WorldCat Identities

Sigot, Léa

Works: 2 works in 2 publications in 2 languages and 3 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Léa Sigot
H2S Adsorption from Biogas with Thermal Treatment Residues by Valentine Gasquet( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Epuration fine des biogaz en vue d'une valorisation énergétique en pile à combustible de type SOFC : Adsorption de l'octaméthylcyclotétrasiloxane et du sulfure d'hydrogène by Léa Sigot( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Biogas energy use is hampered by the presence of trace compounds. Three contaminant families are particularly detrimental for external reforming catalysts and solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anodes: sulfur-containing compounds, volatile organic silicon compounds (VOSiC) and chlorinated compounds. Therefore, a thorough biogas treatment is necessary for such an application. This experimental work deals with the development of a polishing treatment for the adsorption of these contaminants. Adsorbents were selected for their efficiency to remove hydrogen sulfide (H2S - sulfur-containing compound), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4 - VOSiC) and cis-1,2-dichloroéthene (C2H2Cl2 - chlorinated compound), molecules representative of the three harmful families. The studied zeolite showed the best efficiency for H2S removal whereas silica gel performed best for D4 adsorption. A parametric study highlighted the influence of adsorbent bed height, contaminant concentration, gas flow rate, the presence of contaminants in mixture and humidity on purification performance. Adsorption tests with a raw landfill biogas showed that it is possible to guarantee an H2S concentration below the 1 ppmvH2S tolerance limit of the reformer. Using adsorbent physicochemical characterizations, hypothesis about retention mechanisms were proposed for the couples zeolite + H2S and silica gel + D4. H2S is adsorbed and then oxidized into elemental sulfur at the surface of the zeolite. During the adsorption on silica gel, D4 seems to polymerize on the surface. These two phenomena prevent the regeneration of the adsorbents. A first modeling approach of the adsorption phenomena involved for the couple silica gel + D4 allowed the determination of the global mass transfer coefficient. Experimental breakthrough curves obtained for different masses of adsorbent were successfully simulated. Some “dimensioning rules” were proposed for the industrial design of a polishing treatment able to produce a biogas with the quality required to feed an SOFC. The techno-economic analysis showed that the SOFC solution is technically feasible but not economically viable because SOFC technology is still too costly compared to conventional conversion devices. However, the solution seems promising from an environmental point of view
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