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École doctorale d'Économie (Paris)

Overview
Works: 343 works in 384 publications in 2 languages and 663 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Other, Degree grantor, 996
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by École doctorale d'Économie (Paris)
Effets du confiage sur les enfants hôtes en Afrique subsaharienne by Karine Marazyan( Book )

2 editions published between 2011 and 2014 in French and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This PhD dissertation studies the effect of child fostering, which consists for parents of sending one of their children to another home, on host children's welfare in Cameroon and Senegal. The main channel through which an effect is expected is the variation of the amount of resources host parents invest in their own children. Such a variation depends crucially on the extent to which the costs linked to the caring of the foster ¬child are compensated. Therefore, to answer the question raised, we adopt an empirical approach. The latter is however challenged by one major issue: the potential selection of the host household. As a consequence, to estimate the effect of interest we implement two strategies: the instrumentation of the presence of a foster child in a household and the comparison within the same host household of different groups of biological children. We show that in Cameroon, host children are not affected in terms of their school enrolment by the presence of school-age girls fostered in by obligations. In Senegal, children do not seem either to be affected in terms of their probability to have ever been enrolled in a formai school by the presence of non-biological children. But it seems that girls are more likely to be currently enrolled in school if they grow up with a particular group of non-biological children: foster-children who are explicitly recognized as so and who are hosted potentially because of the reciprocity requirement of a past fostering exchange. As a conclusion, it seems that households are able to develop strategies ex-post or ex-ante to absorb the shock linked to the arrival of a foster-child
Institutions financières, migrations et inégalités en Chine by Maëlys de La Rupelle( Book )

3 editions published between 2011 and 2014 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse a pour thème principal le lien entre institutions et développement, et porte plus spécifiquement sur les droits sur la terre et les migrations internes en Chine. Deux questions nous intéressent: la réforme des institutions peut-elle transformer en profondeur la société, et influer durablement sur les inégalités ? Comment les institutions affectent-elles les comportements individuels et à travers eux le développement ? Les trois décennies de la période maoïste ont précisément eu pour ambition d'intervenir dans la transmission des inégalités. Or nous montrons que les petits-enfants des ménages qui étaient les plus pauvres dans les années 1940 ont, au début du vingt-et-unième siècle, accès à moins de terre et d'éducation que les autres. Dans de rares régions, où la révolution a bénéficié de ressources additionnelles, et que le trajet de la Longue Marche identifie, nous observons une situation inverse: les fils des anciens paysans pauvres ont aujourd'hui accès à une plus grande superficie agricole. Dans ce contexte de persistance en matière d'accès à la terre, la migration a un potentiel fort en matière de développement des campagnes. Cependant, la migration est fortement contrainte par un ensemble d'institutions. Hukou, droits fonciers, contrôle des naissances sont autant d'obstacles pouvant ôter aux ruraux la possibilité d'une installation définitive en ville. Nous montrons comment l'insécurité des droits de propriété fonciers, qui remet en cause le principal actif des ménages ruraux, et la restriction des naissances, qui réduit la taille des familles, et donc les ressources permettant de faire face aux exigences agricoles, réduisent la durée de la migration
Épargner, Hériter, Divorcer : essais sur les inégalités de patrimoine et de niveaux de vie en France by Bertrand Garbinti( Book )

3 editions published between 2016 and 2017 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first chapter of this dissertation deals with the link between saving rate and income. Our results show consistently that saving rate is positively correlated with both current and permanent incomes. The second chapter focuses on the link between intergenerational transmissions and home purchase on one hand, and firm creation on the other hand. We show that households who received a gift or a bequest buy more often their primary residence. For the creation or the buyout of a firm, gifts also exhibit a significant effect while bequests do not. In the third chapter, we explore a new way to leverage the receipt of an inheritance as a plausible exogenous wealth shock, by relying on the precise timing of receipt. We find that, at any age between 55 and 65, chances of current labor market exit are significantly higher among individuals who inherit at that age than among those who inherit in the next few years. In the last chapter, we study the economic consequences of marital disunions. We interestingly show that both women and men support a loss in average, but still of larger magnitude for women. Results also suggest that, contrary to the common belief, the number of children only play a minor role in the explanations of the large women's impoverishment. The share of couple's resources each spouse provides before divorce is the main driver. Child support payments, public transfers and the massive labor market reentry of inactive women mitigate but do not cancel post-divorce gender inequalities
Les électeurs censitaires parisiens des années 1840 et leur devenir : richesse, inégalités, mobilités économique et géographique by Jean-Brieux Delbos( Book )

2 editions published between 2014 and 2016 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This economic history dissertation aims to analyse quantitatively the links between wealth and economic and geographic mobility in France from the 1840s to the 1880s through the study of franchised Parisian voters of the 1840s. To do so, an original dataset has been built by matching different sources so as to follow the multiple trajectories of the individuals who belong to this particularly rich and politically important group over time. Short-term individual mobility is observed by matching individuals across electoral lists from the last years of the July Monarchy. Long-term mobility is revealed by exploiting the Parisian tables of successions and absences (TSA). These contain information about the wealth at death of individuals. Both in the short- and long-run, economic and geographic mobility proves to be considerable, raising serious questions about the long-held idea of a close and stable elite group. Parisian franchised voters appear to be an instant class, with a large heterogeneity that was continuously renewed under the effect of powerful economic mechanisms that have been highlighted in a series of econometric regressions. Beyond the franchised electorate, the group of the wealthy individuals who appear in the Parisian TSA shows the massive extent of mobility in the 19th century: only half of these individuals were on the 1845 franchise lists considered at the national level. Taken as a whole, our results lead to renew the debate about the elites and wealth
Human Capital, Life Expectancy, and Economie Development by Laura Leker( Book )

3 editions published between 2015 and 2016 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dans un article de 1967, Ben-Porath a mis en évidence qu'un allongement de l'espérance de vie rendait plus rentable l'investissement en éducation. Cependant, la validité empirique de ce mécanisme au niveau macroéconomique est contestée. Le chapitre introductif de la thèse propose une revue de la littérature et discute les difficultés rencontrées pour définir une stratégie empirique pour tester l'effet Ben-Porath. La thèse apporte une contribution théorique en proposant des modélisations de l'effet Ben-Porath dont les simulations donnent une magnitude réaliste. Le chapitre 2 développe un modèle OLG dans lequel la décision d'éducation est prise selon un marchandage intergénérationnel, contrairement aux modèles existants qui supposent que la décision d'éducation revient soit entièrement au parent, soit entièrement à l'enfant. L'introduction d'un tel marchandage influe sur la dynamique de long-terme de l'économie, en particulier sur la probabilité qu'il existe une trappe à pauvreté ou une zone de croissance perpétuelle. Le chapitre 3 développe un modèle de décision d'éducation avec rendements minceriens et horizon de vie incertain. Une simulation du modèle donne une fourchette de la magnitude attendue de l'effet Ben-Porath : un gain d'une année d'espérance de vie incite à investir 0.25 à 0.4 années d'éducation supplémentaires. La thèse apporte également une contribution empirique en évaluant l'effet Ben-Porath sur un panel de pays de 1900 à 1980 (chapitre 3), et sur un panel de départements français sur la 2nde moitié du XIXème siècle (chapitre 4). Les résultats donnent tous un coefficient de Ben-Porath entre 0.15 et 0.4, ce qui correspond à l'effet théorique attendu d'après la simulation du modèle du chapitre 3
Four essays on productivity, competition and labour relations = Quatre essais sur la productivité, la concurrence et les relations sociales by Rémy Lecat( Book )

3 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis emphasises the role of individual firm data in explaining the dynamics of productivity through four chapters: 1) It contributes to the correct measurement of total factor productivity (TFP). In most estimates, TFP is procyclical, displaying increasing return to scale in the short run. Imperfect competition may be one explanation for this stylised fact. However, taking correctly into account factor utilisation, and in particular capital operating time, leads to estimating constant returns to scale. 2) Individual firm data allows to measure convergence of productivity among firms, which is an important component of productivity dynamics at the macroeconomic level, especially in France. A significant convergence is found, which however has slowed during the 2nd half of the 1990s : already highly-productive firms have benefitted the most from ICT and globalisation, while increasing competition fostered innovation in these firms. 3) The relationship between regulation, and more precisely barrieto entry, competition and productivity in the service sector is addressed. Indeed, regulation has a complex impact on productivity, which can run through different channels. Individual firm data allows isolating the impact of barriers to entry on competition, as reflected by mark-ups, and then of competition on productivity. 4) The role of labour relations has been emphasised mostly through case studies. Through an original firm-level survey, deteriorated labour relations are shown to have a negative impact on productivity, but only when they can rely on regulation. On the contrary, branch or firm agreements make it possible to overcome the constraints of regulation
Trois essais en microéconomie de la finance et de la banque by Jean-Édouard Colliard( Book )

2 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation includes three theory papers studying how institutional and regulatory frictions on financial markets can explain their dysfunctions, from temporary illiquidity episodes to full-fledged financial crises. This agenda, associated to what is sometimes called institutional finance is developed here through several applications : the regulation of banks, the revelation of information on financial markets, and the dynamics of limit order markets. The common theme of these papers is to show how financial markets are affected by the interaction of small frictions and strategic behavior, and, when applicable, study possible remedies
Essays on gender issues in developing countries by Vibhuti Mendiratta( Book )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The relative status of women in the developing world is poor, compared to developed countries. I focus on some of these issues in India and Benin in this thesis. In the first paper, I find that adverse negative rainfall shocks (in gestation and first year after birth) negatively impact height for age and weight for age for both girls and boys aged 1-3 years old in rural India. I find no evidence of gender discrimination. There are many policies that could be implemented to mitigate gender bias. Electrification has been shown to benefit women by relieving their time burden. I find that India's expansion in rural household electrification in the 1980s and '90s brought significant gains to consumption and earnings, the latter through changes in market labor supply for men. In addition, women living in households without electricity benefit from village electrification. Finally, in the last paper, I find that in anticipation of a land registration program implemented by the Beninese government in 294 villages between 2008 and 2011, some women are denied control rights over land while others experience a reduction in their status from that of an independent cultivator to that of a tenant who is farming land belonging to another person. NB: some of the work is joint with other authors
Essais sur les contraintes de crédit, le commerce et les investissements à l'étranger by Thibault Fally( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two concerns motivate this thesis: the impact of financial constraints and the impact of trade liberalization on firm decisions. This thesis primarily belongs to the fields of international trade and economic development. In the first chapter, we study the impact of financial constraints on entrepreneurship. We find that access to finance matters most for the entry of small firms and in sectors that are more dependent upon external finance. On the other hand, financial development has either no effect or a negative effect on entry by large firms. Access to finance also helps new firms expand if successful. In the second chapter, we analyze how financial constraints affect sourcing strategies of multinational firms. In particular, we show that financial development generates a comparative advantage in the supply of complex goods, and that multinationals are more likely to integrate suppliers located in countries with poor financial institutions, especially when trade involves complex goods. In the third chapter, we study the effect of foreign direct investment and the introduction of a new technology in host economies. When the foreign technology requires specific inputs that are not compatible with the domestic technology, it can generate negative effects on domestic firms and consumer welfare, even if the foreign technology is more efficient than the domestic technology. Lastly, we show in the fourth chapter that proximity to consumers and proximity to suppliers have a large impact on wages across regions in Brazil, even after controlling for individual characteristics, market access source (international, national or local), and using instrumental variables
Le développement économique en Afrique dans le temps long de I'histoire = African economic development in the long run of history by Yannick Dupraz( Book )

2 editions published between 2016 and 2017 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Partant de l'hypothèse que la situation économique contemporaine des pays d'Afrique subsaharienne peut s'expliquer en faisant référence à leur passé colonial, cette thèse étudie le développement économique de l'Afrique dans la longue durée, notamment à travers le prisme de la comparaison franco-britannique. Le premier chapitre étudie dynamiquement le fonctionnement des Etats coloniaux en Afrique de l'Ouest en s'appuyant sur une nouvelle base de données sur les finances publiques coloniales de 4 colonies britanniques et 9 colonies françaises. Le deuxième chapitre aborde la question des héritages coloniaux français et britannique en matière d'éducation, et utilise la division du Cameroun allemand entre les Français et les Britanniques au lendemain de la Première Guerre Mondiale comme une expérience naturelle permettant d'identifier l'effet de l'identité du colonisateur et son évolution au cours du XXe siècle. Le troisième chapitre se demande quels facteurs expliquent la baisse de la polygamie en Afrique de l'Ouest au XXe siècle, et utilise l'essor des dépenses publiques d'éducation au Cameroun dans les années 1950 pour identifier l'effet de l'éducation des filles sur le marché du mariage
Dynamique de l'offre productive : diffusion technologique, jeunes entreprises, migrants by Pierre-Yves Cabannes( Book )

2 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On propose, chapitre 1, un modèle néo-schumpeterien de diffusion technologique où l'externalité positive liée à la diffusion à un effet indirect négatif, transitant par l'équilibre du marché du capital et agissant sur la probabilité d'adoption des technologies. Quatre régimes de croissance de long terme apparaissent. Chapitre 2, on étudie les liens entre le progrès technique, la diffusion technologique et l'éducation. On regarde la robustesse des résultats de Benhabib et Spiegel (2005). Nos résultats sont contradictoires avec les leurs sur la diffusion technologique mais l'effet du niveau d'éducation sur la croissance de la PGF apparaît positif. Chapitre 3, on étudie la relation en France entre la taille initiale d'une entreprise et sa survie ultérieure. La relation obtenue entre l'emploi initial et le taux de cessation d'activité est originale dans la littérature internationale. Chapitre 4, on évalue l'effet sur la durée de vie des entreprises de l'ACCRE. C'est une exonération de cotisations sociales d'un an, accordée après un processus de sélection. Tenant compte de cette endogénéité, on obtient que l'effet causal de l'ACCRE est non-significatif. Chapitre 5, on s'intéresse à l'effet des flux migratoires internationaux sur la croissance du PIB par tête. L'effet du solde migratoire est meilleur que celui du solde démographique naturel, mais son impact total est non-significatif. Enfin, chapitre 6, on étudie les différences concernant les entreprises créées en France selon la nationalité du créateur. On propose une méthode de décomposition des écarts de survie en une part imputable aux observables et une part liées aux inobservables. Cette dernière est prépondérante
Modèles de résolution approchée et efficace pour les problèmes des réseaux de transport et de télécommunication by Adel Bouchakhchoukha( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The need to save time as well as minimize effort is part of the human condition and it has driven our though s from antiquity until these last few decades, now characterized by the emergence of a mix in all fields between rapidity of calculation and precision in the result. The vehicle routing problem and its extensions are an important field for theorists of these utilities for real-world applications. Recent research in the field has led to significant advantages in problem formulation and designing algorithm analyses. This study considers logistics problems. A particular locus was given to a certain case of telecommunications networks 2ECONNDPR, as well as the method of intelligently creating designs to ensure vitality and durability in information circulation. Furthermore, the study considered vehicle routing problems, with time windows and orienteering problems from the VRP and OP families, respectively. This is the framework for this thesis. Solutions to these problems use programming techniques known for their calculation speed, i .e ., Beam-search and very large-scale neighborhood searching. First, a detailed study is presented of these above mentioned problems, along with the various types or resolution methods. Next, a very large-scale neighborhood search method is presented, suited to the design of a survivable network with relay, a proposition for a three-stage heuristic for the capacitated vehicle routing problem with time windows and, finally, a proposition for a hybrid heuristic for the team orienteering problem
De la puissance de la modération involontaire aux réputations harmonieuses : monographie des actions des intermédiaires locaux de la politique sociale d'EDF, des acteurs faibles en statut mais riches de leurs capitaux symboliques by Jean-Marc Lairaudat( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

EDF, like many other public monopolies in France, has seen its status change in recentyears. At the same time companies are meeting new social problems, the EDF electrician is increasingly facing unpaid bills. The values of the company EDF, historically focused on social aspects, are questioned at this time of crisis while people may face more and more risks in their daily lives. In this context, we think it is worthwhile studying the notion of reputation and analyzing how it is built locally in terms of social interaction between the company and its customers. Between "saying" and "doing", identity and ethics, EDF values and actions are constantly being judged. The reputation of EDF as, a solidarity-based company, is at stake.The positioning and the nature of the “Intermediaries” have a major role to play in reconfiguration EDF reputation, still as a “social” company in the local territories. Because Intermediaries are anchored with the reality, their actions make the relationship between the customers and the energy distributor more balanced and harmonious. The role of Intermediaries remains significant despite the evolution of the concept of territory. Indeed, they now have access to new digital arenas - such as social networks that enlarge the reputations market - where they can benefit from their symbolic capital which is as crucial as unique for EDF reputation.This study analyse and compare five case studies to address two interrelated research questions: Within their respective contexts, to what extent do the actions of local Intermediaries have an impact on the perception of the customers and therefore on the harmonious and positive social reputation of EDF? And conversely, to what extend are theactions of the local Intermediaries influenced by the reputation of solidarity policy of the company? In an actionalist approach, our sociological interpretation will be positioned around the central assumption that reputation spreads between local areas and the broader sphere in aclose correlation with the actions and attitudes of Intermediaries
Essais sur les catastrophes naturelles by Yanos Zylberberg( Book )

2 editions published between 2011 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis looks at reallocation of resources in the aftermath of natural disasters. The first part investigates the patterns of voluntary redistribution in small Vietnamese villages affected by a wave of tropical typhoons. The influence of needy families affects the reallocation process. In particular, the degree of redistribution is smaller when the distribution of losses is skewed in favour of spared families. When affected households are in the minority, they do not put enough pressure on the rest of the community and cannot extract a large compensation from them. The second part of this thesis analyzes the macroeconomic distortions induced by natural disasters. Capital losses of the order of 1 € generates economic slack of 40 cents. A temporary decrease of productivity is responsible for at least 2/3 of this production slowdown. This part also illustrates the importance of financial frictions in the immediate recovery after a shock. Affected entrepreneurs may lose access to credit as a result of their capital losses. Differential responses of economies following catastrophes are greatly explained by this dimension
Essais sur les conflits de groupe et le développement économique by Seyhun Orcan Sakalli( Book )

2 editions published between 2015 and 2017 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Étude des effets locaux d'équilibre général des programmes de transferts monétaires conditionnels by Michael Christian Lehmann( Book )

2 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ma thèse de doctorat étudie la façon dont les transferts monétaires affectent l'équilibre de l'économie locale, et comment cela affecte à son tour la population du village (y compris les ménages non-ciblés par le programme TMC). Dans le chapitre 1, j'étudie la relation entre les effets locaux d'équilibre général et de la consommation. Prenant l'exemple de l'expérience aléatoire de Progresa, j'étudie ce qui peut être appris sur l'effet de ce programme sur la consommation si les données expérimentales sont analysées dans un cadre d'équilibre général. Dans le chapitre 2, j'étudie les effets d'équilibre général locaux d'un autre type (populaire) de programme de transferts monétaires conditionnels visant à transformer la vie des pauvres de la société : les transferts monétaires en faveur des micro-entreprises. Alors que les effets de ce type d'intervention sur les bénéficiaires ont reçu une attention considérable dans la littérature, leurs effets d'équilibre général au niveau local ont été presque totalement ignorés. J'utilise un modèle structurel et une expérience aléatoire pour étudier les effets d'équilibre locaux des transferts monétaires pour des ménages appauvris par des années de guerre civile en Ouganda. Dans le chapitre 3, j'explore les implications des effets d'équilibre général locaux pour des variables autres que la consommation. J'étudie plus en profondeur les implications pour l'offre de travail. En outre, je pose la question: Quel est l'effet redistributif d'un programme de transferts monétaires au niveau local? Enfin, le chapitre 3 examine également la façon dont les effets d'équilibre général locaux peuvent affecter la population en dehors du village
Croissance des crédits, bilans bancaires, prix d'actifs et stabilité financière by Cyril Pouvelle( Book )

2 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation analyses three kinds of determinants of credit growth with the aim of assessing their sustainability and the extent of credit constraints in the economy. The first paper addresses the relationship between economic development and credit growth and proposes a worldwide benchmark to assess the “normal” growth of credit justified by fundamentals. In this regard, credit growth is shown to have been excessive in several Central and South Eastern European countries in the run-up to the 2008-2009 financial crisis and may have contributed to deepening the effects of the world crisis in these countries. Then, this dissertation sheds light on the precautionary motives that lie at the roots of the build-up of bank capital buffers and that exacerbate the cyclical behavior of credit. A contribution to the literature is the result that capital buffers exacerbate rather than reduce the cyclical behaviour of credit in periods of high credit risk, all the more as better quality capital is considered. Finally, the effect of asset prices on credit growth is analysed through panel data regressions on French banks with a distinction between tranquil and financial instability periods. The results suggest that stock price growth has a significant effect on lending growth over the whole period, but without credit supply factors being singled out. By contrast, housing price growth has a significant effect during periods of financial instability only, even after controlling for credit demand effects. These results are interpreted as evidence of tighter credit constraints on households in financial instability periods
Four Essays on the Economics of Road Risks in India by Carole Treibich( Book )

2 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ma thèse a pour objectif de mieux cerner les facteurs environnementaux et comportementaux des accidents de la route en Inde. Dans ce but, une base de données de panel couvrant les états indiens sur une période de douze ans a été construite. Une enquête ménage parmi les utilisateurs de deux roues a aussi été mise en place à Delhi en 2011, afin de surmonter l'absence de données individuelles sur les habitudes en matière de sécurité routière. Le Chapitre 1 est une étude macroéconomique sur le sous continent indien. Les résultats suggèrent que l'Inde devrait investir plus particulièrement dans les infrastructures routières; dans la mise en application stricte du code de la route ainsi que dans des programmes de prévention routière. Le reste de mon analyse se concentre sur les motards. Le Chapitre 2 présente l'enquête. Dans le Chapitre 3, j'explore l'influence des questions et des enquêteurs sur les préférences individuelles pour le risque élicitées. Dans le Chapitre 4, un modèle théorique sur l'influence de l'aversion au risque sur les activités de prévention est tout d'abord adapté au contexte de la sécurité routière. L'examen des données montre que plus un conducteur est averse au risque plus il est enclin à porter le casque. Les passagers semblent adapter l'utilisation du casque à leur environnement et en particulier aux compétences de leurs conducteurs. Dans le Chapitre 5, je montre que les expériences passées d'accidents de la route ou d'arrestations policières impactent les anticipations subjectives. La crainte d'être blessé accroît le port du casque pour les trajets longs, tandis que la menace policière influe sur l'utilisation du casque sur de plus courtes distances
Trois essais en politique monétaire et flux de capitaux dans un monde globalisé by Mouhamadou Sy( Book )

2 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of this PhD thesis, which consists of three chapters in the area of international monetary macroeconomics, is to study the triptych of globalization17, monetary policy and capital flows. Monetary policy in open economies takes a central place in it. At the heart of the thesis, however, are the causal links between globalization, monetary policy and capital flows. The first chapter concerns the link between monetary policy and globalization. It attempts explaining the origins of the global disinflation. The second chapter studies how imbalances in the balance of payments arise in a monetary union. It places the focus on the Dutch disease and its compatibility with the intertemporal approach to the current account. The third chapter studies what causes variations in real exchange rates in developing countries and also places the focus on the Dutch disease syndrome by unifying it with the theory of the transfer paradox. The three chapters are based in three big international debates. The first one is linked to the conduct of monetary policy in a world which has become very interconnected, in the commercial and financial sector. The second is connected to the economic and financial crisis in the euro area. The third touches on the debate on the efficiency of development aid in the light of the objectives of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG)
Syndicats, négociations, ou capitalisme familial : effets sur les salaires et la protection de l'emploi by Thomas Breda( Book )

2 editions published between 2011 and 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

My PhD thesis examines the economic impact of labor unions and family firms. It first looks at the effect of firm-level union recognition on the structure of wages. l show that workers in firms in which there is a union representative are paid on average 3 % more than their counterparts in firms without unions. These gains increase to approximately 10 % in firms having rents and\or a strong proportion of unionized employees. The presence of a union representative is also associated with a small wage compression, more important gains for blue-collar workers and older employees, as well as a stabilization of the workforce. l then model the decisions of the workers to become a union representative or a simple union member and the strategic interactions existing between the union representative and her employer during the negotiations. l develop a probabilistic method to break down the wages of union members depending on them being a union representative or not and l find that union representatives are paid on average 10% less than their coworkers (both union and nonunion members). Several tests suggest that this result reflects a rational discrimination from the employers against the representatives. Finally, we show using panel data that wages are 5% lower in the family firms. This gap reflects for 2% a selection of the least competent workers in the family firms. The residual gap is compensated by a better job protection: the real and perceived rates of dismissals are indeed weaker in family firms
 
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Alternative Names
École doctorale 465

École doctorale 465 Économie Panthéon-Sorbonne <EPS>.

École doctorale 465 Économie Panthéon Sorbonne (Paris)

École doctorale Économie Panthéon-Sorbonne.

École doctorale Économie (Paris)

ED 465

ED465

EPS.

Université Paris 1. École doctorale Économie Panthéon-Sorbonne.

Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. École doctorale Économie Panthéon-Sorbonne.

Languages
English (26)

French (15)