WorldCat Identities

Schintu, Selene (1982-....).

Works: 2 works in 2 publications in 1 language and 2 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Selene Schintu
Adaptation to Leftward Shifting Prisms Alters Motor Interhemispheric Inhibition( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract Adaptation to rightward shifting prisms (rightward prism adaptation, RPA) ameliorates neglect symptoms in patients while adaptation to leftward shifting prisms (leftward prism adaptation, LPA) induces neglect-like behaviors in healthy subjects. It has been hypothesized that prism adaptation (PA) modulates interhemispheric balance between the parietal cortices by inhibiting the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) contralateral to the prismatic deviation, but PA's effects on interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) have not been directly investigated. Since there are hyper-excitable connections between the PPC and primary motor cortex (M1) in the left hemisphere of neglect patients, we reasoned that LPA might mimic right hemisphere lesions by reducing parietal IHI, hyper-exciting the left PPC and PPC-M1 connections, and in turn altering IHI at the motor level. Namely, we hypothesized that LPA would increase IHI from the left to the right M1. We examined changes in left-to-right and right-to-left IHI between the 2 M1s using the ipsilateral silent period (iSP) (Meyer et al. 1995) before and after either LPA or RPA. The iSP was significantly longer after LPA but only from left-to-right and it did not change at all after RPA. This is the first physiological demonstration that LPA alters IHI in the healthy brain
The action of prism adaptation on intact visuospatial cognition : when time matters to space by Selene Schintu( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We are functionally and structurally asymmetric. The perfect symmetry we subjectively experience through vision of the space around us is, to some extent, an illusion. Visuospatial cognition, as indexed by performance on line bisection tasks, is generally biased leftward in healthy individuals and pathologically rightward after right brain damage causing unilateral spatial neglect (USN). These biases can be modulated and prism adaptation (PA) is capable of both alleviating USN symptoms and inducing a rightward shift (the so-called “neglect-like behavior”) in healthy individuals. How this type of sensorimotor adaptation modulates spatial cognition is still debated. The goal of this thesis was to use both behavioral and physiological approaches to investigate the underlying mechanisms of PA's effects on visuospatial cognition in healthy individuals. In a first behavioral study we found the presence of a temporal dynamic in PA after-effects. Based on this first finding we tested, over a longer period of time the PA after-effects following both right and leftward PA and unveiled, with the second study, different temporal dynamics depending on PA direction. In a third study we used transcranial magnetic stimulation to investigate the physiology underlying the effective visuospatial modulation induced by PA. The results of this thesis call for a refinement of the current models of PA action on visuospatial cognition
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