WorldCat Identities

Communauté d'universités et d'établissements Université Grenoble Alpes

Overview
Works: 3,349 works in 3,402 publications in 2 languages and 6,740 library holdings
Roles: Degree grantor, Other, 995
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Communauté d'universités et d'établissements Université Grenoble Alpes
L'urbain et la mort : ambiances d'une relation by Pascaline Thiolliere( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the turn of the 21st century, the funeral rituality in France undergoes a profound transformation that strongly questions the relationship between death and the city. The more frequent practices of cremation and ashes scattering express a rejection of cemeteries standardisation and constraints. The materiality of the ash leads to dematerialisation and more diffuse localisation of the dead. These are reinforced by the increasing use of digital media (memorial pages, social networks, virtual cemeteries) that open a new space-time framework for sustaining the relationship to the dead and participate in redefining the spatiality of grief. In addition, environmental considerations reveal today a new deviation in the field of funerary both in practice and at the level of representation.We assume that weaving our relationship to the dead passes across the body, its movements and gestures that materialise that relationship while creating a special ambiance. Therefore, from this sensory approach dealing with urban ambiances, constructed and landscaped arrangements are perceived as a way for setting the conditions on spatial, temporal and bodily levels, that participate in establishing the relationship to death and the dead, and partly shape the intimate experience of mourning. Thresholds, rhythms and gestures captured in urban spaces are levers for understanding and designing the relationship between death and the city.In this sense, we identify certain intentionalities that are particularly relevant for the experience of mourning (accompany/support, maintain/sustain, reflect/meditate, travel/progress), which are seen in the light of action possibilities related to the built and landscaped environment. This work helps to highlight the different gaps and resources, and to consider renewing the criteria upon which the design processes of spaces related to death on architectural and urban scales is based
Un intellectuel communiste illégitime : Roger Garaudy by Didier Gauvin( Book )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Après avoir atteint l'excellence en tant qu'intellectuel de parti stalinien pendant la Guerre froide, Roger Garaudy s'est construit comme intellectuel "véritable" contre la doxa du PCF qu'il était pourtant chargé d'incarner, à la faveur de son autonomisation suite au choc du XX° Congrès du PCUS périmant sa foi en Staline. C'est ainsi que la résurgence progressive de son habitus théologico-philosophique a fait de lui l'homme du dialogue par excellence adapté à la démarginalisation du PCF dans le champ intellectuel des années 1960. Mais si son engagement sur la tagente hérétique a fait de lui l'un des intellectuels communistes poussant le plus loin le projet de rénovation du PC en offrant une véritable stratégie alternative à celle du Parti après 1968, l'exclusion qui s'en est suivie s'est traduite par un retour du refoulé religieux qui, couplé à la posture prophétique d'un intellectuel désormais excentré dans le champ intellectuel français, a largement contribué à la délégitimation de l'ancien philosophe du PC avant même sa radicalisation ultime qui a achevé de le disqualifier suite à sa condamnation pour négationnisme
Conception de réflecteurs pour des applications photométriques by Julien André( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The far-field reflector problem consists in building a surface that reflects light from a given source back into a target at infinity with a prescribed intensity distribution. This problem arises in many fields such as art or architecture. In this thesis, we are interested in applications to the car industry. Indeed, this thesis is conducted in partnership with the company Optis that develops lighting and optical simulation software used in the design of car headlights. Surfaces in car headlight reflectors must satisfy several constraints imposed by manufacturers as well as national and international regulatory authorities. These constraints can be objective such as space requirements or compliance with lighting legal standards but can also can be subjective such as the aesthetic aspects of surfaces. Our goal is to provide industrializable tools to solve the reflector problem while taking into account these constraints. First, we focus on the case of point light sources. We rely on the work of Oliker, Glim, Cafarrelli and Wang who show that the reflector problem can be formulated as an optimal transport problem. This formulation of the problem is presented and implemented in a discrete case. In a second step, we take into account some of the constraints imposed by car headlight manufacturers, such as the size and the style of the reflector. The chosen solution consists in using Bezier surfaces defined as the graph of a function parameterized over a planar domain. Bezier surfaces allow to obtain smooth surfaces and the parameterization over a planar domain allows to control the size and style of the reflector. To build the surface, we propose a heuristic based on a fixed-point algorithm. Finally, we take into account extended light sources. We present an approach that iteratively adapts the parameters of the reflector by minimizing the distance between the desired intensity and the reflected intensity. This led us to propose a method that efficiently evaluates the reflection of light on the surface. Methods developed in this thesis were implemented in an industrial setting at our partner company Optis
Les antécédents intra et inter-organisationnels du processus d'adoption des achats responsables by Lauriane Robert( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Purchasing Social Responsibility (PSR) is a topic of current interest. Recent literature development on this topic reflects the increasing interest amongst researchers. However, the existing literature fails to provide a comprehensive understanding of the PSR implementation process, which is also an issue of interest from a managerial perspective. This thesis aims to address this gap by identifying the antecedents (drivers and barriers) to PSR adoption process. We provide an original conceptual framework, which identifies intra-organizational antecedents to a sustaining adoption and sheds light on the important role of collaboration in buyer-supplier relationship.The empirical methodology is based on five case-studies with companies at different stages of PSR adoption process.The results show that intra-organizational antecedents play a critical role in achieving the set-up and operating phases, while inter-organizational antecedents (buyer-supplier collaboration) appear to be essential for the sustaining phase. This research provides comprehensive guidance for activating these leverages throughout the PSR implementation process, and it helps firms identify their level of PSR adoption
Transferts des polluants organiques persistants de l'atmosphère aux milieux aquatiques de montagne by Johanna Marçais( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les sources d'émissions de polluants organiques persistants (POP) dans l'atmosphère sont relativement bien connues. Une fois dans ce compartiment sous formes gazeuse et/ou particulaire, ces composés sont transportés à plus ou moins longue distance puis éliminés en fonction des conditions météorologiques par dépôts secs (aérosols) ou humides (pluie et neige). L'impact des POP est planétaire, tous les milieux de l'environnement sont touchés et les milieux aquatiques de montagne ne sont pas épargnés. Plusieurs études ont rapportées la présence de Polychlorobiphényles (PCB) et d'Hydrocarbures Aromatiques Polycycliques (HAP) sur des lacs d'altitude européens où l'atmosphère est l'unique source de pollution. A ce jour, très peu d'études ont été menées en milieux de montagne pour comprendre et identifier les mécanismes de transfert à l'interface entre l'air et l'eau. Ces travaux de thèse sont ainsi focalisés sur les échanges de POP à l'interface air-eau en milieu aquatique de montagne. Dans le but de définir le rôle de l'atmosphère sur ces milieux et de calculer des flux de POP, deux systèmes hydriques distincts ont été étudiés : un lac d'altitude (Lac de la Muzelle, Oisans) et une rivière alpine (Arc, vallée de la Maurienne). Deux familles de POP ont été ciblées pour leurs différentes propriétés physico-chimiques : les HAP et les PCB. Pour l'étude de ces milieux de montagne parfois difficile d'accès, une stratégie d'échantillonnage passive a été choisie. Les systèmes d'échantillonnage employé ont été améliorés, développés au laboratoire ou utilisés tel quel pour échantillonner distinctement toutes les formes de POP dans l'air (gaz, particules, dépôts secs et humides) et dans l'eau (phase dissoute et particulaire). Une comparaison des systèmes d'échantillonneurs atmosphériques passifs a été réalisée pour définir le plus fiable et représentatif. Ces études de transferts air-eau ont été conduites sur le lac d'altitude pendant deux périodes estivales (2014 et 2015) et un suivi de deux ans a été réalisé (2014 à 2016) sur la rivière alpine.Le rôle de l'atmosphère en période estivale a pu être ainsi défini sur le lac d'altitude et des flux d'échanges de polluants à l'interface ont pu être calculés. La rivière alpine étant un système hydrique dynamique plus complexe pour l'étude des transferts air-eau et la quantification de flux, un suivi spatio-temporel de la contamination a tout d'abord été réalisé le long de la rivière et une première approche de calcul de flux de polluants à l'interface a été appliquée
Modélisation bayésienne du développement conjoint de la perception, l'action et la phonologie by Marie-Lou Barnaud( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Through perception and production tasks, humans are able to manipulate not only high-level units like words or sentences but also low-level units like syllables and phonemes. Studies in phonetics mainly focus on the second type of units. One of the main goal in this field is to understand how humans acquire and manipulate these units and how they are stored in the brain. In this PhD thesis, we address this set of issues by using computer modeling, performing computer simulations with a Bayesian model of communication, named COSMO (“Communicating Objects using Sensory-Motor Operations”). Our studies extend in three ways.In a first part, we investigate the cognitive content of phonetic units. It is well established that phonetic units are characterized by both auditory and motor representations. It also seems that these representations are both used during speech processing. We question the functional role of a double representation of phonetic units in the human brain, specifically in a perception task. By examining their respective development, we show that these two representations have a complementary role during perception: the auditory representation is tuned to recognize nominal stimuli whereas the motor representation has generalization properties and can deal with stimuli typical of adverse conditions. We call this the “auditory-narrow/motor-wide” property.In a second part, we investigate the variability of phonetic units. Despite the universality of phonetic units, their characterization varies from one person to another, both in their articulatory/motor and acoustic content. This is called idiosyncrasies. In our study, we aim at understanding how they appear during speech development. We specifically compare two learning algorithms, both based on an imitation process. The first version consists in sound imitation while the second version exploits phoneme imitation. We show that idiosyncrasies appear only in the course of a phoneme imitation process. We conclude that motor learning seems rather driven by a linguistic/communication goal than motivated by the reproduction of the stimulus acoustic properties.In a third part, we investigate the nature of phonetic units. In phonetics, there is a debate about the specific status of the syllable vs phoneme in speech communication. In adult studies, a consensus is now found: both units would be stored in the brain. But, in infant studies, syllabic units seem to be primary. In our simulation study, we investigate the acquisition of both units and try to understand how our model could “discover” phonemes starting from purely syllabic representations. We show that contrary to syllables and vowels, consonants are poorly characterized in the auditory representation, because the categories overlap. This is due to the influence of one phoneme on its neighbors, the well-known “coarticulation”. However, we also show that the representation of consonants in the motor space is much more efficient, with a very low level of overlap between categories. This is in line with classical theories about motor/articulatory invariance for plosives. In consequence, phonemes, i.e. vowels and consonants, seem well displayed and likely to clearly emerge in a sensory-motor developmental approach such as ours.Through these three axes, we implemented different versions of our model. Based on data from the literature, we specifically cared about the cognitive viability of its variables and distributions and of its learning phases. In this work, modeling computation has been used in two kinds of studies: comparative and explanatory studies. In the first ones, we compared results of two models differing by one aspect and we selected the one in accordance with experimental results. In the second ones, we interpreted a phenomenon observed in literature with our model. In both cases, our simulations aim at better understanding data from the literature and provide new predictions for future studies
Analyses expérimentales et numériques du comportement hygrothermique d'une paroi composée de matériaux fortement hygroscopiques by Yannick-Ariel Kedowide( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

More stringent thermal regulations, made necessary the inclusion of mass transfer in building walls and their interaction with heat transfer, particularly for those composed of porous and highly hygroscopic materials.The experimental device consists of two walls mounted and tested on PASSYS orientable cells, with controlled indoor environment, located on the CEA-INES site in Le Bourget du Lac. The wood framed walls, with a wood fiber insulation were tested under different internal and external conditions, depending respectively on internal monitored temperature and humidity, or orientation. The one-year long experimental measurements have shown the influence of moisture fluctuations on the thermal behavior of the tested walls, and also the influence of temperature on the moisture in the walls.A numerical model was used to simulate the phenomena observed in experimental conditions. The model, developed on DYMOLA was firstly validated by a comparison with other existing numerical models, during a benchmark on experimental measurements under controlled conditions. It was then used to simulate experimental sequences on external conditions of this work. Comparing the numerical and experimental results have shown a correlation of the temperature measurements, but a difference for the moisture measurements. Parametric adjustments showed an overestimation of the Hygric inertia combined with an underestimation of the vapor permeability of the numerical model compared to experimental sequences. A mismatch of material properties such as reflected generally in the numerical models with the experimental conditions in which they are recorded is underlined
Perspectives complémentaires de l'éthique organisationnelle by Emmanouela Mandalaki( )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La thèse traite l'éthique organisationnelle à partir de différentes perspectives afin de fournir des analyses complémentaires sur l'organisation de la prise de décision éthique de managers et les évaluations morales de ces dernières. À travers trois articles, cette thèse vise à explorer les facteurs sous-jacents qui façonnent l'éthique managériale et organisationnelle ainsi que les évaluations morales de cette dernière en mettant l'accent sur le rôle des conséquences des actions éthiques comme facteur majeur de comportement moral et d'évaluation
Méthodes d'apprentissage et approches expérimentales appliqués aux réseaux d'interfaces protéiques by Mounia Achoch( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this study is to understand protein assembly mechanisms. The assembly of a protein in an oligomer is particularly important because it is involved in many pathologies going from bacterial infection, Alzheimer like diseases or even some cancers. Protein assembly is the combination of two or more protein chains to induce a biological activity. The B subunit of the cholera toxin pentamer (CtxB5), which belongs to the family of AB5 toxins, is studied as the main model of assembly. Experimental results have provided information on the assembly of the toxin highlighting the involvement of certain amino acids. The first problem addressed in my thesis is to understand their role and see if network approaches are relevant to such investigation. I was able to show using amino acid mutations, that amino acids influence each other by cascade or "peer to peer" mechanisms in order to coordinate the various steps of the assembly (Chapters 4, 5 and 6). The structure and function of the proteins are defined by amino acid sequences which naturally vary due to genetic mutation. So I decided to expand this field of investigation to see if the cascade mechanism was generalized as a mean of disrupting a protein structure. Here it is to understand how a protein loses its function by way of a significant change of structure upon mutation. First, I studied dataset to know the characteristics of healthy protein networks (Chapter 7, 8 and 9), and after I looked at the effects of the systematic mutation of each amino acid of CtxB5 on its overall structure (Chapter 10 and 11). Mutations led from moderate to very large structural changes around the mutated amino acid or at long distances. These results are consistent with known effects of mutation: robustness (maintenance function), evolution or adaptation (emergence of a new feature) and fragility (pathologies). The results also show a weak correlation between the number of amino acid contacts of the mutated amino acid and the amount of structural change induced by its mutation. It is therefore not easy to anticipate the effect of a mutation: The last chapter of my thesis addresses this problem (Chapter 12)
Formes et enjeux sociotechniques du périurbain durable : comparaison de Bimby et du New Urbanism by Rémy Vigneron( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This doctoral research aims to understand how different priorities and actions in the process of suburban renewal can change the ways suburbs are built. Sustainable development, which has increasingly gained acceptance in various venues of public thought and action, has recently entailed the reconsideration of suburban models. In this context, we compare two recent professional practices from France and the United States -- Bimby and New Urbanism -- that reconfigure the ways suburbs are designed and built. To substantiate this premise we have organized our demonstration in three steps. First, we observe that these two professional practices lead to an effective evolution of urban and architectural forms, and through the sociotechnical lens that examines the interaction between the structures of society and the human behavior of the residents we show that beyond this evolution of urban types and patterns, Bimby and New Urbanism both require a diversity of stakeholders that is beneficial to the design and delivery of an urban project. Then, we present and analyze both processes of the design charrette and micro-conception through which New Urbanism and Bimby expect to formulate better solutions, according to the needs of public and private stakeholders and participants. This enables us to evaluate the level of influence of participants on the whole project. Finally, the comparison allows us to characterize the concepts, processes and delivery mechanisms through which the stakeholders involved can create and follow a sustainable vision of suburban developments. We explain the meanings of specialist terms such as co-conception and coproduction as ways of involving diverse groups of stakeholders and residents before, during and after the conventional systems of suburban development. Our results more specifically include the conceptual models of Bimby and the New Urbanism, as models of sustainable suburb production and of suburban renewal
Musique et industries médiatiques. : Construction et mutations d'une musicalisation médiatisée à la télévision (1949-2015) by Guylaine Gueraud Pinet( )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This doctoral thesis questions the relationship between music and the media from a communicational perspective. Relying upon the notion of mediatized musicalization, this research work offers an analysis of musical integrations featured on French television from 1949 to 2015. Building upon intermedia and integeneric foundations, the musical setting of French television programs bears witness to the ever increasing industrialization of two sectors of the cultural industries since the 1980's: the audiovisual sector and the recorded music sector. In order to fully appreciate the issues at stake here, a composite methodology has been adopted mixing investigative research on the work of video editors (historiographical readings, semi-directive interviews) and corpus analyses (statistical analyses and thematically-oriented content analyses). One of the conclusions that can be drawn from these analyses is that, in a context of rationalized creation, musical integrations indicate that the symbolic value of music is taken into consideration as part of a wider strategy aimed at grabbing the attention of the public. These changes, noticeable in the contents, have led to the multiplication and to the growing circulation of musicalized images, thus reveal the involvement of the media in our industrialized culture
La communication publique et ses évolutions. La localisation de la communication de l'Etat à travers l'exemple de la sécurité routière by Welore Tamboura( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of this thesis, in information and communication sciences, is to question the issues related to the location of prevention communication during the public policy about road safety in France.In France,the emergence of public communication of the state is recent. It dates back to the 1970s with the policy of creating new towns and the introduction of communication as a factor of change of administration and modification of the behavior of individuals. This last aspect shows the belief in a "power of influence" of the publicized communication on the part of the public authorities and hence the resulting tendency to analyze public communication of the State through its sole dimension “The media ". Without obscuring the role of the media in public communication, the analysis focuses on the various underlying dimensions emerging from the localization of prevention communication on the theme of road safety, the media of which seem to reflect only “a part.This localization approach brings together the logics, the strategies of the actors and the representations that confront each other and show that issues of road safety emerge from other issues that go beyond the initial framework, in particular that of the quest for The visibility, the legitimisation of public action through communication, the normalization of behavior through the management of individual conduct and the governance of territories at a time when the state seems to lose More and more prerogatives for the benefit of local and regional authorities.The diachronic approach of the "institutionalization" of state communication on the issue of road safety and its stakes shows three key periods: the 1970s with a "technical" approach to road safety and the birth of First prevention campaigns (first in the voluntary sector). Then the 1980s and the first decentralization movements marked a new orientation in the framework of public action concerning road safety, which is read not only through the internal structuring of the State apparatus (restructuring of its external services ) But also through its territorial deployment and the transfer of powers to local authorities. Finally, the 2000s saw the strengthening of the "coercive" dimension and the setting up of a set of tools in this sense.The analysis of the evolution of public communication on the issue of road safety and its location shows that it is intrinsically linked to the evolution of state administration (at the structural and political levels) Where attempts at successive (and not necessarily different) reorientations of this policy, the intervention of actors with different interests and logics that do not necessarily bring about a redefinition of the communication policy (at least not in its most visible part ), The importance of the mobilization of quantitative tools, reactivated by the finance laws as well as the imperatives at European level
L'évolution géomorphologique des systèmes torrentiels proglaciaires de la vallée de Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, une approche du couplage sédimentaire de la fin du Petit Age Glaciaire au désenglacement récent by Johan Berthet( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Depuis la fin du Petit Age Glaciaire, les glaciers du massif du Mont-Blanc se retirent et libèrent ainsi d'importants volumes de sédiments. La fourniture sédimentaire grossière, qui est l'un des éléments de contrôle principaux de l'activité géomorphologique des torrents proglaciaires, peut être profondément modifiée. Dans le contexte de la vallée de Chamonix, où la pression urbaine est très forte, l'accélération du retrait glaciaire soulève des questionnements de la part à la fois des gestionnaires et des scientifiques sur l'évolution des risques et de la gestion des flux solides.L'objectif de ce travail de thèse est d'étudier le couplage sédimentaire entre les espaces libérés des glaces et les torrents jusqu'en fond de vallée, avec un double niveau de réponse. Le premier niveau permet de comprendre les trajectoires géomorphologiques des systèmes glacio-torrentiels depuis la fin du Petit Age Glaciaire et à l'échelle de la vallée. Il est étayé par une analyse géomorphologique et par l'étude de l'évolution du réseau hydrographique, qui s'appuie sur une modélisation et sur de nombreux documents d'archive. Cette étape souligne la diminution du potentiel du système torrentiel à remobiliser des sources sédimentaires. En conséquence, l'activité des torrents a fortement baissée depuis 150 ans. La seconde approche concerne l'étude des dynamiques récentes basée sur la comparaison diachronique de MNT LiDAR à haute résolution. Elle se focalise sur les trois systèmes glacio-torrentiels les plus grands de la vallée (Argentière, Mer de Glace et Bossons) dont les activités morphogènes ont pu être interprétées sous le prisme de crues d'occurrence décennale survenues en août 2014. Cette partie montre l'efficacité des processus de stockage sédimentaire au sein même des espaces désenglacés, ainsi que l'importance du forçage humain sur la morphogénèse torrentielle qui prime désormais sur l'influence du retrait glaciaire. L'état de la fourniture sédimentaire résulte actuellement de l'impact des différentes infrastructures, telles que les captages sous-glaciaires ou l'autoroute d'accès au Tunnel du Mont Blanc.Nos résultats montrent donc une première phase de diminution de l'activité torrentielle, principalement causée par le retrait des glaciers de 1850 à 1950, puis les conséquences pression des activités humaines sur les évolutions hydromorphologiques. La baisse de la torrentialité est toutefois ponctuée de quelques évènements, comme la crue du septembre 1920 sur l'Arveyron de la Mer de Glace, dont nous avons reconstitué les conséquences géomorphologiques. Malgré leur intensité, les effets de ces crues restent néanmoins relativement limités à l'aval immédiat des glaciers.Contrairement donc aux hypothèses initialement soulevées, le retrait glaciaire n'implique pas une augmentation de la fourniture sédimentaire, mais au contraire une diminution des apports du fait de la déconnexion entre les espaces désenglacés et les systèmes torrentiels
Etude expérimentale des anastomoses vasculaires sans suture by Lulzim Vokrri( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'auteur n'a pas fourni de résumé en français
Invariance and symbolic control of cooperative systems for temperature regulation in intelligent buildings by Pierre-Jean Meyer( )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis provides new control strategies that deal with the heterogeneous and nonlinear dynamics describing the temperature regulation in buildings to obtain a tradeoff between comfort and energy efficiency. We thus focus on the robust control of cooperative systems with bounded disturbances. We first solve this problem with the notion of robust controlled invariant interval, which describes a set where the state can be maintained for any value of the disturbances. A second approach provides dedicated symbolic methods to synthesize a discrete controller on a finite abstraction of the system, realizing safety specifications combined with a performance optimization. We first present a centralized symbolic method using the system dynamics provided by the physical model. To address its limitation in terms of scalability, a compositional approach is considered, where the symbolic abstraction and synthesis methods are applied to partial descriptions of the system under the assume-guarantee obligation that the safety specification is realized for all uncontrolled states. In the final part, the proposed controllers are combined and evaluated on the temperature regulation for an experimental building equipped with UnderFloor Air Distribution
Golden Snow. Ségrégation et entre-soi dans les stations de sports d'hiver haut de gamme en Autriche, en France et en Suisse. by Lise Piquerey( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Winter sports resorts are tourist places where the dynamics of arrangement were studied for several decades. If the strategies of development of the tourist system in places considered capable of being able to support this activity are one of main stakes in certain local economies, this thesis wishes to question not the tourism in the prism of the economy or the arrangement, but in the prism of the distinction. The distinction, the concept in the interface of the social geography and the other human sciences as the sociology, allows to question the whole tourist system, both in its urban, economic and social character. The interest of this angle of approach also is to replace the individual, in its complete identity within these places which have to tend to integrate the various socio-economic groups which are located there. In order to achieve this goal, we suggest questioning the place of the clienteles from superior socioeconomic categories, from permanent inhabitants and from seasonal workers, both in the heterogeneous profiles within top of the range winter sports resorts. We shall approach the distinction through two angles: the one within the tourist places market and the one within social categories in these places, who would try to disregard any considerations under the social hierarchy. Geographical research before any, this thesis will approach the distinction with regard to two strong notions: the segregation and the “entre-soi”, by questioning the accessible place by each one within the urban space of winter sports resorts, considered as the spatial power. We suggest leading this study in ten winter sports resorts top of the range, localized in Austria, in France and in Switzerland. This state diversity will also allow to question the strategies of distinction with regard to legislations in force in every country. From the abstract frames presented in the part 1 (chapter 1: state of the art of the segregation and the “entre-soi”; chapter 2: sampling of the studied stations and the methodological approach; chapter 3: research questions), we shall approach the strategies of distinction through several angles of approaches: the tourist inheritance and the singular urban forms which he produced (chapter 4), urban space staging in tourist purpose (chapter 5) and the regimes of visibilities of the socioeconomic categories in the urban landscape of the wealth (chapter 6). This second part will allow to bring to light the existence of distinction of interfaces present within the winter sports resorts top of the range: thresholds, among which the modalities of production, so social, symbolic as material and the spatial constraints which they lead will be respectively handled in chapter 7 and chapter 8 (part 3). Finally, this thesis proposes a social geography of the tourism, more than a geography of the tourist practices
La transition énergétique by Prudence Dato( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The transition to renewable energy involves two kinds of environmental concerns. First, fossil fuels are exhaustible and second, their use generates negative externalities through irreversible environmental damage. Furthermore, there are possible synergies between energy efficiency measures and renewable energy adoption in the sense that the former reduces the energy demand so that the latter can begin to cut future greenhouse gases emissions. The main objective of this dissertation is to analyze the optimal energy transition under certain and uncertain occurrence of environmental catastrophe and to determine incentive-based instruments at the household level in order to boost the energy transition. The dissertation consists of four chapters that independently present and discuss different issues of energy transition. The first chapter focuses on the optimal energy transition involving decisions about both renewable energy adoption and investment in energy saving technologies, when there is a certain pollution threshold that triggers the occurrence of environmental catastrophe. The second chapter investigates the optimal transition to renewable energy under uncertain occurrence of environmental catastrophe. The third chapter is devoted to understanding household behavior regarding energy transition. The fourth chapter explores the role of smart-grids in integrating intermittent renewable energy to facilitate the energy transition
Industries culturelles et créatives au Burkina Faso. : Analyse des filières au prisme des politiques et des stratégies d'acteurs . by Jacob Yarabatioula( )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Comment se construisent, se structurent et s'organisent les filières des industries culturelles et créatives au Burkina Faso ? Quel est leur niveau de développement ? Quels sont les défis actuels auxquels elles sont confrontées et quelles sont les stratégies des acteurs. Ce sont-là les questions que se propose de répondre notre travail de recherche.Le développement des industries culturelles au Burkina Faso est en marche depuis les indépendances et s'est accentué lors de ces dix dernières années. Cette dynamique connait des hauts et des bas au gré des circonstances (environnement), des acteurs et des politiques publiques. Malgré les efforts et les avancées dans le secteur, on note la faible industrialisation de la culture et le caractère dit embryonnaire des filières. Pendant ce temps les espoirs des acteurs placés en ces industries culturelles et créatives pour leurs capacités à créer des richesses et des emplois sont grands et relatifs. Les discours et les pratiques sont souvent contradictoires et les politiques publiques manquent de pragmatisme.Face à cette situation, couplée avec les mutations qui atteignent aujourd'hui les industries culturelles, notre travail s'est évertué à montrer l'état ou l'environnement dans lequel a évolué et évoluent actuellement l'industrialisation de la culture et comment les acteurs à chaque niveau des filières industrielles (Livre, Musique enregistrée, Cinéma et audiovisuel, Jeux vidéo) et des filières dites créatives (Mode et textile et Design & artisanat d'art) s'organisent et structurent leurs secteurs pour continuer d'exister dans un contexte d'ouverture, de mondialisation des œuvres artistiques et culturelles. Enfin, le travail se conclut en s'ouvrant sur les mutations actuelles qui caractérisent les filières industrielles de la culture, tant au niveau des facteurs de production que des stratégies des acteurs.Mots-clésIndustries culturelles ; Industries culturelles et créatives ; Développement culturel ; Filières ; Stratégies d'acteurs ; Politiques culturelles ; Politiques publiques ; Economie de la culture ; Economie politique
Étude sur la normativité précontractuelle : recherche à partir des fautes commises en contractant by Motahareh Fathisalout( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Absent as such in the discourse of French civil lawyers, the pre-contractual normativity is a legal phenomenon. Its comprehension supposes temporarily suspending the usual reasoning by which a jurist apprehends the pre-contractual period.Revealed through mistakes committed during pre-contractual negotiations, pre-contractual normativity is distinct from general and abstract normativity of the pre-contractual period and indicated in various provisions of the Civil Code (art. 1109 et seq.) and jurisprudential principles (e.g. good faith). As it is concrete, pre-contractual normativity firstly appears as a normative relationship, established between negotiators in the process of negotiating, whether the contract is finally signed or not. This relationship is the material reality of this particular normativity. Secondly, pre-contractual normativity sends back to a norm. As it is endogenous, it is revealed in the evolving environment, in which the negotiators voluntarily place themselves to settle the content of their future contract.Pre-contractual normativity is where a specific pre-contractual norm and a relationship forged between negotiators meet. It renders ineffective the theory of sources of obligations, since the latter, which is known for listing the sources of normativity, fails to explain the former with a single source. Pre-contractual normativity is eclectic and complex and thus, defies a single theorization in the way it is presented. Created in the process of a normative discussion which supposes considering negotiators in the relationship that unites them to one another, the concrete pre-contractual norm is achieved, case-by-case, under the supervision of a judge, who afterwards recognizes a presence or absence of such a norm at the end of a debate in which the negotiators - who have become party to the case - actively take part. The aim is to put forward the interests that stir them during the negotiations and that they now intend to have the judge's favor in his balancing of interests.The demonstration of pre-contractual normativity and its modus operandi are hypothesis of quasi-law and invite jurists to rethink the paths to normativity to give way to the completely inherent sociability that characterizes the law
Mises en jeu du hors-scène dans le théâtre de Marguerite Duras, Bernard-Marie Koltès et Jean-Luc Lagarce : approche dramaturgique et scénographique by Aurélie Coulon( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The term hors-scène (“off-stage” with a dramaturgical and a scenographic meaning in French) is used in an empirical way to designate spaces, characters and or episodes that are invisible. It is not part of the technical vocabulary of the theater, and it is often replaced by words borrowed from other artistic fields such as “off”, or “out of frame”. Because of this lack of terminological precision, it is a notion that like a mirror reflects ideological and aesthetic orientations which can be related to a discourse that values the invisible, in opposition to an image-driven society. This notion of hors-scène is addressed through a study of the works of three major authors of the second half of the 20th Century: Marguerite Duras, Bernard-Marie Koltès and Jean-Luc Lagarce. Each one of them has his/her specific mode of blurring the lines between the stage and the off-stage, thus producing staging and making scenographies that have to tackle the redefinition of the limits of space and of representation itself. In their works, the boundary between the visible and the invisible no longer coincides with the articulation between the stage and an adjacent peripheral space. The hors scène is mobile and cannot be easily located : it can no longer be considered as what lies outside of the stage. It can be situated at the heart of the visible ; it can spring from a framing choice which orchestrates the relations between the stage, the house and the world, but also from a staging choice that materialises “timelessness”. It reveals itself discontinuously, through breaches opened up in a diversity of ways in a dramatic and/or scenic space whose boundaries themselves are in flux. The thesis identifies the dramaturgic and scenographic stakes of the uses of the hors-scène in the three authors' texts, as well as in a selection of stagings from the second half of the 20th Century and early 21st Century, as well as in scenographies and a number of sound/audio productions to which they are associated. The aim is to trace different categories of the hors-scène and to define more precisely this notion that could very well highlight a change in the modes of perception and representation
 
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Alternative Names
Communauté d'universités et d'établissements Grenoble-Alpes

COMUE Grenoble Alpes

COMUE UGA

COMUE Université Grenoble-Alpes

UGA

Université Grenoble Alpes (2015-2019)

Université Grenoble Alpes (ComUE)

Languages
French (33)

English (4)