WorldCat Identities

Ecole doctorale Langages, Idées, Sociétés, Institutions, Territoires (Dijon / 2007-2016)

Overview
Works: 340 works in 526 publications in 3 languages and 574 library holdings
Genres: Criticism, interpretation, etc  Academic theses 
Roles: Other, Degree grantor, 996
Classifications: PN873, 850.9
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Idées, Sociétés, Institutions, Territoires (Dijon / 2007-2016) Ecole doctorale Langages
L'ultime message étude des monuments funéraires de la Bourgogne ducale XIIe - XVIe siècles by Guillaume Grillon( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The tombstone has long been neglected by historians. As obituaries and wills, tombstones reveal as much the relationship of the deceased to death that the management of their memory by their heirs. This study first shows the wealth of medieval Burgundy graves goods. Typological diversity adds to the richness of iconography with large amounts of effigial monuments. Tombs materialize burial of prestige. Originally reserved for prelates and princes, burial ad ecclesiam progressively extended to the feudal aristocracy and the bourgeoisie. The location and the materialization of a burial monument also reflect the evolution of medieval piety. Epigraphy and iconography show the mutation of "gothic" piety to a more flamboyant piety. But the will to transmitt a memory is a worry at least as important as the salvation of the soul. Despite a complex typology and a constantly formal evolution, the medieval tomb retains a guideline based on the memoria of the deceased. However, it reveals social as well as soteriological strategies. On the one hand, it reflects his auctoritas, and beyond that of his social group. On the other hand, it actively participates in its spiritual fulfillment
Erri De Luca e la Bibbia : un autore formatosi sulle sacre scritture by Anna Porczyk( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in Italian and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of the dissertation is to analyze the prose of the modern Italian writer Erri De Luca through the lens of biblical motifs and references, which bind his works together. Such references to biblical sources are the key to understanding and interpreting the author's writings, which, despite their multifaceted character, nonetheless remain grounded in biblical-literary imagery; one rich in references rooted in the human imagination since centuries past. The term imagery encompasses the entire set of biblical images including symbols, metaphors, comparisons, motifs, and archetypes. The analysis of De Luca's writings consists in foregrounding those images which constitute the fundamental elements of the narration both in the case of biblical authors, as in the case of the Neapolitan writer himself. The dissertation comprises four parts. Chapter One attempts to present the general framework of biblical references in modern Italian literature in the form of a short description of the themes and motifs taken up by Italian poets and prose writers alike. Furthermore, the chapter discusses and exemplifies the main tendencies in literary references to biblical imagery, which will then allow us to observe the ways in which De Luca's works partake in the larger body of 20th century Italian literature with visible biblical influences. Despite his declared lack of religious faith, the Neapolitan writer not only decodes the metaphorical sense of the Bible, but also adopts the Bible as the framework for his writings, thus creating a personal, unified, and unique biblical-literary universe. Chapter Two includes a short biographical note on the writer with a strong emphasis on those aspects of his life which are reflected in his writings. And because such references are numerous indeed, they comprise one of the two macrotexts that the writer refers to in his poetics, i.e. the life (vita) macrotext. This section also presents keywords introduced by De Luca himself. It can be assumed that the author wanted to point his readers and critics to a specific method of reading and interpreting his art. The first keyword of this kind refers to the concept of a longing for the return to the source, which is tied to reflections on the so-called other possibility (altra possibilità) and one's alienation from the exterior world. The later part of the chapter describes the author's political engagement and reflects on the meaning that De Luca ascribes to the word non-believer (non-credente), which the author uses to describe his personal approach to religion. Chapter Three describes the author's interest in reading, translating, and interpreting the Bible, starting with his interest for Jewish history and culture, the roots of which may be traced back to De Luca's study of the Hebrew language. The author undertook the study in order to be able to read biblical texts in their original language, which, in turn, has led him to acquaint himself with Cabalistic practices, enabling him to employ his own biblical exegesis. The chapter then provides an overview of De Luca's own translations of selected biblical texts, a distinguishing feature of which is the author's attempt to remain as faithful as possible to the original text. In this regard, De Luca treats the Italian language as a mere tool and does not consider the process of translation to be an end in and of itself. For this reason, the dissertation treats his translations as a “connector” of sorts, as well as a stepping stone in the journey from the source text to writing itself - more so in a conceptual sense than a temporal sense. The further part of the chapter will consist of an analysis of those of De Luca's works which could be described as “rewriting” biblical tales (riscritture), a process which is not only considered to be a distinct kind of translation, but even the next stage in the work of the translator
L'interdiction du formalisme excessif en procédure civile by Valentin Retornaz( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis attempts to analyse a recurring problem of civil procedure in a comparative context : the so-called excess of formalism and the ways to overcome it. It is structured around a comparative analysis of French and Swiss law in the light of the European Convention on Human Rights. It starts from the assumption that two different approaches are possible : the one relying on the interpretation of civil procedure (private law based approach) ; the other aiming at directly implementing the right to a fair trial in the judicial case law (public law based approach). The first part of the thesis is dedicated to a historical presentation of the both above mentioned approaches. French law, as analysed on the period going from 1806 to the adoption of the New Code of Civil Procedure, has been build on the private law based approach, whereas Swiss law has very early developed, for constitutional reason, a public law based approach which is also followed by the European Court of Human Rights. The second part of the thesis deals with the present state of the legislation in both countries, and with the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. The examination is conducted through concrete problems (procedural flaws and reasonable interpretation of Judicial law). In conclusion, it is noted that both approaches, either based on public or on private law, are mainly complementary and that French and Swiss law would therefore benefit from a mutual enrichment
Le "familial" en France sous le régime de Vichy : territoires, réseaux, trajectoires : les exemples de la Bourgogne et de la Franche-Comté by Christophe Capuano( )

2 editions published in 2008 in French and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This PhD dissertation analyses the political, juridical and social functions of the “family” under Vichy France. First the thesis tends to revaluate the part played by the French State in the family policy. For long the central government has been considered as a major, if not unique, player of the state family policy of the Vichy Regime. In fact, partly because of the German occupation of the northern part of France, partly because of the administrative and governmental processes of the Vichy Regime, the implementation and the achievements of the family policy are due not only to the central government but mostly to the involvement of nongovernmental organisations, private or public, central or local. Second this PhD dissertation analyses the strategies of the various institutions dealing with family policy at different territorial scales. It describes both the similarities of the institutions'goals and the specificities of their implementation processes. It focuses on the various interactions between the State and the nongovernmental organisations. Third this thesis deals with the constitution of a nonpartisan, non controversial and uncompromised approach of family policy. Under the German occupied France family activists could be both supporters of the Vichy Regime and of the French Resistance at the same time. Following the Liberation of France, the family activists were treated very leniently, escaping convictions, and had succeeded in holding important positions in the public sector organisations and departments in charge of the family policy under the Fourth Republic. Moreover, the family policy based on populationist incitements was continued under the Fourth Republic, even if based on radically different philosophical principles
Droits européens et droit de la famille : contribution à l'étude de la dynamique du rapprochement by Angélique Thurillet-Bersolle( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In Europe, there's now a trend for the standardization of national family laws.This is closely linked to the increase of sources. The Council of Europe's right, the European Union's right, and the Comparative Law are increasingly interfering with the inner process of the production of family laws.The uniform standardization of family Laws first and foremost originates in the interaction of sources.The relationship between the different european legal systems, whether national or supranational, cannot only be seen as hierarchic or horizontal.They are indeed much more complicated and are based upon communication i.e. based on exchange and mutual influence. Communication between the different legal systems encourages the convergence of national family laws.The intra-european family movement and the fundamentalisation of laws can explain such a standardization. Nevertheless that convergence is playing a part in the respect of the diversity of laws since it is working through coordination, i.e. extra uniformisation of the international private family law or through an harmonization around the basic principles of freedom and equality
Analyses de la disponibilité économique des métaux rares dans le cadre de la transition énergétique by Florian Fizaine( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A growing number of academic studies and international organizations reports have noticed an increasing dependency of new energy technologies on a specific class of natural resources often called minor metals. For several years, worries about economic availability of these metals in order to realize the energy transition have appeared. This thesis aims at underline the broader risks and constraints involved by general use of these metals in new energy technologies. A first part of this thesis is devoted to theories and indicators related to the depletion of non renewable resources. This part also shows that minor metals share many characteristics and that they can form a group of metal consistent. In a second part, this thesis addresses the issues linked to the absence of price elasticity for the supply of minor metals due to the byproduct constraint. Another chapter offers an analysis of causes and consequences connected to the absence of futures markets for almost all minor metals. Finally, a last chapter highlights the strong link existing between the energy sector and the metals sectors. This connection is increasing and can create a vicious circle between energies which are less and less concentrated and metals which consume more and more energy due to their depletion
La reconstruction de la Champagne méridionale après la guerre de Trente Ans (1635-1715) by Sylvain Skora( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Champagne's southern and eastern borders, approximately within today's Haute-Marne, were severely hit by the Thirty Years'War, due mainly to their frontier position with two fearsome foes, Franche-Comté and Lorraine. The open war between France and the Habsburgs in 1635 didn't however come to an end in 1648, after the Peace of Westphalia, but dragged on until 1659-60 against Spaniards and Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine. Following a twenty-five-year old conflict, the point at issue is to what extent Bassigny and the Plateau de Langres were destroyed. Historians can rely on the famous Journal by the parish priest of Hortes Clément Macheret relating that period's disasters, but many other archives can lead on to further research. Louis XIV's personal reign (1661-1715) spans the reconstruction period of southern Champagne. Several questions still remain unanswered today : - How important were the devastations and demographic losses caused by the Thirty Years'War ?- How fast was the recovery after 1660, and from what human and economic resources ? - How did people manage to rebuild their region ? The question at stake is to understand what factors have favoured or, on the contrary slowed down the reconstruction of Champagne during that period. The comparison with other damaged provinces, such as Lorraine, Alsace or Franche-Comté throughout that endless conflict, may be also helpful. Although it hasn't been much studied by the historians of Champagne, this difficult recovery during the second half of the 17th century has, in many ways, given birth to the fine demographic and economic surge of the Enlightenment
Recherches sur les prieurés réguliers, monastiques et canoniaux des anciens diocèses de Chalon et Mâcon : (Xe - XIVe siècles) by Patrick Defontaine( )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The study presented here is the result from an inventory of the priories in the former dioceses of Chalon and Macon, closely dependent on the metropolis of Lyon .This territory corresponds to the main roads of the former realm of Burgundy. Among the 183 priories which have been retained, only 69 depended on Cluny, all the others belonged to the other monastic or canonic families of St Augustine's order. The majority of these priories was mentioned for the first time by sources from late ninth and beginning of tenth century.The data collected have allowed to draw a map of the implanted sites in the form of a poster attached to the thesis and an index of the sources which are, for the most part, hand-written in latin. Priories built 200 churches or chapels. Some were reserved exclusively to the use of munks, others had a mixed function shared between parishes. The work in the field rested on outside and inside architectural aspects, the carved decorations of the capitals and low-reliefs or tympanums, together with the most significative frescoes of the 99 buildings still existing. The life inside the priory was rythmed by the regular prayers of the canonic hours. It has been possible to compare several liturgic manuscripts, among which the Saint Victor-sur-Rhin breviary with its famous illuminations.The social background of the munks, sisters and canons was mainly from the neighbouring feudal families which also represented the parents who gave the most numerous and important donations . We have also found donations made by middle-class families, wealthy farmers and some villeins. The respect of the rules and official customs was to be associated with a vow of stability which prevented the passage of munks and canons from dependence on one abbey to another. Proof has been made of a operation of these secular clerics with secular priests in the cur animanum of the congregation and in the supervision of local pilgrims, and well identified for the services expected of them by churchgoers. Priories were often surrounded by walls and fortifications or directly set in castles they built or bought. These buildings originally designed as a protection against acquisitive squires turned priors into clerical squires, not very different from laymen on a judicial level. They rarely carried out “emancipations” but they exercised their rights, so it seems, with more flexibility. Munks and canons didn't proceed to the clearing of land because, for the most part , it had been done in the gallo-roman times .They started country-planning , making lanes, bridges, canals for windmills and fisherie . While promoting the cultivation of vineyards, they maintained a balance with the cultivation of cereal, cattle raising and the exploitation of forests. Detailed documents allow us to note lapses of conduct concerning monastic and canonic rules: mostly the lure of profit making, thefts, lack of restraint, concubinage, not reciting canonic hours ,assaulting fellow members and superiors. These faults were relatively rare compared to those known in other dioceses. The census of the global number of munks and canons amounted to a number varying from 580 to 720 people .A tendency to recruit in lower classes was mainly due to the consequences of the Black Plague and the Hundred years'war in the 14th century. The century was also the time when the Papacy was in Avignon then of the Big Schism in Occident. This was a time of disorder linked to the appointment of priors under the authority of the Pope in Avignon ,more interested in receiving the incomes of priories than insuring the maintenance and their spiritual authority .The canonic priories were composed of a minimum of 4 members whereas the monastic priories were often inhabited by 2 or 3 lay brothers .It happened that only one munk was present with the title and responsibilities of the management of what seemed to be a farm like any other. This general low number of people raises admiration as for the social and religious influence of the priories when they existed and for the deep memory transmitted to the population of the modern world
L'éthique cartésienne de la pensée by Jean-Daniel Lallemand( )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Descartes' work is a work of thought, which he wanted and built with method, strictness and constancy his whole life through. Thanks to this work, we do not discover as much the truth of the things as the way we can build our own thought and system of convictions. And the method Descartes is suggesting and applying in the mean time is aimed at coherence. To think truly the world is consequently the most reliable way to think with coherence.The subject of the study is to highlight the rules that indeed make up what we may call the Cartesian maxim of the thought. With this aim in view, we start with the description of what is for Descartes the thought on one hand, and on the other hand, this world which is precisely to be thought. We are then led to examining and criticizing the role of God's existence in the Descartes' system, which aims to guarantee the coherence of his own thought. However, in spite of the application of his maxim, Descartes did not avoid an error which was to weaken his system of convictions, that is to say his conception of the matter as pure expanse. Even if the "novel of nature" he then imagined on this erroneous basis is coherent, it unfortunately does not represent the reality of the world. By introducing inter-subjectivity in the ethics of the thought, i.e. by accepting to rub our own system of convictions to the one of the "Other", whose existence and value we recognise, we no doubt can avoid this kind of drift. So we establish that the idea of Man, who is both the Cartesian ego and this Other one, takes with great benefit the place of the idea of God, in the prospect of guaranteeing the truth
La sécurité, la fondation de l'Etat centrafricain : contribution à la recherche de l'état de droit by Augustin Jérémie Doui-Wawaye( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

“Ensuring order and security” is a deep-seated desire shared by the whole of humanity. It is therefore reasonable to devote this thesis to the place occupied by insecurity in public debate in the Central African Republic, a state covering roughly the same surface area as France. Security implies that the weight of fear or terror is removed. If order and security are to be genuinely ensured in the Central African Republic, more is required than the absence of bloodshed and the protection of each citizen's physical integrity. It is also essential that the rights of all be respected and that all citizens should be entitled to the protection of their rights as well as their possessions. Legal security is therefore a fundamental requirement, closely related to the rule of law, that is to say a state subject to the rule of law. This association is of course due to the strong bond existing between the notions of security and law, a bond which is highlighted by a judge: if security remains one of the goals assigned to law, through its pre-eminence the law is an effective means to guarantee security. Conventional wisdom today equates the rule of law with democracy. If democracy lies behind the reinforcement of the rule of law, and in particular through the principle that all citizens should be entitled to contribute directly or by means of their representatives to the voting of laws, for it to be effective, the rule of law must establish a legal protection system allowing laws to be passed free of all constraint
La tripolarisation territoriale en Bolivie : genèse et actualité by Sarah Castillo Camacho( )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trois agglomérations majeures caractérisent le système territorial bolivien en concentrant près de la moitié de la population et des emplois nationaux. Ce constat amène à s'interroger sur le rôle économique de cette tripolarisation territoriale face au succès économique de Potosi et Tarija, territoires riches en ressources naturelles. Dans ce travail, nous examinons l'actuelle tripolarisation par l'étude de l'histoire économique de l'émergence de ces trois pôles, puis en examinant les données économiques les plus récentes, de manière à expliquer les forces et les faiblesses de ce tripôle. Chacun des pôles se localise dans un contexte géographique original. La Paz où siège le gouvernement se situe dans la région montagneuse des hauts plateaux à l'Ouest. Santa Cruz, à environ 900 km de La Paz, se localise à l'Est, au centre des plaines amazoniennes. Cochabamba se situe entre les deux, dans les vallées intermédiaires du centre. Cette tripolarisation est relativement récente : la hiérarchie urbaine, longtemps dominée par une ville primatiale n'a donné une configuration tripolaire qu'au cours du dernier demi-siècle. La situation actuelle résulte en partie du cadre particulier de l'émergence du tripôle, liée aux territoires disposant des ressources naturelles ; l'analyse est conduite à partir d'indicateurs d'activité économique et du rôle international de ces territoires. L'approche économique, combinée avec des éléments géographiques, démographiques, historiques, politiques et de développement humain, permet de mettre à jour deux logiques distinctes, mais qui se complètent d'une manière originale : une forme de domination territoriale du tripôle La Paz - Cochabamba - Santa Cruz, à la fois permise et fragilisée par le rôle clé de l'exploitation des richesses naturelles de Potosi et Tarija
"Sauver la nuit" : empreinte lumineuse, urbanisme et gouvernance des territoires by Samuel Challeat( )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Our society maintains a complex relation with night, space-time often outside the diurnal cadences which facilitates the reflection, the imagination, the creation, the listening and the link with the other one, while revealing the segregation, the fear, and thus the restriction. By this research, we put compared to the urban lighting - real light project carrier of a strong symbolism - the socio-cultural, ecological and sanitary costs engendered by the artificial light. The urban lighting generates a geographical interlacing of bright imprints of differentiated scales, which we approach by various modellings, without forbidding us the sensitive analysis. We clarify, at various scales, the games of institutional actors and the constraints surrounding the governance of the street lighting in France, and we underline the reproduction of the possibilities offered for its local management. A characterization of the various impacts of the nocturnal artificial light by means of abstract tools of the economy of the environment allows to define as real pollutions the ecological and sanitary damages, and as nuisance the decrease - even the loss - of the accessibility to the starry sky. We show how the environmental good "starry sky" was seized by the astronomers to carry a positive project integrating henceforth the nocturnal environment in general: "Save the night". Oppositions to this project marked out its history, but the necessary energy savings and the budgets of territorial communities bring henceforth the local actors to reconsider with more interest the various propositions made by the associations of "protection of the nocturnal sky and environment". But the difficult efficiency of the mechanisms of coasian bargaining brings us to defend that the protection of these pure public goods, not unbargainable, must be taken care by the public authorities
Les voies initiatiques chez Panait Istrati et Harry Martinson : rêverie, vagabondage, écriture by Catherine Rossi( )

2 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study aims at pointing out, through the investigation of their prose work, the initiatory progress of two proletarian writers, the Rumanian Panaït Istrati and the Swedish writer Harry Martinson. Three specific ways have been selected : reverie, wanderlust and writing.If reverie first leads Istrati and Martinson into a virtual world, it soon directs them to an actual wandering expressive their revolt against injustice and their aspirations to emancipation, but, above all, their belief in an unassignable right for them, to be free to discover the world.A geographic itinerary and spiritual progress as well, their wanderlust organizes itself structurally and alters as the act of writing, which represents a second temporality where the other two initiatory ways merge into a unified one, proceeds.The act of writing is indeed conducted as a conquering and maieutic process, just as it is a projecting reflective schema in the field of creation : the progress of each writer takes its full meaning through an autobiographical quest in the third person, re-birth of the individual through unexpected trajectories whose revelation constitutes rituals of passage towards truth.Martinson continues his frantic voyage round the world and finally decides to explore Sweden out of the beaten tracks, as opposed to Istrati who, after having wandered across the countries of the Eastern World, heads for the Western ones, full of hope. Strong in their human experience, they now turn towards an innovating and promissing territory : the USSR. Once more, truth awaits them at the end of the road
La nécropole d'Ensisheim/Reguisheimerfeld (Haut-Rhin) : illustration des pratiques funéraires au Bronze final en Alsace by Yannick Prouin( )

1 edition published in 2007 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 2000, the preventive excavation of the Ensisheim/Reguisheimerfeld site (Haut-Rhin), carried out by the ANTEA SARL company, brought to light 87 funerary structures belonging to a cremation necropolis dating from the beginning of the Late Bronze Age (around 1350-1050 BC). Following study of the material, 3 successive chronological phases and a possible cultural “faciès” centred on the bend in the Rhine at Basel, Switzerland, were distinguished. The archaeo-anthropological study of the burnt bones revealed, among other things, the existence of a large number of multiple graves and of socially immature members of the society, phenomena rarely observed in the region. The analysis of the internal and external architecture of these structures suggested the existence of closure systems consisting of a perishable element surmounted by a small tumulus. In addition, the number of vases deposited in the graves increased over time. The spatial analysis of the necropolis revealed the existence of a reserved circular area, suggesting a topographic development structured by perpendicular axes. A zone reserved for the socially immature members of the society and another for adults were also identified. Thanks to the identification of structures belonging to various stages of the cremation operating chain and to the structured organisation of the necropolis, we can consider this necropolis as a real funerary complex. A careful paleo-sociological study is conducted on the definition of the 4 deposited material groups. The archaeo-thanatologic approach developed here thus updates knowledge about typo-chronology and funerary practices in Late Bronze Age Alsace
Rôle des identités sociales dans la représentation sociale de la fatigue en France et en Syrie by Khaled Saimouaa( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For a few years, many factors, such as the burden of training, are considered to be linked to the athletes' difficulties to get used to training. The fatigue is one of the perceived problems by the athletes. Physiologically, the fatigue can be defined as “the decrease of a muscle's capacity over time to exert force or power during a given exercise”. However, from the social point of view, the interpretation of fatigue is different and varies according to the social groups. This representation of the fatigue, specific to each group, should be considered as “a form of knowledge, socially developed and shared. In this doctoral thesis, we focus on the representation of fatigue in France and in Syria, more precisely on the social representation of being fatigued (worn out/tired/exhausted) among athletes and non-athletes in these two countries. The form of social knowledge of fatigue is approached via theories related to the physiological fatigue, the social categorization and in particular, via the theories of social identity and social representation. After the construction of the theoretical framework, six studies have been carried out in order to ascertain the representation of fatigue in each group of the two countries.The first two studies sought to highlight the elements of the social representation of fatigue in the French and Arabic dictionary. In the field of sports, low fatigue and better physical shape remain more to the athletes benefit then the non-practicing sport group. That why athletes seek to establish a favorable social position in their group by using social categorization. In the following research, four of the studies are interested in the representation of fatigue from two groups coming from two differents countries. Results using our 'RepMut' tool allow us to see that the representation of fatigue is different depending on the social group interviewed (sports, non-sport) and the country of origin of its members (France, Syria). In France, it appears that on a categorical level, only athletes are able to position themselves satisfactorily in the case of fatigue only, while in Syria the athletes are able to position themselves satisfactorily in the cases of fatigue and well being
Les agglomérations celtiques au IIIe siècle avant notre ère by Julie Clerc( )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study provides a synthesis of the data issued from Celtic settlements (“agglomération”) of the third century BC in the whole European area. Centered on bibliographical data, a large approach of the phenomenon of agglomeration was considered. This study focuses on identification and characterization of these settlements. Among forty-four sites initially selected to understand the emergence and the forms of these settlements, ten were cross-checked in order to clarify their functions and roles. This consideration of the data allows us to improve our understanding of economic and territorial organization of the Celtic society during the third century BC, but also increase our knowledge of the urbanization process in the Iron Age. Over the European area this phenomenon considerably renews the vision of Celtic society of the third century BC and its organization
Le théâtre de Gonzalo Torrente Ballester : des avant-gardes à Aristote by Laurent Marti( )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Gonzalo Torrente Ballester (1910-1999), une des figures de proue de la littérature espagnole du XXème siècle, est surtout connu pour ses narrations. Le théâtre constitue pourtant sa grande passion -la première aussi- car il y consacre les vingt premières années de sa carrière littéraire. L'activité théâtrale de l'auteur galicien au cours des décennies 1930 et 1940, intense et soutenue, nous livre un témoignage de choix sur la situation de la scène espagnole pendant la Seconde République : la coexistence d'un théâtre bourgeois et commercial qui jouit de la faveur du public depuis la fin du XXème siècle et d'un théâtre d'avant-garde, minoritaire, qui ambitionne de rénover la scène théâtrale à grand renfort d'innovations formelles. Les deux premières pièces de Torrente Ballester s'inscrivent dans cette dernière démarche mais un événement historique, la Guerre d'Espagne, entraîne un changement esthétique et thématique majeur. Torrente rejoint un groupe d'intellectuels Phalangistes, le Grupo de Escorial, où se mêlent littérature et politique, un amalgame qui conditionne les pièces -mais aussi les essais et les articles- de notre auteur au tout début des années 1940. Le rêve d'une société idéale éduquée par le théâtre tourne court en 1943 et don Gonzalo se détourne vite du dogmatisme qui caractérise la période 1937-1942. L'auteur galicien retrouve alors une liberté créatrice qui lui permet de composer ses meilleures pièces juste au moment où, faute de mise en scène, il décide d'abandonner l'écriture dramatique pour se consacrer exclusivement à la narration. L'aventure théâtrale de Torrente s'arrête à la fin des années 1940 mais l'expérience -littéraire, politique et humaine- accumulée au cours de cette étape se révèle essentielle pour la brillante carrière de romancier qu'il connaît ensuite
La violence scolaire féminine : un regard d'adolescentes by Carmen Beatriz Torres Castro( )

2 editions published in 2012 in Spanish and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cet article a pour but de présenter la violence scolaire féminine en tant que phénomène social d'actualité dans les établissements d'enseignement. L'analyse se fait grâce à l'interprétation du rôle des relations, des stéréotypes et des rôles de genre, qui se trouvent à la base des comportement agressif et de la violence chez les élèves adolescentes, qui ne trouvent une autre façon que de résoudre les conflits avec les pairs de manière réactive, parce qu'elles ne connaissent pas d'autre moyen de le faire ou bien parce que de cette façon, elles gagnent la reconnaissance de leurs pairs avec qui elles partagent l'espace scolaire. Les raisons d'un tel comportement doivent être analysées dans les espaces de relation tels que la famille, l'école et le quartier ; structures sociales qui jouent un rôle dans la dynamique culturelle. Ce phénomène place les acteurs éducatifs dans la perspective d'une recherche de mesures d'intervention et de prévention contre les manifestations de cette difficulté dans les écoles. Il est important, également, d'établir le rôle des enseignants et leur influence sur le climat scolaire. Cette influence négative empêche le progrès dans l'utilisation de stratégies pour la résolution pacifique des conflits, évitant ainsi les comportements violents des adolescents, qui est considérée dans cette recherche comme facilitateur de ce qu'on appelle la violence scolaire féminine. L'analyse du phénomène nécessite une approche épistémologique et phénoménologique, et puis, la mise en tension des comportements observés avec les théories existantes sur le genre, la violence domestique, l'école et la culture scolaire. Ce processus a permit l'établissement des catégories d'analyse appropriées à la recherche, grâce auxquelles s'établit la discussion et les étapes à suivre dans la recherche de mesures d'intervention et de prévention. La conception méthodologique utilisée prend en compte la recherche qualitative de type participative, ancrée dans les « Núcleos de Educación Social y la Prevención de las Violencias Difusas en Contextos Educativos, (NES) ». Nous avons interrogé soixante et onze adolescentes âgées de 11 à 19 ans, de la sixième à la Terminale de cinq écoles publiques dans les quartiers de Santa Fe, Usme, Fontibón, Suba et Usaquen (Bogota - Colombie). Grâce à une stratégie de groupes de discussion (focus groups), les participantes ont exprimé les manifestations de la violence féminine dans différents contextes (sujet/famille, école, quartier) et étapes (rencontres/exploration, promenades, déplacements/transformations), tout en proposant des mesures de prévention et d'intervention pour le traitement du phénomène. L'analyse des résultats et la discussion rendent compte de la dynamique du phénomène, sa caractérisation et son impact sur l'environnement scolaire, afin de générer une réflexion en profondeur au sein des communautés scolaires, universitaires et scientifiques. Parmi les résultats obtenus sont présentés a) la possibilité que les participantes soient des vecteurs de coexistence au sein de leurs établissements scolaires en collaborant avec pour un renforcement du climat de l'établissement positif. b) Produire un historique sur la violence scolaire féminine afin d'identifier les différents étapes du phénomène, les facteurs générateurs de cette violence et les conséquences, de sorte que dans les écoles, la violence scolaire féminine soit reconnue comme un fait de société qui touche la vie quotidienne à l'école, de même que dans la vie des participantes et de leurs familles
Les engagements politiques de la presse des expulsés de Silésie : l'exemple du Grafschafter Bote by Lionel Picard( )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The integration process was very difficult for the millions of Germans evicted from the eastern territories at the end of WWII. The numerous newspapers that they published in FRG testify to their unique identity. This sector of the press reflects a large social group. One can find there the integration problems as well as the political claims of the evicted Germans. The Grafschafter Bote is a newspaper aimed at the Germans who were evicted from the County of Glatz (pol. Ziemia Kłodzka) in Silesia. It is an independent newspaper representing the most important associations and it has been published continually since 1950. The study of its content allows a better understanding of the evicted Germans' historical interpretation and political aspirations. It sheds a new light on the political orientations of a group of people who have often been considered as extremists or backward looking
Analyse économique du développement territorial du tourisme : prise en compte des aménités et des interactions spatiales marchandes et non marchandes by Stéphanie Truchet( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This PhD thesis aims at identifying the determinants of territorial development of tourism and provides a framework for analysing the mechanisms of tourism firm location. From a theoretical point of view, spatial economics is the main field mobilized, complemented by tourism economics and social capital theories. The thesis is divided into two parts, each one combining theoretical and empirical analysis. The first part focuses on the effect of amenities. After a clarification of the concept of amenities, the impact of their spatial distribution on tourism development is analysed on the basis micro-economic models. The theoretical assumptions are then tested using an econometric analysis. The second part focuses on the interactions between clustered tourism firms interact and on the influence of these mechanisms on tourism development. An analytical framework is proposed in order to highlight market and non-market mechanisms of spatial interactions. This framework allows to identify the determinants of these interactions and their effects on tourism development. A second empirical analysis, which includes estimations as well as case studies, is then designed in order to validate the theoretical analysis. The thesis concludes that the spatial distribution of amenities within the territories plays an important role. Indeed, it affects not only tourist attractiveness but also the emergence of spatial interactions between tourism businesses, which, up to a certain level, may enhance tourism development
 
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Alternative Names
École doctorale LISIT 491.

École doctorale LISIT, Dijon.

ED 491.

ED LISIT, Dijon.

ED491

Université de Bourgogne. École doctorale Langages, Idées, Sociétés, Institutions, Territoires.

Université de Bourgogne. École doctorale LISIT 491.

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