WorldCat Identities

Camus, Vincent (1963-....).

Overview
Works: 68 works in 100 publications in 2 languages and 211 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Academic theses 
Roles: Opponent, Other, Thesis advisor, Author, Publishing director
Classifications: RC537, 610
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Vincent Camus
Troubles de l'humeur des affections du système nerveux central by Laurent Schmitt( Book )

5 editions published in 1995 in French and English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Manuel de sciences humaines en médecine by Philippe Bagros( Book )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Destiné en première intention aux étudiants de première année du premier cycle des études médicales, le manuel de sciences humaines en médecine propose une initiation claire, synthétique et rigoureuse aux questions principales abordées par les sciences humaines autour de la médecine. Il a été conçu par les enseignants expérimentés de l'équipe pédagogique du département de sciences humaines de Tours, pour répondre à la fois aux préoccupations pragmatiques de ceux qui préparent le concours et à la curiosité humaniste des étudiants plus avancés et des praticiens. [Ed.]
La dépression : perspectives en psychiatrie de la personne âgée( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in French and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Apports des concepts d'auto-organisation et d'autonomie à la psychopathologie : à propos des rapports entre troubles de la personnalité, dépression et vieillissement by Vincent Camus( Book )

5 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in French and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

COMME CHEZ L'ADULTE, LES TROUBLES DE LA PERSONNALITE SONT FREQUEMMENT ASSOCIES A LA DEPRESSION DU SUJET AGE. IL A DEJA ETE ETABLI QUE LES DEPRESSIONS DE L'AGE D'APPARITION TARDIVE (PREMIER EPISODE DEPRESSIF APRES 60 ANS) SONT PLUS FREQUEMMENT ASSOCIEES A DES TROUBLES COGNITIFS, DES ANOMALIES DE LA SUBSTANCE BLANCHE PERI-VENTRICULAIRE A L'IMAGERIE CEREBRALE, A UN RISQUE PLUS ELEVE D'EVOLUTION VERSUNE PATHOLOGIE DEMENTIELLE. LE PRESENT TRAVAIL DEMONTRE QUE LES TROUBLES DE LA PERSONNALITE SEMBLENT PLUS FREQUEMMENT ASSOCIES AUX DEPRESSIONS DE L'AGE D'APPARITION PRECOCE (PREMIER EPISODE DEPRESSIF AVANT 60 ANS ET RECURRENCE DANS L'AGE AVANCE). LA MALADIE DEPRESSIVE PEUT AINSI ETRE COMPRISE TANTOT COMME LA CONSEQUENCE D'UNE ATTEINTE ORGANIQUE, TANTOT COMME LA CONSEQUENCE D'UN (DYS)FONCTIONNEMENT PSYCHOLOGIQUE PARTICULIER. LA PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE OFFRE UN CADRE DE DISCUSSION DE LA COMPATIBILITE, DE L'INTELLIGIBILITE DE CES DIFFERENTS NIVEAUX DE LECTURE, DE COMPREHENSION DES MECANISMES DE LA MALADIE. IL SERA SUGGERE QUE LE RECOURS AUX CONCEPTS D'AUTONOMIE, D'AUTO-ORGANISATION TELS QUE DEVELOPPEES DANS LES MODELISATIONS DES SYSTEMES COMPLEXES, SONT EGALEMENT APPLICABLES EN PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE, ENPERMETTANT DE DEPASSER LE CLIVAGE ENTRE SOCIO-PSYCHO-GENESE ET ORGANOGENESE DE LA PATHOLOGIE MENTALE
Le TDAH et le transfert d'addiction vers l'alimentation sont-ils des facteurs de risque d'obésité et de syndrome métabolique chez les patients transplantés pour une cirrhose d'origine éthylique ? : proposition d'un protocole de recherche longitudinal by Priscilla Marville( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction : Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage cirrhosis. While it has led to a major improvement in the mortality of these patients, better identification and management of late complications would improve the long-term survival and quality of life of patients. Among these we find obesity and metabolic syndrome, which are responsible for an increased cardiovascular risk and have a heavy impact on the quality of life through the comorbidities that accompany them. We are seeing an increase in the prevalence of these two disorders in the solid organ transplant patient population, and this increase is even greater in patients who have received liver transplantation for ethyl cirrhosis. In this work, we hypothesized that the over-representation of obesity and metabolic syndrome observed in patients undergoing liver transplantation can be explained by an over-representation in postoperative of eating disorders (ACD) such as binge eating disorder and / or food addiction (addiction transfer = addiction switch), which could thus occur more frequently in patients who were transplanted for an alcohol-related cirrhosis (i.e., addiction transfer from alcohol to foods). We also hypothesized that the overrepresentation of TCA was linked to a higher prevalence of ADHD compared to the general population. The objective of this thesis is to propose a research protocol that will test our two hypotheses. Material and Method : This longitudinal study will be carried out at the CHRU in Tours, in the Department of Digestive, Oncological, Endocrine and Hepatic Transplantation Surgery for 12 months. We will research the prevalence of obesity (BMI) and metabolic syndrome (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia), as well as the prevalence of alcohol use disorders (AUDIT, clinical interview with DSM- 5 criteria). Then we will compare them with the prevalence of binge eating disorder (BES, BED, DSM- 5 criteria), food addiction (YFAS 2.0 and clinical interview with DSM-5 criteria of dependence on a substance adapted. to diet) and ADHD (ASRS, WURS, DIVA 2.0). Expected results : The results that we will obtain within the framework of our protocol will allow us to compare the different prevalences obtained (alcohol, TCA, ADHD) between patients with obesity versus without obesity, between patients with TCA versus without TCA and between patients. with versus without ADHD. We will also be able to identify the link between potential predictors of BMI and weight in order to predict weight and BMI as well as their evolution. Discussion : These results will allow us to improve our understanding of the possible causes of the increased prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in patients who have undergone liver transplantation for alcohol use disorder. They can also help us prevent their appearance and guide us towards early detection and multidisciplinary management of these disorders, by combining existing surgical and hepatological management with psychiatric / addiction, nutritional and / or dietetic care
Autisme et système nerveux autonome : quelles explorations pour quel réseau neuronal cible ? by Laura Ponson( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dans l'autisme, le système nerveux autonome (SNA) a essentiellement été exploré en tant qu'indicateur indirect de la régulation émotionnelle. A partir d'observations cliniques, nous proposons une hypothèse fonctionnelle mettant le SNA en lien avec le cœur de la sémiologie autistique. Les particularités sensorielles et les comportements répétitifs et stéréotypés seraient liés à une dissociation de la sensori-motricité via une hyperactivation du noyau dorsal moteur du vague (DMNX) et l'atteinte du système d'engagement social à une hypoactivation du noyau ventral du vague, le noyau ambigu (NA). Le sympathique lui, serait hyperactivé, le tout favorisant les comportements défensifs aux sociaux. Nous avons réalisé une étude de la littérature sur les index électrophysiologiques des explorations pupillaire, dermale et cardiaque. Le fonctionnement du SNA apparaît comme atypique avec une tendance à l'hyperactivation sympathique et à l'hypoactivation parasympathique (sans prise en compte de sa binucléarité). Les différentes explorations concernent des réseaux neuronaux distincts. Seule l'innervation cardiaque est issue à la fois du DNMX et du NA mais sa complexification au cours du développement ne permet pas en postnatal, avec les index actuels, de distinguer l'activité des fibres selon leur provenance. En prénatal, du fait du développement différé des composantes du SNA, l'exploration électrocardiaque offre plus de perspectives. Nous avons mené une étude du rythme cardiaque fœtal sur les données échographiques qui met en évidence un profil électrocardiaque avec une dynamique d'évolution atypique, encourageant à poursuivre les recherches sur le développement du SNA dans l'autisme
Le rôle de la psychiatrie face au phénomène de radicalisation by Jérémy Cailhol( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Depuis plusieurs décennies un phénomène de radicalisation ne cesse de prendre de l'ampleur à travers le monde, pouvant mener à l'extrémisme voire au terrorisme violent à l'origine de nombreuses catastrophes humaines, sociales et matérielles. Il s'agit d'un sujet d'actualité comme d'un problème de santé publique ayant une large couverture médiatique et politique, motivant de nombreux travaux de recherche, et pourtant peu compris, en particulier concernant la place de la psychiatrie et de la psychopathologie dans le processus de radicalisation. L'objectif de notre travail a été de réaliser une revue de la littérature traitant des mécanismes psychopathologiques potentiellement impliqués dans le processus de radicalisation. En recoupant les résultats de nombreuses études en psychiatrie et psychologie, en sciences cognitives, en neurosciences, en sociologie, nous décrivons un modèle de compréhension biopsychosocial systémique du processus de radicalisation concernant l'individu, mais aussi son environnement. Nous traitons ensuite du lien de causalité présumé entre radicalisation et maladie mentale parfois à l'origine d'une pathologisation des actes, pour tenter de définir la place et le rôle de la psychiatrie au sein des mesures de prévention mises en place. Les résultats de ces études montrent l'absence d'un « profil type » de radicalisés, permettent d'infirmer le lien direct avec les maladies mentales, et donc de déstigmatiser le s personnes en souffrant, ainsi que le rôle systématique de la psychiatrie dans la prise en charge du phénomène. Ces différentes recherches amènent à présenter brièvement des programmes de prévention, de dépistage ou encore d'intervention où l'aspect interdisciplinaire et la coopération interprofessionnelle, pouvant intégrer la psychiatrie, renvoient à l'importance d'une guidance et de stratégies d'action globales réfléchies
Demence et depression : contribution a la validation francaise de deux echelles de depression : cornell scale for depression in dementia ; dementia mood assessment scale by Vincent Camus( Book )

1 edition published in 1993 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Supervision directe : quel est le vécu des internes de médecine générale en stage de niveau 1 ? by Lateefat Said( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction : Pendant le stage de niveau 1 en médecine générale, la supervision directe (SD) est la phase où le maître de stage (MSU) observe l'étudiant réaliser les consultations. Elle est riche en informations pour le MSU et en apprentissage pour l'interne grâce à la rétroaction faite sur ce qui a été réalisé. En France, peu d'études se sont focalisées sur ce qu'éprouvaient les internes pendant cette phase. Objectif : Explorer comment les internes de médecine générale vivaient la phase de supervision directe au cours de leur stage de niveau 1. Méthode : Enquête qualitative par 13 entretiens semi-dirigés réalisés entre avril et octobre 2019 auprès d'internes en médecine générale ayant réalisé un stage de niveau 1 pendant le semestre d'hiver 2018-2019. Enregistrement des entretiens, retranscription intégrale avec anonymisation puis analyse dans une approche par théorisation ancrée. Résultats : Certains internes appréhendaient la phase de SD par peur d'être jugés par leur MSU. Effectuer la consultation tout en étant sous le regard de leur MSU était angoissant. Les internes, découvrant la médecine générale, devaient se familiariser à leur nouvel environnement de travail, apprendre à travailler aux côtés d'un MSU et s'adapter à sa patientèle. Grâce au soutien et à la mise en confiance du MSU, les internes se sentaient plus à l'aise et gagnaient en assurance. L'analyse a permis de faire émerger plusieurs critères favorisant un bon vécu comme par exemple la préparation de l'interne en lui expliquant le déroulement de la phase, la mise en retrait du MSU au cours de la consultation et la réalisation d'une rétroaction. Conclusion : Malgré les difficultés perçues, la SD semblait être une phase enrichissante et indispensable. Des conseils simples permettraient d'améliorer le vécu des étudiants
Consultation pluridisciplinaire de la chute (CPDLC) : variables prédictives d'une bonne adhésion aux recommandations by Marine Pambet Myotte( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

INTRODUCTION : L'évaluation individuelle de la CPDLC, permet de repérer les facteurs de risque (FDR) de la chute propres à la personne âgée (PA) et de proposer des recommandations personnalisées. Les programmes de prévention multifactoriels réduisent le risque de chute du domicile, sous réserve que les FDR soient corrigés. Les données concernant le taux de suivi des recommandations sont rares, mieux les connaitre permettrait de cibler des indicateurs valorisant la mise en route du suivi au long cours. METHODE : Etude monocentrique prospective, avec recueil de données à T0, suivi des variables à 6 mois. 111 sujets ont été adressés à la CPDLC entre décembre 2013 et juin 2016 et ont bénéficié d'une expertise pluridisciplinaire. Le taux d'adhésion aux préconisations a été défini comme le rapport entre le nombre de recommandation(s) suivie(s) à 6 mois sur le nombre recommandations préconisées à T0. Deux groupes ont été constitués : G1 : PA ayant un taux d'adhésion ≥ 60 %, G2 : pour les autres. L'analyse univariée entre G1 et G2 a porté sur les FDR de la chute et l'évaluation gériatrique standardisée. L'analyse multivariée a cherché à repérer les variables significatives pouvant être prédictives d'un profil de patient ayant un taux d'adhésion ≥ 60 % à 6 mois de l'expertise. RESULTATS : A 6 mois, 87 patients ont été revus (78,4 %). Le nombre de recommandations préconisées à T0 était de 5,07 +/- 1,53[2-10], tandis qu'à T6 le nombre de recommandations suivies était de 2,7 +/- 1,55 [0-7] (p = 0,001). Les recommandations concernaient, entre autre, la thérapeutique (81,6%), la rééducation (85,1 %), les explorations complémentaires (78,4%) et les modifications nutritionnelles (48,3 %). Le taux d'adhésion global aux recommandations a été de 56,17+/- 26,58 %. Les patients du groupe G1 vivaient à domicile (85,7%), 92,9 % avaient un nombre de médicaments > 3. Après analyse multivariée, les variables indépendantes significatives d'un taux d'adhésion ≥ 60 % étaient : la prévention secondaire OR 95% 8,8 [8,1-9,6], vivre hors du domicile OR 95 % 6,6 [5,8-7,3], avoir plus de 3 médicaments OR 6,1 [5,8-6,3], être dépourvu d'aide OR 95% 5,0 [2,0-55,2], être capable de se relever du sol OR 95% 3,1 [2,9-3,4] et avoir un nombre de syndromes gériatriques > 3 OR 95 % 1,7 [1,5-2,0]. CONCLUSION : Dans les limites de cette étude, il devrait être possible d'améliorer le suivi des recommandations, notamment chez les chuteurs en prévention secondaire ou vivant hors du domicile. Il parait important d'en limiter le nombre et donc de les hiérarchiser, avec une attention particulière à apporter aux chuteurs ayant plus de 3 médicaments, à ceux qui sont dépourvus d'aides ou qui sont encore capables de se relever du sol
Fondements épistémologiques de la notion de CNEP by Alice Rousseau( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La crise non épileptique psychogène (CNEP) est une entité nosologique essentiellement descriptive : il s'agit d'un changement brutal des sensations, des perceptions ou de l'état de conscience dont l'apparence évoque une crise d'épilepsie mais qui n'est pas associée aux phénomènes électrophysiologiques de l'épilepsie. Ces crises se retrouvent majoritairement chez des femmes et sont significativement associées à des antécédents de psychotraumatismes. Les cliniciens contemporains s'accordent à dire qu'elles relèvent d'un processus dissociatif inconscient et il est mis en évidence une corrélation entre un vécu émotionnel intense et leur déclenchement. Un tel tableau se retrouve dans des écrits cliniques depuis l'antiquité : le mal de la matrice d'Hippocrate, ou suffocation utérine, nommée par la suite hystérie, mais il se retrouve aussi sous le nom d'épilepsie. Néanmoins, si le discours médical a connu des renversements qui rendent discontinus les concepts nosologiques d'hystérie et de CNEP, leurs descriptions cliniques ainsi que certaines intuitions étiologiques sont restées d'une constance remarquable. Nous proposons une analyse en deux axes de l'émergence de la notion de CNEP : un axe sémantique, la CNEP étant une terminologie à plusieurs volets (« crise », « nonépileptique » et « psychogène ») et un axe clinique, consistant en une recherche d'écrits cliniques se rapprochant de la définition actuelle de la CNEP. Dans ce travail, nous démontrons de quelle façon les mouvements épistémologiques se répondent au fil des siècles, tantôt du côté d'un positivisme neuroscientifique, tantôt du côté d'un subjectivisme psychodynamique. Nous relevons les grands points de divergence entre ces deux pôles et leur portée dans la pratique clinique autour d'un cas
Le vécu du partenaire de l'accouchement et du post-partum by Elena Burlacu( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction : The psychological aspect and the mental health of parents in the post-partum period is an essential and key element for the normal development of the infant. Objective : This presented work has a main objective to study the mental health of the partner around the childbirth and the post-partum period by studying the presence of depressive symptoms and PTSD symptoms. Material and methods : The parameters will be evaluated after a biographic evaluation and the evaluation of well-known and validated psychometric scales. This auto-questionnaires are full field by the women and their partner online by accessing an internet link generated by Sphinx. This study is a non-interventional and observational one. Results : In the final group that participated at this study, there are 489 participants, which 445 are women and 44 men. In the past, 29,5% of men and 43,3% of women had presented emotional distress and psychological issues related to a birth. About 22,7% of men revealed being in psychological distress in the moment of the participation at this study. The majority of the partners (88,4%) didn't expressed any symptoms of PTSD but 1.4% to 3.9% of men presents some important symptoms of PTSD almost every day, mostly irritability, anxiety, sleep disturbance like nightmares and flashbacks. About 9,1% of men also presented depression symptoms with sadness as the main symptom (evaluation made with EPDS). 4,5% of men even revealed had little to no affection for their baby. Conclusion : The studies had shown that the prevalence of men's mental health issues is comparable to those of the women in the post-partum period. The father's mental health is a subject of great public importance because of the consequences on the parenthood, the family and the child's future, but also for the economic and social effects if the psychological issues aren't correctly treated
Incidence des mainlevées ordonnées par le juge des libertés et de la détention dans le suivi des patients by Aurélie Empinet( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The law of July 5, 2011, relating to "the rights and protection of persons under psychiatric care" introduced a control of full hospitalization without consent by the judge of liberties and detention. The primary objective of our study was to achieve a statistically significant reduction in compliance with short and medium-term follow-up in patients who have been discharged from hospital with an appointment for free care or in a care programme following a decision of discontinuing involuntary admission by judge of liberties and detention at the George Sand Hospital Center in Bourges between 2012 and 2019. The study also included an analysis of the different reasons of discontinuing involuntary admission. Using case-control studies, we analysed compliance with the first appointment and follow-up at six months after immediate discharge from hospital after decision of discontinuing involuntary admission for a first group of patients who received outpatient follow-up in the care programme and a second group who received outpatient follow-up in open care. We don't show any statistically significant difference between the case and control groups in the program of care with respect to follow-up at first appointment and at six months after leaving hospital. However, we find a statistically significant difference in the maintenance of follow-up in the free care case group with a significantly higher number of patients not attending the first appointment than the control group and a significantly higher number of patients not attending and readmission to hospital at 6 months after decision of discontinuing involuntary admission The descriptive analysis of the different reasons for discontinuing involuntary admission secondarily makes it possible to issue reflections, in order to mitigate this impact in the follow-up of patients, on the improvement of practices, in particular through familiarization with the texts of laws, the drafting of substantiated certificates and the need for multidisciplinary meeting with judges in order to mutually exchange on our joint approaches
Vécu et ressenti des adolescents en surpoids et obèses lors de l'abord de ce sujet en consultation de médecine générale by Valentin Guilbert( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction: Current epidemiological data show that overweight and obesity in adolescents belong to the health problems that general practitioners deal with on a frequent basis. However, there are very few consensual documents tackling the psychological approach which should be used to talk about the overweight issue to these adolescents. Our goal here is to analyse how overweight and obese adolescents feel and cope with it when the topic is addressed by the general practitioner, in order to better identify the psychological approach that the latter should follow when talking to teenagers. Materials and methods: This is a qualitative study carried out through semi-structured, one-on-one interviews. Results: The teenagers' reactions when the practitioner would address the issue of their “new body” during consultations would differ. One persistent element in those interviews was the distress resulting from the overweight. The way this distress was expressed would differ from one individual to the other. Exchanging with the general practitioner about this suffering, more specifically the distress resulting from being judged in society, was tremendously important for them, provided that the practitioner would respect a number of requirements. Teenagers would sometimes break away from medical care of overweight because of the demeanor they would perceive from the practitioner, which, according to them, was not suited to their issue. Discussions: Discussions between practitioner and teenager account for a major stake in the teenager's participation in medical care. The practitioner must keep in mind that the teenager's body is a new element in their life and that they must learn and gradually explore it. It is important that the practitioner asks the teenager about the mental and social suffering resulting from this body, more specifically from social judgements. Conclusion: In order to take care of those overweight and obese adolescents better, it is important to assess the teenager's degree of mental distress on the one hand, as well as to take the social and family environments into account, and finally to create another medical approach and involve the teenager in their medical care
La compétence « relation, communication, approche centrée patient » en médecine générale après un stage d'interne dans une structure de soins palliatifs by Filipe Pesqueira( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Context : The « relationship, communication, patient-centred care » competency is at the centre of the « competence daisy » defined by the CNGE. However, general practice residents don't feel enough trained to develop this competency. A qualitative study among residents who completed a palliative care internship shows an improvement of their relationship competency with a certain portability in general practice, even though the data collected remains unclear. Objective : Identify improvement elements according to the « relationship, communication, patient-centred care » competency of general practice residents through the palliative care internship and the teaching methods used by residents during the internship. Method : Qualitative study by semi-structured interviews with 12 participants who completed an internship in a palliative care structure in the Centre Val-de-Loire region as a resident enrolled in the DES of General Practice at the Faculty of Medicine in Tours. A complete written transcript and a thematic content analysis were carried out. Results : The study shows the competency learning progress with the acquisition of communication skills, more investment in the meeting which can sometimes generate emotions and a better recognition of the otherness of the patient. This development is in association with a personal reflection on his own professional practice, a reassessment of the initial training paradigm and a will to continue to educate oneself. A partial portability of the knowledge is possible in general practice with greater use of the relationship competency in daily practice and a strengthened collegiality practice. Although, it remains a limitation due to time constraint. Lastly, the study reports a pedagogical approach, both common and specific, acquired gradually during the internship and articulated with the DUMG's pedagogy. Conclusion : According to the general practice residents, this study confirms and details the improvement elements of this competency through the internship in a palliative care structure. The reported elements should allow to improve overall training for this competency through the use of new learning methods and by the emergence, among all clinicians, of resource persons for the teaching of the latter
Mesure de l'activation du cortex préfrontal par spectroscopie aux rayons proches de l'infrarouge (fNIRS) lors de la réalisation d'une double tâche à la marche chez des patients parkinsoniens by Inès Doghri( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Background: Gait impairment in Parkinson's disease is involved in reduction of autonomy. Performing a dual task (DT) while walking is particularly difficult among these patients. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) have been used to assess cerebral activation during DT in healthy young and older adults, and in some conditions such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Objective: Measuring prefrontal activation of PD patients during dual task walking, in comparison to healthy older adults. Assessing their cognitive and motor performances and whether prefrontal activation was correlated to perceived mental effort. Methods: 12 patients with PD were paired with 12 healthy older adults based on their age and their level of physical activity. A fNIRS device was used to measure left prefrontal oxygenation during walking alone or while performing a random number generation on a treadmill at two different speeds (self-selected or imposed of 3 km/h). Participants were asked to rate their perceived mental effort after each condition. Results: A task effect on prefrontal activation was found, towards an increased activation during DT. But no significant difference was found between PD patients and older adults in their prefrontal activation, motor or cognitive performances. PD patients found the conditions significantly harder than older adults, and this mental effort was correlated to their prefrontal activation. Conclusion: Dual task walking increases prefrontal activation in comparison to normal walking, and perceived mental effort accounts for some of this activation in PD patients. fNIRS and walking on a treadmill are safe, reproducible, and reliable methods that could allow applications in rehabilitation programs in Parkinson's disease
Un programme de psychoéducation sur les troubles du sommeil pour les patients souffrant de schizophrénie : construction et étude préliminaire by Maxime Bonnin( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sleep disturbances are a major challenge in preventing relapse and impaired functioning of patients with schizophrenia. Existing sleep interventions in these patients target insomnia in individual therapy. The intervention relies heavily on psychoeducational measures of sleep and behavioral hygiene. No specific program is proposed for an overall treatment of group sleep disorders in patients with schizophrenia. The objective of this work is the construction of a psychoeducation program on sleep disorders in schizophrenic patients based on current literature data and a preliminary study to demonstrate the feasibility of this program. A psychoeducation program on sleep disorders, adapted on the form (7 sessions lasting 1 hour) and the content was built. A preliminary study applying the program was performed on a group of six patients. Repeated assessments measured sleep parameters and a satisfaction questionnaire was collected at the end of the program. The results of the preliminary study suggest a good feasibility of the program. Three patients participated in almost the entire program and were satisfied. The therapists did not have difficulty delivering the program. The results of the qualitative analysis revealed certain characteristics specific to patients suffering from schizophrenia (defeatist beliefs, motivational deficits, apragmatism). The development of this program should continue with a study of its efficacy in a blind randomized controlled trial
Pratiques des soins palliatifs au sein des services hospitaliers de psychiatrie de la région Centre-Val de Loire by Ambre Pouillot( )

2 editions published in 2019 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

INTRODUCTION : Patients with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) have a higher risk of developing somatic comorbidities. They are sometime diagnosed at an advanced stage, even incurable, bringing psychiatrists to take part in a palliative process. The purpose of this work is to describe the palliative care practices within psychiatric department hospitals in the « Centre-Val de Loire (France) » area, and identify potential arising difficulties. METHOD : In this descriptive study, an on-line survey was proposed to psychiatrist and interns in the « Centre-Val de Loire (France) » area between 12/15/2018 and 02/16/2019. RESULTS : Amongst 82 respondents, 17 psychiatrists reported having participated in palliative caring for at least one patient hospitalized in their ward. 57 % were in favor of palliative care, and therefore end-of-life care, in their ward. The most common decision factor was the willingness of the health-care team to care for the patient for the longest possible time. The most reported difficulties were the lack of training of the team, the lack of technical resources and equipment, the impact on institutional dynamics and the lack of advance directive. CONCLUSION : Palliative care within psychiatric department hospitals, although uncommon, is a reality that deserves special attention. In order to offer optimal access to palliative care for patients suffering from SPMI, multidisciplinary collaboration between psychiatrists, somatic physicians and palliative care specialists is to be pursued and developed. Particularly through the establishment of dedicated resources and cross-training about pain and the palliative approach, taking into account the patients singularities
La construction des parcours professionnels des médecins psychiatres algériens venus exercer en France : histoire politique, dynamiques institutionnelles et culturelles by Marion Radi( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Introduction: A large number of doctors who obtained their diploma outside the European Union practice in France. Algerians are the most numerous among them. They represent forty percent of the foreign psychiatrists in France. Objective: To give an account of the individual and professional trajectories of these Algerian psychiatrists, in their forms and meanings. The political dynamics, which have marked Franco-Algerian relations, and the institutional dynamics linked to the practice of medicine in France are examined. The cultural referents involved in the construction of professional identities and care relationships are studied. Method: Qualitative method. Fifteen semi-directed interviews were conducted with Algerian psychiatrists practising in France. The contents of the interviews made it possible to draw up a thematic grid for their analysis. They are interpreted using the complementarist method. Results: These psychiatrists construct their path between imagination, life projects and structural constraints. Their professional trajectory is linked to the non-recognition of their diploma by the French hospital institution. Their practice is marked by these paths, their cultural identity appears in a very framed way, which they want to adapt to the French context: they rarely use their mother tongue with North African patients. Conclusion: Motivations at the beginning vary. The oldest patients were forced to leave a newly independent Algeria. The younger ones chose to leave a country for lack of prospects. The practice of medicine appears as a lever for migration but not as an end in itself. Their path integrates and reveals the history of the colonisation and decolonisation of Algeria, which French institutions keep track of. This is expressed in the feeling of inferiority and doubt of these psychiatrists
Création d'une échelle d'évaluation des interactions précoces parent enfant : Baby Interaction Scale (BIS) : étude pilote by Matthieu Beaupuy( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The dyadic parent-child interaction assessment is at the heart of the Perinatal Psychiatry Care. This assessment contributes to the diagnostic and directly influences clinical practices. It is a prior step for effective work within a team and for the partners of the perinatal network. Pre-existing assessment tools show some limits. They are very specific to a development period or a parental pathology or require special training or long scoring times which make their clinical use uneasy. The aim of this study is to create an easy-to-use and easy-to-score clinical rating scale of dyadic interactions, regardless of the degree of expertise, and which would be applicable to a child from birth until three years old. To start with, we developed the scale from a review of literature. Ten scales were selected and twenty-five items were extracted either for their recurrence and/or for their clinical relevance. This selection of items was submitted to a group of experts (n=42) in perinatal psychiatry which belongs to a national collective called Parent-Baby Ambulatory Units. Our work has been well received by these professionals. Their participation and active collaboration enabled the creation of the Baby Interaction Scale (BIS) composed of 16 items. Then, 30 videos of interactions from two combined in-patient and out-patient medical care units were rated with the BIS and an international validate tool, the CIB (R. Feldman). The BIS' results are consistent compared with the CIB's and PIRGAS'. The acceptability and feasibility of the BIS are good (Se = 0,85 ; Sp = 1 ; Cronbach alpha > 0,8, Pearson : r = - 0,53 ; p = 0,003). These results will have to be confirmed on a larger population with a control population
 
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Alternative Names
Vincent Camus researcher (ORCID 0000-0002-6845-221X)

Vincent Camus wetenschapper

Languages
French (44)

English (1)