WorldCat Identities

Arthaud, Florent

Overview
Works: 3 works in 4 publications in 2 languages and 31 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Florent Arthaud
L'eau à découvert by Luc Abbadie( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Indispensable à la régulation du climat, au développement de la vie sur Terre, au maintien des écosystèmes, aux populations, au développement de l'agriculture, de l'industrie comme à la production d'énergie, l'eau est un élément vital. Il convient donc, dans un contexte de changement global, d'analyser dans toute sa diversité la place et le rôle de l'eau et de se donner ainsi les moyens de mieux la préserver. Autour de cet enjeu qui engage toute l'humanité, Agathe Euzen, Catherine Jeandel et Rémy Mosseri ont réuni près de cent cinquante contributions, visant à apporter un éclairage sur chacun des domaines et des approches que couvre cette thématique. Quelle est l'origine de l'eau? Son rapport avec l'apparition de la vie? Quel rôle a-t-elle joué dans l'histoire de la planète et dans le développement de la vie végétale, animale et humaine? Quel est son cycle? Quelles sont ses propriétés chimiques? Comment les sociétés se sont-elles emparées de cet élément précieux? Allons-nous manquer d'eau? L'eau est-elle source de conflits? Comment l'eau est-elle gérée? Comment recycle-t-on une eau polluée? Quels sont les risques pour la santé mondiale? Quels sont les grands enjeux liés à l'eau au xxie siècle? Comprendre et proposer des solutions à ces défis majeurs est l'intention de cet ouvrage
Fonctionnement des étangs en réponse aux stress et perturbations d'origine anthropique : diversité, structure et dynamique des communautés végétales by Florent Arthaud( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

One important issue of research in Ecology is to understand how anthropogenic activities are influencing biodiversity and what are the consequences on ecosystem functioning. The aim of the study is to improve the knowledge of the mechanisms governing aquatic plant communities, particularly those related to human disturbance and eutrophication. Meta-ecosystems constituted by networks of fish-farming shallow lakes are study models adapted to our problematic because they are submitted to a strong anthropogenic pressure and because they show a high environmental variability. First, we studied the impact of watershed management practices on shallow lakes eutrophication. In a second step, we measured eutrophication effect on productivity and on diversity of phytoplankton communities. Finally, we were able to link 3 types of constraints generated by human practices (eutrophication, drying and connectivity between shallow lakes) to aquatic plant communities in terms of specific and functional diversity. The impact of eutrophication, recruitment and establishment of aquatic plant communities has been approached through the relationship between the seed bank and established vegetation. Eutrophication is the major factor responsible for the loss of plant biodiversity in shallow lakes. However frequent disturbances due to drying events induce a cyclic succession that helps maintain a high biodiversity
Is eutrophication really a major impairment for small waterbody biodiversity?( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Eutrophication remains a major stress for freshwater biodiversity. Its deleterious consequences on biodiversity are well documented for large waterbodies. However, the impact of eutrophication may differ in smaller waterbodies, such as ponds and small lakes, which generally support naturally high levels of nutrients in lowlands. Furthermore, this response could depend on the scale considered, from local (individual waterbody, alpha diversity) to regional (the network of waterbodies, gamma diversity). It is also unclear whether the richness of threatened species responds in the same way as the richness of the whole assemblage. The present study investigates local- and regional-scale consequences of eutrophication on taxonomic richness (all taxa) and conservation value (threatened taxa) in temperate lowland small waterbodies. Five taxonomic groups were investigated: macrophytes, gastropods, water beetles, adult dragonflies and amphibians, in a set of natural waterbodies and a set of enriched waterbodies covering a large nutrient gradient from mesotrophic to hypertrophic conditions. Globally, our study did not reveal consistent, systematic responses to eutrophication. For macrophytes, the richness and conservation value suffered from eutrophication at both local and regional scales. In contrast, for amphibians and gastropods, eutrophication did not impair biodiversity at the local nor the regional scale. Dragonflies and water beetles showed intermediate situations, with an impairment by eutrophication varying according to the type of waterbodies considered. At the regional scale, each trophic status, even the nutrient richest, brought an original contribution to biodiversity. Synthesis and applications. The management of eutrophication for small lowland waterbodies has to be considered differently than for lakes. For an individual waterbody (the local scale), nutrient enrichment is not necessarily a major impairment and its impact depends on the taxonomic group considered. Conversely, at the landscape scale, eutrophication is a major pressure on small waterbody biodiversity, especially because nutrient-rich small waterbodies are dominant in the landscape. Therefore, conservation efforts should integrate the notion of pond regional networks or 'pondscapes', where the regional biodiversity is supported by a mosaic of trophic conditions, and promote the presence of less rich waterbodies
 
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Audience Level
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Audience level: 0.82 (from 0.81 for L'eau à d ... to 0.96 for L'eau à d ...)

Alternative Names
Arthaud, Florent Jean

Languages