WorldCat Identities

Ecole doctorale Langages, Idées, Sociétés, Institutions, Territoires (Dijon / 2007-2016)

Works: 346 works in 533 publications in 2 languages and 580 library holdings
Genres: Criticism, interpretation, etc  Academic theses 
Roles: Other, Degree grantor, 996
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Idées, Sociétés, Institutions, Territoires (Dijon / 2007-2016) Ecole doctorale Langages
L'ultime message étude des monuments funéraires de la Bourgogne ducale XIIe - XVIe siècles by Guillaume Grillon( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The tombstone has long been neglected by historians. As obituaries and wills, tombstones reveal as much the relationship of the deceased to death that the management of their memory by their heirs. This study first shows the wealth of medieval Burgundy graves goods. Typological diversity adds to the richness of iconography with large amounts of effigial monuments. Tombs materialize burial of prestige. Originally reserved for prelates and princes, burial ad ecclesiam progressively extended to the feudal aristocracy and the bourgeoisie. The location and the materialization of a burial monument also reflect the evolution of medieval piety. Epigraphy and iconography show the mutation of "gothic" piety to a more flamboyant piety. But the will to transmitt a memory is a worry at least as important as the salvation of the soul. Despite a complex typology and a constantly formal evolution, the medieval tomb retains a guideline based on the memoria of the deceased. However, it reveals social as well as soteriological strategies. On the one hand, it reflects his auctoritas, and beyond that of his social group. On the other hand, it actively participates in its spiritual fulfillment
Le "familial" en France sous le régime de Vichy : territoires, réseaux, trajectoires : les exemples de la Bourgogne et de la Franche-Comté by Christophe Capuano( )

2 editions published in 2008 in French and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This PhD dissertation analyses the political, juridical and social functions of the "family" under Vichy France. First the thesis tends to revaluate the part played by the French State in the family policy. For long the central government has been considered as a major, if not unique, player of the state family policy of the Vichy Regime. In fact, partly because of the German occupation of the northern part of France, partly because of the administrative and governmental processes of the Vichy Regime, the implementation and the achievements of the family policy are due not only to the central government but mostly to the involvement of nongovernmental organisations, private or public, central or local. Second this PhD dissertation analyses the strategies of the various institutions dealing with family policy at different territorial scales. It describes both the similarities of the institutions'goals and the specificities of their implementation processes. It focuses on the various interactions between the State and the nongovernmental organisations. Third this thesis deals with the constitution of a nonpartisan, non controversial and uncompromised approach of family policy. Under the German occupied France family activists could be both supporters of the Vichy Regime and of the French Resistance at the same time. Following the Liberation of France, the family activists were treated very leniently, escaping convictions, and had succeeded in holding important positions in the public sector organisations and departments in charge of the family policy under the Fourth Republic. Moreover, the family policy based on populationist incitements was continued under the Fourth Republic, even if based on radically different philosophical principles
L'interdiction du formalisme excessif en procédure civile by Valentin Rétornaz( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis attempts to analyse a recurring problem of civil procedure in a comparative context : the so-called excess of formalism and the ways to overcome it. It is structured around a comparative analysis of French and Swiss law in the light of the European Convention on Human Rights. It starts from the assumption that two different approaches are possible : the one relying on the interpretation of civil procedure (private law based approach) ; the other aiming at directly implementing the right to a fair trial in the judicial case law (public law based approach). The first part of the thesis is dedicated to a historical presentation of the both above mentioned approaches. French law, as analysed on the period going from 1806 to the adoption of the New Code of Civil Procedure, has been build on the private law based approach, whereas Swiss law has very early developed, for constitutional reason, a public law based approach which is also followed by the European Court of Human Rights. The second part of the thesis deals with the present state of the legislation in both countries, and with the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. The examination is conducted through concrete problems (procedural flaws and reasonable interpretation of Judicial law). In conclusion, it is noted that both approaches, either based on public or on private law, are mainly complementary and that French and Swiss law would therefore benefit from a mutual enrichment
Erri De Luca e la Bibbia : un autore formatosi sulle sacre scritture by Anna Porczyk( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in Italian and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of the dissertation is to analyze the prose of the modern Italian writer Erri De Luca through the lens of biblical motifs and references, which bind his works together. Such references to biblical sources are the key to understanding and interpreting the author's writings, which, despite their multifaceted character, nonetheless remain grounded in biblical-literary imagery; one rich in references rooted in the human imagination since centuries past. The term imagery encompasses the entire set of biblical images including symbols, metaphors, comparisons, motifs, and archetypes. The analysis of De Luca's writings consists in foregrounding those images which constitute the fundamental elements of the narration both in the case of biblical authors, as in the case of the Neapolitan writer himself. The dissertation comprises four parts. Chapter One attempts to present the general framework of biblical references in modern Italian literature in the form of a short description of the themes and motifs taken up by Italian poets and prose writers alike. Furthermore, the chapter discusses and exemplifies the main tendencies in literary references to biblical imagery, which will then allow us to observe the ways in which De Luca's works partake in the larger body of 20th century Italian literature with visible biblical influences. Despite his declared lack of religious faith, the Neapolitan writer not only decodes the metaphorical sense of the Bible, but also adopts the Bible as the framework for his writings, thus creating a personal, unified, and unique biblical-literary universe. Chapter Two includes a short biographical note on the writer with a strong emphasis on those aspects of his life which are reflected in his writings. And because such references are numerous indeed, they comprise one of the two macrotexts that the writer refers to in his poetics, i.e. the life (vita) macrotext. This section also presents keywords introduced by De Luca himself. It can be assumed that the author wanted to point his readers and critics to a specific method of reading and interpreting his art. The first keyword of this kind refers to the concept of a longing for the return to the source, which is tied to reflections on the so-called other possibility (altra possibilità) and one's alienation from the exterior world. The later part of the chapter describes the author's political engagement and reflects on the meaning that De Luca ascribes to the word non-believer (non-credente), which the author uses to describe his personal approach to religion. Chapter Three describes the author's interest in reading, translating, and interpreting the Bible, starting with his interest for Jewish history and culture, the roots of which may be traced back to De Luca's study of the Hebrew language. The author undertook the study in order to be able to read biblical texts in their original language, which, in turn, has led him to acquaint himself with Cabalistic practices, enabling him to employ his own biblical exegesis. The chapter then provides an overview of De Luca's own translations of selected biblical texts, a distinguishing feature of which is the author's attempt to remain as faithful as possible to the original text. In this regard, De Luca treats the Italian language as a mere tool and does not consider the process of translation to be an end in and of itself. For this reason, the dissertation treats his translations as a “connector” of sorts, as well as a stepping stone in the journey from the source text to writing itself - more so in a conceptual sense than a temporal sense. The further part of the chapter will consist of an analysis of those of De Luca's works which could be described as “rewriting” biblical tales (riscritture), a process which is not only considered to be a distinct kind of translation, but even the next stage in the work of the translator
Droits européens et droit de la famille : contribution à l'étude de la dynamique du rapprochement by Angélique Thurillet-Bersolle( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In Europe, there's now a trend for the standardization of national family laws.This is closely linked to the increase of sources. The Council of Europe's right, the European Union's right, and the Comparative Law are increasingly interfering with the inner process of the production of family laws.The uniform standardization of family Laws first and foremost originates in the interaction of sources.The relationship between the different european legal systems, whether national or supranational, cannot only be seen as hierarchic or horizontal.They are indeed much more complicated and are based upon communication i.e. based on exchange and mutual influence. Communication between the different legal systems encourages the convergence of national family laws.The intra-european family movement and the fundamentalisation of laws can explain such a standardization. Nevertheless that convergence is playing a part in the respect of the diversity of laws since it is working through coordination, i.e. extra uniformisation of the international private family law or through an harmonization around the basic principles of freedom and equality
L'éthique cartésienne de la pensée by Jean-Daniel Lallemand( )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'œuvre de Descartes est une œuvre de pensée, qu'il a voulue et qu'il a bâtie avec méthode, rigueur et constance tout au long de sa vie. À travers cette œuvre, ce n'est pas tant la vérité des choses que l'on découvre, que la manière dont on peut construire sa pensée et son propre système de certitudes. Et la manière que nous propose Descartes et qu'il a lui-même mise en œuvre repose sur le souci de la cohérence. Penser avec vérité le monde est alors le moyen le plus sûr de penser de manière cohérente. L'étude a pour objet de mettre en lumière les règles qui constituent, de fait, ce que l'on peut appeler la maxime cartésienne de la pensée. Pour ce faire, on commence par décrire ce qu'est, pour Descartes, d'une part la pensée, et d'autre part ce monde qu'il s'agit justement de penser. On est ainsi conduit à examiner et à critiquer en particulier la place que tient l'existence de Dieu dans le dispositif cartésien qui vise à garantir la cohérence de sa propre pensée. Malgré l'application qu'il fit de sa maxime, Descartes n'évita pourtant pas une erreur qui allait fragiliser son système de certitudes : il s'agit de sa conception de la matière comme pure étendue. Le "roman de la nature" qu'il imagina alors sur cette base erronée a beau être très cohérent, il ne représente malheureusement pas la réalité du monde. C'est en introduisant l'intersubjectivité dans l'éthique de la pensée, c'est-à-dire en acceptant de frotter son propre système de certitudes à celui d'un Autre, dont on reconnaît l'existence et la valeur, que l'on peut sans doute éviter ce type de dérive. On constate alors que l'idée de l'Homme, qui est à la fois l'ego cartésien et cet Autre, remplace avec profit l'idée de Dieu dans la perspective d'une garantie de la vérité
"Sauver la nuit" : empreinte lumineuse, urbanisme et gouvernance des territoires by Samuel Challeat( )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Our society maintains a complex relation with night, space-time often outside the diurnal cadences which facilitates the reflection, the imagination, the creation, the listening and the link with the other one, while revealing the segregation, the fear, and thus the restriction. By this research, we put compared to the urban lighting - real light project carrier of a strong symbolism - the socio-cultural, ecological and sanitary costs engendered by the artificial light. The urban lighting generates a geographical interlacing of bright imprints of differentiated scales, which we approach by various modellings, without forbidding us the sensitive analysis. We clarify, at various scales, the games of institutional actors and the constraints surrounding the governance of the street lighting in France, and we underline the reproduction of the possibilities offered for its local management. A characterization of the various impacts of the nocturnal artificial light by means of abstract tools of the economy of the environment allows to define as real pollutions the ecological and sanitary damages, and as nuisance the decrease - even the loss - of the accessibility to the starry sky. We show how the environmental good "starry sky" was seized by the astronomers to carry a positive project integrating henceforth the nocturnal environment in general: "Save the night". Oppositions to this project marked out its history, but the necessary energy savings and the budgets of territorial communities bring henceforth the local actors to reconsider with more interest the various propositions made by the associations of "protection of the nocturnal sky and environment". But the difficult efficiency of the mechanisms of coasian bargaining brings us to defend that the protection of these pure public goods, not unbargainable, must be taken care by the public authorities
Les militants du commerce équitable analyse localisée de l'engagement dans deux associations by Matthieu Gateau( Book )

3 editions published in 2007 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dans les associations de commerce équitable, qui se multiplient depuis la fin des années 1990 et le début de la diffusion à grande échelle de cette nouvelle pratique socio-économique, les militants occupent une place centrale. Leurs actions y sont nombreuses, allant de la promotion du commerce équitable à la sensibilisation des consommateurs en passant par le relais de campagnes de lobbying. En réalisant une analyse localisée de l'engagement dans deux associations qui représentent les conceptions dominantes du commerce équitable français, nous avons été attentifs à leurs multiples évolutions qui modifient la ou plutôt les pratiques de leurs militants à mesure que les activités se technicisent, se professionnalisent et que l'aspect économique du commerce équitable devient fondamental
Les voies initiatiques chez Panait Istrati et Harry Martinson : rêverie, vagabondage, écriture by Catherine Rossi( )

2 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study aims at pointing out, through the investigation of their prose work, the initiatory progress of two proletarian writers, the Rumanian Panaït Istrati and the Swedish writer Harry Martinson. Three specific ways have been selected : reverie, wanderlust and writing.If reverie first leads Istrati and Martinson into a virtual world, it soon directs them to an actual wandering expressive their revolt against injustice and their aspirations to emancipation, but, above all, their belief in an unassignable right for them, to be free to discover the world.A geographic itinerary and spiritual progress as well, their wanderlust organizes itself structurally and alters as the act of writing, which represents a second temporality where the other two initiatory ways merge into a unified one, proceeds.The act of writing is indeed conducted as a conquering and maieutic process, just as it is a projecting reflective schema in the field of creation : the progress of each writer takes its full meaning through an autobiographical quest in the third person, re-birth of the individual through unexpected trajectories whose revelation constitutes rituals of passage towards truth.Martinson continues his frantic voyage round the world and finally decides to explore Sweden out of the beaten tracks, as opposed to Istrati who, after having wandered across the countries of the Eastern World, heads for the Western ones, full of hope. Strong in their human experience, they now turn towards an innovating and promissing territory : the USSR. Once more, truth awaits them at the end of the road
La reconstruction de la Champagne méridionale après la guerre de Trente Ans (1635-1715) by Sylvain Skora( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les confins méridionaux et orientaux de la Champagne, correspondant approximativement à la Haute-Marne actuelle, ont été touchés de plein fouet par la guerre de Trente Ans, en raison de leur position frontalière avec deux redoutables ennemis, la Franche-Comté et la Lorraine. La guerre ouverte entre la France et les Habsbourg en 1635 ne s'est d'ailleurs pas interrompue en 1648, aux traités de Westphalie, mais s'est prolongée jusqu'en 1659-1660 contre l'Espagne et le duc Charles IV de Lorraine.Après vingt-cinq années de conflit, on peut s'interroger sur le degré de destruction subi par le Bassigny et la Montagne langroise. Le célèbre Journal du curé d'Hortes Clément Macheret, qui narre les désastres survenus pendant cette période, demeure pour l'historien un témoignage incontournable, mais il subsiste de nombreuses autres sources archivées qui permettent d'approfondir l'enquête. Le règne personnel de Louis XIV, qui s'étend de 1661 à 1715, correspond à la phase de reconstruction de la Champagne méridionale. Plusieurs questions demeuraient à ce jour sans réponse : - Quelle a été l'ampleur des dévastations et des pertes démographiques suite à la guerre de Trente Ans ? - Quel a été le rythme du relèvement après 1660, et à partir de quelles ressources humaines et économiques ? - Comment s'est opérée la reconstruction matérielle de la région ? Il s'agit de comprendre quels facteurs ont favorisé, ou au contraire freiné, le redressement champenois durant cette période. La comparaison avec d'autres provinces dévastées au cours de cet interminable conflit, comme la Lorraine, l'Alsace ou la Franche-Comté, peut également être éclairante. Peu étudiée par les historiens de la Champagne, cette récupération laborieuse de la seconde moitié du XVIIe siècle a pourtant, à bien des égards, enfanté le bel essor démographique et économique du siècle des Lumières
Une évaluation de l'efficacité de l'enseignement supérieur français : le cas des classes préparatoires scientifiques by Noël Adangnikou( Book )

2 editions published in 2007 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Looking at the famous French elite preparatory programmes called "Classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles" (CPGE), this research aimed to study the effectiveness of their training. The objective was to know if students from sciences CPGE develop specific behaviors that lead them to a better academic achievement in further engineering programmes (internal effectiveness) and a better professional career after graduation (external effectiveness). For comparison needs, the empirical approach focused on engineering schools enrolling both students from CPGE and students from other two-year programmes (DEUG,DUT,BTS). For assessing internal effectiveness, two surveys have been conducted ; one directed at students learning strategies and competences during their initial two-year track and one at their academic achievement in the following engineering programme. For assessing external effectiveness, wages of graduates from engineering schools have been compared. In the end, our data do not show specific learning strategies but with regard to self-assessed competences a significant distinction appears indicating that students from CPGE are more efficient at work organization and learning, for instance. However, they do not show a better academic achievement during engineering training. But the comparison of wages, used as a proxy variable for the professional achievement, indicates that, on average and three years after graduation, the wages of engineers from CPGE is 3,5 % higher
Analyses de la disponibilité économique des métaux rares dans le cadre de la transition énergétique by Florian Fizaine( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Un nombre croissant d'études académiques et de rapports d'organismes internationaux relèvent une dépendance accrue des nouvelles technologies de l'énergie vis-à-vis d'une catégorie de ressources souvent prénommés métaux rares. Parallèlement, il se forme depuis plusieurs années des inquiétudes sur la disponibilité économique de ces métaux pour opérer la transition énergétique nécessaire à la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique. Cette thèse a donc pour objectif de souligner l'ensemble des contraintes et des risques qu'implique l'usage fréquent et généralisé de ces métaux dans les nouvelles technologies de l'énergie. Une première partie de la thèse est consacrée aux indicateurs et aux théories reliées à la disponibilité économique de long terme d'une ressource non renouvelable tout en faisant apparaitre un ensemble de traits communs partagés par les métaux rares. La seconde partie de cette thèse démontre les risques attachés à une absence d'élasticité prix de l'offre de métaux rares du fait d'une contrainte de sous-produit. Elle offre également une analyse approfondie des causes et des conséquences relatives à l'absence de marché à terme pour la quasi-totalité de ces métaux rares. Enfin, son dernier chapitre propose d'explorer la liaison très forte existant entre le secteur de l'énergie et le secteur des métaux. Il y est démontré que cette connexion s'accentue et qu'elle implique la possibilité d'un cercle vicieux entre des énergies toujours moins concentrées (avec un contenu en métaux grandissant) et des métaux qui consomment toujours plus d'énergie sous l'effet de leur épuisement
Recherches sur les prieurés réguliers, monastiques et canoniaux des anciens diocèses de Chalon et Mâcon : (Xe - XIVe siècles) by Patrick Defontaine( )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The study presented here is the result from an inventory of the priories in the former dioceses of Chalon and Macon, closely dependent on the metropolis of Lyon .This territory corresponds to the main roads of the former realm of Burgundy. Among the 183 priories which have been retained, only 69 depended on Cluny, all the others belonged to the other monastic or canonic families of St Augustine's order. The majority of these priories was mentioned for the first time by sources from late ninth and beginning of tenth century.The data collected have allowed to draw a map of the implanted sites in the form of a poster attached to the thesis and an index of the sources which are, for the most part, hand-written in latin. Priories built 200 churches or chapels. Some were reserved exclusively to the use of munks, others had a mixed function shared between parishes. The work in the field rested on outside and inside architectural aspects, the carved decorations of the capitals and low-reliefs or tympanums, together with the most significative frescoes of the 99 buildings still existing. The life inside the priory was rythmed by the regular prayers of the canonic hours. It has been possible to compare several liturgic manuscripts, among which the Saint Victor-sur-Rhin breviary with its famous illuminations.The social background of the munks, sisters and canons was mainly from the neighbouring feudal families which also represented the parents who gave the most numerous and important donations . We have also found donations made by middle-class families, wealthy farmers and some villeins. The respect of the rules and official customs was to be associated with a vow of stability which prevented the passage of munks and canons from dependence on one abbey to another. Proof has been made of a operation of these secular clerics with secular priests in the cur animanum of the congregation and in the supervision of local pilgrims, and well identified for the services expected of them by churchgoers. Priories were often surrounded by walls and fortifications or directly set in castles they built or bought. These buildings originally designed as a protection against acquisitive squires turned priors into clerical squires, not very different from laymen on a judicial level. They rarely carried out “emancipations” but they exercised their rights, so it seems, with more flexibility. Munks and canons didn't proceed to the clearing of land because, for the most part , it had been done in the gallo-roman times .They started country-planning , making lanes, bridges, canals for windmills and fisherie . While promoting the cultivation of vineyards, they maintained a balance with the cultivation of cereal, cattle raising and the exploitation of forests. Detailed documents allow us to note lapses of conduct concerning monastic and canonic rules: mostly the lure of profit making, thefts, lack of restraint, concubinage, not reciting canonic hours ,assaulting fellow members and superiors. These faults were relatively rare compared to those known in other dioceses. The census of the global number of munks and canons amounted to a number varying from 580 to 720 people .A tendency to recruit in lower classes was mainly due to the consequences of the Black Plague and the Hundred years'war in the 14th century. The century was also the time when the Papacy was in Avignon then of the Big Schism in Occident. This was a time of disorder linked to the appointment of priors under the authority of the Pope in Avignon ,more interested in receiving the incomes of priories than insuring the maintenance and their spiritual authority .The canonic priories were composed of a minimum of 4 members whereas the monastic priories were often inhabited by 2 or 3 lay brothers .It happened that only one munk was present with the title and responsibilities of the management of what seemed to be a farm like any other. This general low number of people raises admiration as for the social and religious influence of the priories when they existed and for the deep memory transmitted to the population of the modern world
Identité, citoyenneté et politiques de la diversité en Grande-Bretagne de 2001 à 2007 by Marie-Hélène Abbadie-Guigue( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Depuis les attentats américains puis londoniens, le débat sur le multiculturalisme et l'identité britannique a gagné en intensité. La crise identitaire du pays, de plus en plus marqué par la diversité, altère le rapport à l'Autre, à la Nation. La politique de Tony Blair, à la tête du Parti Travailliste, devait permettre la mise en capacité de la multitude, par la promotion de la cohésion sociale, d'une plus grande égalité des chances et d'un vecteur commun : la britannicité, entendue comme citoyenneté active. Mais les fondements philosophiques qui ont œuvré à la construction de l'individu-citoyen en Grande-Bretagne tels que l'individualisme, le libéralisme ainsi que le passé impérial du pays constituent-ils un pré-requis favorable au succès de la politique multiculturelle du Premier Ministre et à la reconnaissance du citoyen ?
La tripolarisation territoriale en Bolivie : genèse et actualité by Sarah Castillo Camacho( )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trois agglomérations majeures caractérisent le système territorial bolivien en concentrant près de la moitié de la population et des emplois nationaux. Ce constat amène à s'interroger sur le rôle économique de cette tripolarisation territoriale face au succès économique de Potosi et Tarija, territoires riches en ressources naturelles. Dans ce travail, nous examinons l'actuelle tripolarisation par l'étude de l'histoire économique de l'émergence de ces trois pôles, puis en examinant les données économiques les plus récentes, de manière à expliquer les forces et les faiblesses de ce tripôle. Chacun des pôles se localise dans un contexte géographique original. La Paz où siège le gouvernement se situe dans la région montagneuse des hauts plateaux à l'Ouest. Santa Cruz, à environ 900 km de La Paz, se localise à l'Est, au centre des plaines amazoniennes. Cochabamba se situe entre les deux, dans les vallées intermédiaires du centre. Cette tripolarisation est relativement récente : la hiérarchie urbaine, longtemps dominée par une ville primatiale n'a donné une configuration tripolaire qu'au cours du dernier demi-siècle. La situation actuelle résulte en partie du cadre particulier de l'émergence du tripôle, liée aux territoires disposant des ressources naturelles ; l'analyse est conduite à partir d'indicateurs d'activité économique et du rôle international de ces territoires. L'approche économique, combinée avec des éléments géographiques, démographiques, historiques, politiques et de développement humain, permet de mettre à jour deux logiques distinctes, mais qui se complètent d'une manière originale : une forme de domination territoriale du tripôle La Paz - Cochabamba - Santa Cruz, à la fois permise et fragilisée par le rôle clé de l'exploitation des richesses naturelles de Potosi et Tarija
La sécurité, la fondation de l'Etat centrafricain : contribution à la recherche de l'état de droit by Augustin Jérémie Doui-Wawaye( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

“Ensuring order and security” is a deep-seated desire shared by the whole of humanity. It is therefore reasonable to devote this thesis to the place occupied by insecurity in public debate in the Central African Republic, a state covering roughly the same surface area as France. Security implies that the weight of fear or terror is removed. If order and security are to be genuinely ensured in the Central African Republic, more is required than the absence of bloodshed and the protection of each citizen's physical integrity. It is also essential that the rights of all be respected and that all citizens should be entitled to the protection of their rights as well as their possessions. Legal security is therefore a fundamental requirement, closely related to the rule of law, that is to say a state subject to the rule of law. This association is of course due to the strong bond existing between the notions of security and law, a bond which is highlighted by a judge: if security remains one of the goals assigned to law, through its pre-eminence the law is an effective means to guarantee security. Conventional wisdom today equates the rule of law with democracy. If democracy lies behind the reinforcement of the rule of law, and in particular through the principle that all citizens should be entitled to contribute directly or by means of their representatives to the voting of laws, for it to be effective, the rule of law must establish a legal protection system allowing laws to be passed free of all constraint
Place et enjeux des biens publics dans la Politique agricole commune : les apports d'une lecture institutionnaliste by François Gaël Lataste( Book )

3 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

During the debates about the future common agricultural policy for the 2014-2020 period, we noticed an increasingly use of the concept of public good in order to justify the continuation of this policy in a context of deregulation and economic liberalization.Drawing on an original theoretical framework that built at the crossroads of the French rural economy, of the former U.S. institutional economics and of the theory of regulation, this thesis proposes to examine the role played by the notion of public good dealing with a new agreement between the different actors and interests involved in the CAP debate.The first chapter of this thesis offers a state of the art of the concept of public good in economics and highlights the notion that finally appears somewhat stabilize in this area. In line with this first result, we propose to stabilize this concept for the rest of our argument by relying on a broader political economy framework of analysis.In the second chapter, we examine the origins of this notion in the European debates about the CAP, its interpretation by the European commission and its relationship with the concept of agricultural multifunctionality previously mobilized in these debates.Finally, we highlight through the last chapter , the existence of different interpretation of the concept of public good by some Member States and regions studied, linked with the interests defended by key stakeholder groups involved in the regional and national debates about the future CAP
Les agglomérations celtiques au IIIe siècle avant notre ère by Julie Clerc( )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study provides a synthesis of the data issued from Celtic settlements (“agglomération”) of the third century BC in the whole European area. Centered on bibliographical data, a large approach of the phenomenon of agglomeration was considered. This study focuses on identification and characterization of these settlements. Among forty-four sites initially selected to understand the emergence and the forms of these settlements, ten were cross-checked in order to clarify their functions and roles. This consideration of the data allows us to improve our understanding of economic and territorial organization of the Celtic society during the third century BC, but also increase our knowledge of the urbanization process in the Iron Age. Over the European area this phenomenon considerably renews the vision of Celtic society of the third century BC and its organization
Organisation discursive de la visite médiée de sites touristiques : théorisation contributionnelle et valorisation d'une praxis professionnelle by Olivier Meric( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The discourse produced in a guided tour stems from different communicative modalities which include the visit assisted by a socio-technical device and the visit guided by an education and visitor service officer. These two modalities show common characteristics of a guided tour; they also offer significant differences. These differences allow us to compile a corpus divided according to its modalities of production and the languages: written text by professionals of the tourism sector, in French and in Spanish. Several issues arise such as the genre taxonomy of the discourse linked to the specific field studied, the unit of the text segmentation which has to free itself from the scriptural or oral feature of the text production, the textual categorisation and indexation of the studied genre. Indeed, the characterisation parameter value must introduce an essential prototype in order to categorise and index the texts of the studied genres. Therefore, as a sign of social praxis, this research suits the text linguistic and discourse analysis theoretical framework. In addition, the selected methodology enlarges this theoretical background to the post-Gricean linguistics of contribution which allows to define the contribution as the unit of textual segmentation. Furthermore, the quantitative analysis of a selected text compilation is rooted in the discourse analysis and corpus linguistic approaches. The method followed here, which introduces textual segmentation rules such as qualitative manual annotation and quantitative analysis suggests structural patterns of each considered genre. Beyond the notable interest of categorising new specialized discourses, this investigation introduces a new analytical method. On the one hand, the methodological framework is the source of a segmentation, annotation, and indexation software development. On the other hand, it is the source of an application development recommending new modalities of guided tours where the priority is given to the elaboration of the discourse
Communication engageante et représentations sociales : une nouvelle articulation théorique by Amandine Zbinden( )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Notre travail de thèse s'inscrit à la jonction de trois axes théoriques traditionnellement disjoints : la persuasion (Bromberg et Trognon, 2006 ; Girandola, 2003), l'engagement (Joule et Beauvois, 1998, 2002) et les représentations sociales (Moscovici, 1961). En situation de communication engageante, les individus réalisent un acte préparatoire avant de prendre connaissance d'un message à visée persuasive. En ce qui concerne le concept des représentations sociales, les chercheurs étudient les croyances communément partagées par les membres d'un groupe et leur structure. La théorie du noyau central (Abric, 1976) pose qu'une représentation sociale est composée de deux types d'éléments : centraux vs. périphériques. L'intérêt de ce rapprochement théorique est d'allier plusieurs champs théoriques traditionnellement disjoints dans le processus lié au changement d'attitude et de comportement. L'idée centrale de notre travail peut être posée en ces termes : dans quelle mesure une procédure de communication engageante peut-elle être optimisée en activant des éléments centraux d'une représentation sociale dans l'acte préparatoire et le message ?
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Alternative Names
École doctorale LISIT 491.

École doctorale LISIT, Dijon.

ED 491.

ED LISIT, Dijon.


Université de Bourgogne. École doctorale Langages, Idées, Sociétés, Institutions, Territoires.

Université de Bourgogne. École doctorale LISIT 491.

French (38)

Italian (2)