WorldCat Identities

MacLaughlin, Dawn

Overview
Works: 19 works in 40 publications in 1 language and 90 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Academic theses 
Roles: Author, Contributor, Editor
Classifications: HV2474, 419
Publication Timeline
.
Most widely held works by Dawn MacLaughlin
Proceedings of the 19th annual Boston University conference on language development by Boston University Conference on Language Development( Book )

7 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proceedings of the 19th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development by 1994, Boston, Mass.) Conference on Language Development (19( Book )

7 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The structure of determiner phrases : evidence from American Sign Language by Dawn MacLaughlin( )

6 editions published between 1997 and 2000 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The syntax of American Sign Language : functional categories and hierarchical structure by Carol Jan Neidle( Book )

2 editions published between 2001 and 2008 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annotation
Who do you think I am? by Dawn McLaughlin( Book )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Responsibility of Linguistic Theory to Second Language Acquisition Data by Dawn MacLaughlin( Book )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper focuses on second language (L2) acquisition, and the extent to which Universal Grammar (UG) accounts for second language learners' behavior. A comparison of L2 research, especially research conducted within the UG framework, with first language (L1) research, reveals a striking difference in the evaluation of L2 results: while L1 acquisition data is used to influence linguistic theory, L2 data are rarely, if ever, used to influence linguistic theory. Anaphoric binding is described to illustrate the importance of a bidirectional, rather than unidirectional view of L2 research. Theoretical assumptions behind the binding theory research of Hirakawa (1990) and Finer (1991) are identified: (1) anaphoric binding involves a parameter whose values generate languages in a subset relation; (2) the Subset Principle should guide the learner in acquiring this parameter, so that the smallest value compatible with the data is adopted; and (3) negative evidence is not useable in L2 acquisition. It is shown that experimental results from L2 learners of English with Japanese speakers studied by Hirakawa (1990) and with Korean, Japanese, and Hindi speakers studied by Finer (1991), in combination with their theoretical assumptions, lead to a sequence of acquisition that is predicted to be impossible. However, adopting an alternative binding theory, one that assumes a bidirectional view of the observed acquisition sequence, removes the paradox presented by the L2 acquisition data. (Contains 24 references.) (JP)
Second Language Acquisition and the Subset Principle by Dawn MacLaughlin( Book )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The idea is explored that the Subset Principle is available to first language learners but not to second language learners, and that this difference is responsible at least in part, for the fossilization that seems to be characteristic of second language acquisition. Several experiments are reviewed where it has been concluded that the parameter setting in second language acquisition fails to obey the Subset Principle. These studies involve the Case Adjacency, Configurationality, and Governing Category parameters. In each case, it is suggested that the parameter assumed to be involved is not, in fact, a subset parameter. Consequently, the experimental results are not relevant to the Subset Principle. It is also suggested that even if these studies did involve subset parameters, there is an alternative interpretation under which the Subset Principle may still be operative. (Contains 37 references.) (JP)
BBN: Description of the PLUM System as Used for MUC-5( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Traditional approaches to the problem of extracting data from texts have emphasized hand-crafted linguistic knowledge. In contrast, BBN's PLUM system (Probabilistic Language Understanding Model) was developed as part of an ARPA-funded research effort on integrating probabilistic language models with more traditional linguistic techniques. Our research and development goals are: * more rapid development of new applications, * the ability to train (and re-train) systems based on user markings of correct and incorrect output, * more accurate selection among interpretations when more than one is found, and * more robust partial interpretation when no complete interpretation can be found. We began this research agenda approximately three years ago. During the past two years, we have evaluated much of our effort in porting our data extraction system (PLUM) to a new language (Japanese) and to two new domains. Three key design features distinguish PLUM: statistical language modeling, learning algorithms and partial understanding. The first key feature is the use of statistical modeling to guide processing. For the version of PLUM used in MUC-5, part of speech information was determined by using well-known Markov modeling techniques embodied in BBN's part-of-speech tagger POST [5]. We also used a correction model, AMED [3], for improving Japanese segmentation and part-of-speech tags assigned by JUMAN. For the microelectronics domain, we used a probabilistic model to help identify the role of a company in a capability (whether it is a developer, user, etc.). Statistical modeling in PLUM contributes to portability, robustness, and trainability. The second key feature is our use of learning algorithms both to obtain the knowledge bases used by PLUM's processing modules and to train the probabilistic algorithms. A third key feature is partial understanding. All components of PLUM are designed to operate on partially interpretable input
Universal Grammar and L2 Acquisition of Reflexive Binding Some Learners Acquire a Non-L1/Non-Target System by Dawn MacLaughlin( Book )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It is proposed here that second language learners can acquire a system of reflexive binding, both local and long-distance, that is different from that found in their native language, and individual subject data are offered to support this claim. First, some general properties of the syntactic behavior of reflexives and reflexive constructions are outlined, and results of previous second-language research on acquisition of English reflexives are summarized. Data from another researcher's earlier study are then re-analyzed in terms of individual subjects, and it is demonstrated that some of the second language learners acquired a system of reflexive binding that is different from both the native language and the target language. Finally, the claim, made in other research, that transfer is the only developmental factor in the acquisition of English reflexives by non-native speakers is challenged. Contains 32 references. (MSE)
IRUS-II User Manual( Book )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This user's manual for the Irus-II natural language sys tem describes the capabilities of the different modes of the end user interface for Irus-II, including entering and editing queries, the history list, control of processing, viewing of the intermediate results, window management and the use of files of queries. There is a companion document to this one, A Guide to Irus-II Application Development, BBN Report 7144, intended for use by developers, that describes the internal operation of Irus-II, including the dictionary, domain model, semantic interpretation rules, and back-end translation rules. Irus-II is part of a larger system called Janus, which is composed of a number of seamless interface utilities, including understanding (provided by Irus-II), generation (provided by Spokesman), maps, and other graphics tools. (kr)
BBN's PLUM Probabilistic Language Understanding System( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Traditional approaches to the problem of extracting data from texts have emphasized hand-crafted linguistic knowledge In contrast, BBN's PLUM system (Probabilistic Language Understanding Model) was developed as part of an ARPA-funded research effort on integrating probabilistic language models with more traditional linguistic techniques. Our research and development goals are: * Achieving high performance in objective evaluations, such as the Tipster evaluations. * Reducing human effort in porting the natural language algorithms to new domains and to new languages. * Providing technology that is scalable to realistic applications. We began this research agenda approximately three years ago. During the past two years, we have ported our data extraction system (PLUM) to a new language (Japanese) and to two new domains
Research and Development in Natural Language Understanding as Part of the Strategic Computing Program. Volume 3. A Guide to IRUS-II Application Development. Revision( Book )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

IRUS-II is the understanding subsystem of the Janus natural language interface. IRUS-II is natural language understanding (NLU) shell. That is, it contains domain-independent algorithms, a large grammar of English, domain-independent semantic interpretation rules, and a domain-independent discourse component. In addition, several software aids are provided to customize the system to particular application domains. These software aids output the four knowledge bases necessary for IRUS-II to correctly interpret English utterances and generate appropriate code for simultaneous access to multiple application systems. This document describes the four knowledge bases and how to construct them. This is the third volume of a three volume final report. (kr)
Research and Development in Natural Language Understanding as Part of the Strategic Computing Program. Volume 2. IRUS-II User Manual. Revision( Book )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This user's manual for the Irus-II natural language system describes the capabilities of the different modes of the end user interface for Irus-II, including entering and editing queries the history list, control of processing, viewing of the intermediate results, window management and the use of files of queries. Irus-II, is part of a larger system called Janus, which is composed of a number of seamless interface utilities, including understanding (provided by Irus-II), generation (provided by Spokesman), maps, and other graphics tools. This is the second volume of a three volume final report. The different applications of IRUS require that the interface provide configurations for three different classes of users; (1) an end-user configuration that supports easy and flexible input, editing, and processing of typed or mouse-selected queries and commands; (2) developer configurations for natural language experts who are developing, testing, debugging, or updating IRUS; (3) pop up windows for query-response interactions that may be used in conjunction with other interfaces. The available IRUS interface configurations use the Symbolics Lisp Machine window system to provide multiple pane displays and mouse and keyboard input. The interface can be developed from the generic capabilities and illustrated below and tailored to the needs of a particular application. (Author) (kr)
Syntactic structure and discourse function : an examination of two constructions in American Sign Language( Book )

1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A Guide to IRUS-II Application Development( Book )

1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

IRUS-II is the understanding subsystem of the Janus natural language interface. IRUS-II is a natural language understanding (NLU) shell. That is, it contains domain-independent algorithms, a large grammar of English, domain-independent semantic interpretation rules, and a domain-independent discourse component. In addition, several software aids are provided to customize the system to particular application domains. These software aids output the four knowledge bases necessary for IRUS-II to correctly interpret English utterances and generate appropriate code for simultaneous access to multiple application systems. Natural language interfaces, User interfaces, Knowledge bases. (jes)
Proceedings of the 19th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development by Boston University Conference on Language Development( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Proceedings by Boston University Conference on Language Development( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

SignStream : Technical specifications for SignStream, a multilingual tool for language research by Dawn MacLaughlin( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The scrap happy guide to - paper piecing by Dawn McLaughlin( Book )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.74 (from 0.05 for The syntax ... to 0.99 for IRUS-II Us ...)

Proceedings of the 19th annual Boston University conference on language development Proceedings of the 19th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development Proceedings
Covers
Proceedings of the 19th Annual Boston University Conference on Language DevelopmentThe syntax of American Sign Language : functional categories and hierarchical structureProceedings
Alternative Names
McLaughlin, Dawn

Languages
English (40)