WorldCat Identities

Caldeira, Sandra

Overview
Works: 20 works in 33 publications in 2 languages and 35 library holdings
Roles: Author, Other
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Sandra Caldeira
Tomorrow’s healthy society research priorities for foods and diets : final report by Anne-Katrin Bock( Book )

3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Making individualised diets a reality; and 4
Mapping and zooming in on childhood obesity by Sandra Caldeira( )

2 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Overweight and obesity are a challenge for children and adolescents worldwide and in the EU. This report shows the dimension of the challenge at the EU level and tells a series of stories, illustrated through maps, that highlight and make the case for the importance of showing data disaggregated at various levels (by socio-economic status or by region - NUTS2, and even NUTS3). The data and maps presented show that education level for example, is an important determinant of obesity. Data collected at local level are a powerful source of knowledge that can and should be used for evidence-informed and truly tailor-made targeted actions and policies. This is illustrated by the comprehensive yearly evaluation of children's health that the Portuguese city of Gaia organises and the actions that stem from it. Interventions at local level based on local data have immediacy and deliver a sense of action and empowerment that is hardly achievable at national level. The stories selected here are mere examples; other stories, using other disaggregated data sets, could have been told. There is room and need for deepening data collection relevant to children's health and childhood obesity and to make it more accessible and comparable. This will benefit decision-makers at every level, public health practitioners and researchers. And most importantly, it will benefit the health of children and adolescents in our continent
The role of nutrition in active and healthy ageing : for prevention and treatment of age-related diseases: evidence so far by Tsz Ning Mak( )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Europe is facing an ageing population. Life expectancy is at its highest and many European populations are experiencing major demographic changes and transition towards a much older population structure. However, despite living longer, many people suffer ill-health or disability in the last 15 to 20 years of life. To encourage active and healthy ageing and to help increase healthy life expectancy, the European Commission has launched the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (the Partnership), which aims to add an average of two healthy life years in Europe by 2020. This report aims to support the Partnership and to review the contribution of diet and nutrition in increasing healthy life years and promoting active and healthy ageing (AHA). The report gives a description of the main determinants of AHA including economic, social and behavioural factors and how they may relate to diet. It focusses on the issue of undernutrition in older people{u2013}both a cause and consequence of functional decline. Given the importance of undernutrition and that micronutrient deficiency is a common problem in older adults, this report summarises the evidence regarding micronutrient supplementations in the prevention and treatment of age-related diseases and conditions. At this stage, the current evidence seems insufficient to support the use of vitamin and mineral supplementation to prevent or treat specific cognitive or functional impairments in older people, although it does not imply that supplements are not effective. As it stands, another approach to ensure proper nutrition in older people is to maximise their intake of essential vitamins and minerals from natural food sources. Indeed, evidence so far on the Mediterranean Diet supports this whole diet approach to promote health, increase longevity and reduce the risks of various age-related diseases in observational studies. A number of research gaps are also highlighted in this report. Above all, there is a need to provide better guidance on diet and nutrition for older people and a set of age-specific, up-to-date dietary recommendations is essential to achieve this
Overview of the food chain system and the European regulatory framework in the fields of food safety and nutrition( Book )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To ensure the highest standards of food safety in the European Union and avoid barriers to internal trade, harmonised food legislation is implemented across all steps of the food and feed chain. However, recent crises have revealed certain vulnerabilities that can compromise these high food safety standards. At the same time, public health measures must address malnutrition to protect the health and wellbeing of EU citizens from chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer. To preserve the functioning of the food system towards the production of safe and nutritious food for healthy populations also in the future, policy must be able to respond to unforeseen disruptive developments. This may only be achieved through preparedness and through proactive rather than reactive policy-making initiatives. The aim of this report is to provide an overview of the current food safety and nutrition regulatory and policy framework in Europe up to 2014, identifying all the documents that are necessary for the implementation of food legislation. The legal acts are presented in this report following the flow of raw materials and food products through a model of the food chain. The main legal text(s) in each step of this chain were identified and briefly summarised. All legislation that is directly related to these main texts and provides additional implementation information was also identified and linked to the main texts in legislation maps. A detailed description of these legal acts in each field is included in the Annexes to the report
Trans fatty acids in diets : health and legislative implications : a workshop report, 9th-10th April 2013, Zagreb, Croatia( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mapping dietary prevention of cancer in the EU28 European national cancer plans and their coverage of dietary prevention of cancer( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There is solid evidence demonstrating that the risk of developing cancer (or some cancers in particular) can be reduced through various measures. The present report focuses on one particular aspect of cancer prevention-diets. It aims to raise awareness of the potential of dietary cancer prevention, analyses the European National Cancer Plans (NCPs) currently in place, details the level of attention they give to dietary prevention of cancer and highlights different types of population-oriented measures to promote it. Most of the NCPs analysed acknowledge a link between diet and/or physical activity and the prevention of various types of cancer. The majority of the actions targeting nutrition and physical activity are awareness raising campaigns. Concrete measures to make the healthy option easily available and effect behaviour change towards healthier lifestyles and dietary patterns (e.g. increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables) are less frequent. Clear implementation plans including resource allocation, targets and timelines, monitoring and evaluation are not a default practice in European NCPs. NCPs can and should be used to call for the involvement of other actors. The food and drink industry, the media, schools, healthcare providers, recreation centres, workplaces as well as cancer societies, patient organisations and local communities all have a role to play. Any lessons learned from the implementation of the measures proposed in the NCPs analysed should be openly discussed and shared so that successful actions can be effectively replicated throughout Europe. Currently, although much is known regarding cancer prevention, there is still a lot to learn. Nevertheless, these gaps should not prevent us from applying what is already known. Importantly, measures related to dietary prevention of cancer will not only reduce cancer incidence but also contribute to the reduction of other non-communicable diseases such as type II diabetes or cardiovascular disease
How to promote fruit and vegetable consumption in schools : a toolkit( )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Schools are a key environment to teach children healthy eating, thus helping them to form long-term positive dietary behaviours. School-based interventions can reach large groups of children of all social classes, and messages learned may be taken home to impact behaviours in the family and elsewhere. As children often consume at least one meal or snack at school, eating healthily in these meals reinforces their healthy eating knowledge and behaviour. This policy toolkit aims to support the EU Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020, particularly the area for action 'Promote healthier environments, especially in schools and pre-schools'. This area aims to establish children's health as a priority at schools and has as one of its objectives to increase daily consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables
How to promote water intake in schools : a toolkit( )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Schools are a key environment to teach children healthy hydration and form long-term positive beverage consumption behaviours. School-based interventions can reach large groups of children of all social classes, and messages learned may be taken home to impact behaviours in the family and elsewhere. As children often consume at least one meal or snack during a school day, promoting healthy beverage choices in these meals may reinforce their healthy nutrition knowledge and behaviour. Along these lines, having a policy on healthy school nutrition appears to help reduce SSB intake. This policy toolkit aims to support the EU Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020, particularly the area for action {u2018}Promote healthier environments, especially in schools and pre-schools{u2019}. This area aims to establish children{u2019}s health as a priority at schools and has as one of its objectives to {u2018}increase [{u2026}] water intake in schools{u2019}
Comparison of the nutrient profiling schemes of the EU Pledge and the World Health Organization regional office for Europe a toolkit( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Reducing the marketing of foods high in energy, certain fats, sugar, or salt to children is a key area for action in the EU Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020. Nutrient profiling can be used as a tool to define food and drink products eligible for marketing to children. This report compares the nutrient profile model recently developed by WHO Europe with the voluntary industry-devised EU Pledge, both intended to restrict food and drink advertising to children. Applying the WHO Europe model instead of the EU Pledge would likely result in fewer products being eligible for advertising to children
Network interventions for changing physical activity behaviour in preadolescents by Antonios Proestakis( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mapping of national school food policies across the EU28 plus Norway and Switzerland( )

3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Background: With childhood obesity prevalence on the rise in many European countries, schools may serve as a protected environment for children to learn healthy diet and lifestyle habits. Policy makers, educators and researchers would benefit from a comprehensive overview of European school food policies. Methods: We screened public databases, EU level reports, national ministerial websites and the scientific literature to collate official school food policies across Europe. Member States representatives checked that all appropriate documents (total of 34 policies) had been identified and referenced, and they reviewed and confirmed the extracted data. Results: Mandatory standards are defined in 18 of the policies (53%), the remainder offering voluntary guidelines. Top three policy aims are to improve child nutrition (97%), teach healthy dietary/lifestyle habits (94%) and reduce/prevent obesity (88%). Variations mainly relate to the types of meals targeted (e.g. lunch, breakfast, snack, dinner); whether standards/recommendations are nutrient- and/or food-based; and if vending machines and the wider food environment (kiosks near schools, packed lunches from home, etc.) are considered. Conclusion: We provide an up-to-date overview of European school food policies. The next step will be to assess the need and feasibility for developing best practice guidelines for school food policies in Europe, bearing in mind cultural and structural differences between countries
Delivering on EU food safety and nutrition in 2050 future challenges and policy preparedness( Book )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The foresight study 'Delivering on EU food safety and nutrition in 2050 - future challenges and policy preparedness' aims to aid policy makers in their assessment of the resilience of the current food policy and regulatory framework with a time horizon to 2050, contributing to ensuring that EU citizens continue to enjoy high standards of safe, nutritious and affordable food. The study employed the methodology of scenario development. The scenarios were constructed based on different developments of specific drivers that can significantly impact and bring change to the food system; these are global trade, EU economic growth, agro-food chain structure, technology uptake, social cohesion, food values, climate change, depletion of natural resources and world population growth. For each scenario, a number of food safety and nutrition challenges were identified and prioritised based on their importance and likelihood to occur. On this basis, scenario-specific policy options were developed as suggestions to policy-makers on how to address these challenges to ensure the resilience of the future EU food safety and nutrition regulatory framework. Research needs were also identified to complement the proposed policy options, as well as a set of food-chain related indicators that could inform in advance if the EU is headed towards one of the study’s scenarios
Trans fatty acids in Europe : where do we stand? : a synthesis of the evidence: 2003-2013( )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Trans fatty acids (TFA) are a particular type of unsaturated fatty acid. They are naturally present in food products made from ruminant animals such as dairy and meat from cattle, sheep or goat (naturally occurring ruminant TFA or rTFA) but can also be produced industrially (TFA of industrial origin or iTFA). Consumption of TFA is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) states that 'TFA intakes should be as low as is possible within the context of a nutritionally adequate diet'. Denmark was the first country to adopt legislation limiting the content of TFA in foods in 2003. In Europe, Switzerland (2008), Austria (2009), Iceland (2011), Hungary (2013) and Norway (2014) have legislation in place limit the content of TFA in foodstuffs. EU legislation does not regulate the content of TFA in foodstuff nor does it require its labelling.^The European Parliament and the Council have, however, requested as part of the recent Regulation (EC) No 1169/11 on the provision of food information to consumers that the European Commission (EC) reports on 'the presence of trans fats in foods and in the overall diet of the Union population'. It is expected that the results can inform further decisions on introducing, at European level, 'appropriate means that could enable consumers to make healthier food and overall dietary choices or that could promote the provision of healthier food options to consumers, including, among others, the provision of information on trans fats to consumers or restrictions on their use'. This report is a first step in addressing this request. The analysis of the most recent publicly available data confirms reported reduction of TFA in foods but also shows that there are still a number of foods with high levels of TFA (above 2g TFA per 100g of fat) in some European food markets.^Results from dietary surveys also indicate that although the overall population TFA intake is below the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended maximum of 1 E% there are subpopulations exceeding the recommended threshold. As long as products with high TFA content remain in the food market, it is possible that individuals may consume more than the recommended maximum. As it stands, there appears to be room for improvement of the European situation as regards the presence of iTFA in foodstuffs
Viewpoint: Future of food safety and nutrition - Seeking win-wins, coping with trade-offs( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: The possible implications of global trends such as climate change and resource scarcity on food security are high on the political agendas. While the food sufficiency aspect of food security takes centre-stage, the future of food safety and nutritional quality of diets often seems to be taken for granted. This paper builds on the results of a foresight study on EU food safety and nutrition towards 2050 to discuss potential future points of tension for food policy. Increasing food production while using fewer resources and reducing food waste while ensuring food safety are just two examples. Innovation at different levels in the food system will be needed to address future challenges. Fast technology uptake and the launch of new food-related products can put pressure on the ability to deliver timely risk assessments, the scope of which might also need to cover other legitimate factors. Future food policies need to be more sensitive to impacts on food safety and nutrition and health aspects. A holistic food systems approach must be taken to identify and discuss in advance possible tensions and trade-offs and to address them upfront in a systematic and transparent manner
Feasibility study on dietary recommendations for older adults in the European Union : Ispra, 23rd-24th October 2014( )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Despite mounting scientific evidence to support healthy and balanced diet in promoting active and healthy ageing, targeted, age-specific, and up-to-date dietary recommendations for older adults in Europe are not easy to find. On the 23-24 October 2014, the JRC organised an expert workshop 'Feasibility study on dietary recommendations for older adults in the European Union' to discuss the need for dietary recommendations targeting older adults in Europe, and to identify strategies to promote better diet to prevent malnutrition in the older population. Twenty-four experts from multiple disciplines related to nutrition and ageing from various European countries participated in the one and half day workshop. This report describes the workshop and its outcomes. In what regards the feasibility study, the overall consensus was that older adults who are healthy may not need additional specific dietary recommendations as the current general adult population recommendations are likely to be sufficient. It was added however that, even in healthy older adults, attention should be paid to vitamin D and protein intakes. Participants identified and developed points for action for three main strategies/working areas to promote better diet and reduce malnutrition in older adults. The strategies were 1) to develop targeted dietary guidelines for specific groups of older adults, 2) to implement general screening with a multi-disciplinary approach, and 3) to carry out additional research in a number of areas related to diet and ageing
Marketing of food, non-alcoholic, and alcoholic beverages : a toolkit to support the development and update of codes of conduct( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This document is a toolkit to support EU Member States in developing and updating their food, non-alcoholic, and alcoholic beverages marketing-related policies, also in the context of the transposition of the revised Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD) into national legislation. - It is intended as a practical tool for regulators to reduce the exposure of children to audiovisual commercial communications of 'foods and beverages that are high in salt, sugars, fat, saturated fats or trans fatty acids' (HFSS foods) or 'that otherwise do not fit national or international nutritional guidelines', and of 'alcoholic beverages' as stated in the revised AVMSD. - The toolkit provides a) a possible structure for a code of conduct on such marketing, b) a checklist and c) practical guidance. Guidance is given in the form of concrete examples extracted from existing codes implemented in Europe and beyond. - The toolkit includes a range of examples and considerations that each EU Member State may wish to use, adapt, discuss and reflect on, in respect of subsidiarity and national needs and contexts. - EU Member States have reported difficulties and common challenges including on digital marketing. This toolkit also offers some insights on potential ways to address them. - This document is to be viewed and kept as a living text; regular updates are planned to ensure that its usefulness is safeguarded and improved. EU Member States and other stakeholders are therefore encouraged to assess how this document is used and with what results, and provide feedback on how it can be improved
How can science support policy makers in addressing the nutritional challenges of Europe? : a workshop organised within the frame of the JRC enlargement and integration action programme( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

There is a clear albeit complex link between nutrition and health. This workshop brought together nutrition and public health experts from EU-Enlargement and Integration Action (E & IA) countries as well as current member states to discuss this link and attempt to answer the question "How can science support policy makers in addressing the nutritional challenges of Europe?". In line with one of the workshop aims, this report summarises the nutritional issues that affect the E & IA countries and that, not surprisingly, are similar to those affecting EU-27 nations and other developed countries. The most obvious examples are nutritional excesses such as high energy, salt or fat intake but several countries also reported micronutrient deficiencies, e.g. Vitamin D or iron.^While there are many actions already in place to promote healthy and sustainable eating at all levels, from European to local level, the fact that nutrition challenges like obesity still prevail indicates that there is a need to further refine and improve these actions. Focused and targeted research is needed both on the effectiveness of particular measures or interventions as well as on how to best implement them. The participants of the workshop identified four areas where further research is required to successfully refine and improve obesity-targeting measures in a way that is based on scientific methodologies and conclusive results.^These four areas are 1) Addressing limitations commonly found in nutrition and lifestyle interventions and trials 2) Assessing the effectiveness of obesity childhood interventions 3) Research into further reduction of portion size as a means to limit caloric intake 4) Exploring and identifying effective means to translating obesity research findings into actions and policies. It was not the aim of the workshop nor of this report to propose these as four priorities for research but rather to alert to the gaps in these areas and present them as four possible directions where research efforts could converge
Crescimento físico de escolares da rede de ensino do Município de Santo André (SP), 2004-2005 by Sandra Caldeira( Book )

1 edition published in 2005 in Portuguese and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) preconiza que "o estado de crescimento de crianças, talvez, seja o principal indicador geral das condições de saúde e nutricionais, em uma determinada comunidade, especialmente, em áreas do mundo em desenvolvimento". Apesquisa teve, por objetivo, identificar, através de uma abordagem transversal, as características de crescimento de escolares da Rede de Ensino do Municípiode Santo André(SP), estabelecendo comparações com padrões existentes na literatura e propondo indicadores referenciais, que possam ser utilizados na análise do crescimento e serviremcomo indicadores das condições de saúde da população estudada. Nenhuma diferença significativa foi verificada entre os sexos, em relação às variáveis estatura e peso corporal. Umaumento crescente significativo(p~O,001)foi observado, com o avançar da idade, para ambos os sexos. Observou-se, para a variável estatura, que o sexo feminino apresentou um ganho médio superior (5,6 cm/ano) ao apresentado pelo sexo masculino (5,2 cm/ano). Quanto aos resultados do peso corporal, um ganho médio em torno de 3,5 kg/ano, para ambos os sexos, resultou em um incremento médio anual superior ao encontrado na literatura (continua)
Sugars content in selected foods in the EU : a 2015 baseline to monitor sugars reduction progress( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In 2015, as part of the EU Framework for National Initiatives on Selected Nutrients, the EU High Level Group on Nutrition and Physical Activity (HLG) set as a target the reduction of added sugars in food products by a minimum of 10% by 2020 against a 2015 baseline. A suitable monitoring framework is necessary to describe the baseline situation and to evaluate the progress of food reformulation; its development is under way in some EU Member States, as well as part of the Joint Action on Nutrition and Physical Activity (JANPA). This report complements these activities by filling data gaps where needed and by providing a broad geographical coverage based on commercially available data collected in a harmonised way for branded products across Europe. It estimates sugars content from 2015 data for the three product categories identified by the HLG for immediate action: sugars sweetened beverages, breakfast cereals and dairy products. Based on market volume information, this report estimates the amount of total sugars sold to European consumers by these three product categories. By providing the mean sugars content, weighted by market share, for product (sub-) groups, it also highlights the existence of product groups whose reformulation is critical to achieving the 2020 target. The results highlight the need to adopt a multifaceted approach that targets not only individual high-sugars products, but also the products with high market shares that are contributing the highest overall volumes of sugars to consumers, independent of actual total sugars content. These results are calculated using 2015 data from a commercial market research company, Euromonitor International. The analysis is performed for 22 European countries; however, a comparison between countries is not provided due to differing market coverage
School food and nutrition in Europe : policies, interventions and their impact : a workshop report, 15-16 May 2014, JRC Ispra, Italy( )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Childhood obesity is on the rise in Europe. Schools are considered a protected environment where children should learn healthy diet and lifestyle habits early on. To this end, Member States have developed policies to guide school food provision among other important aspects. At a JRC workshop entitled 'School Food and Nutrition in Europe: policies, interventions and their impact', participants from national ministries, academia, and non-governmental organisations reviewed and discussed the current state of European school food policy, assessed knowledge gaps and suggested promising ways forward. During stimulating discussions the participants exchanged ideas on recipes for success in the area of school food provision and how to move forward including monitoring and surveillance. Concrete examples in terms of recipes for success were: (1) the building of partnerships, (2) local engagement and co-creation (the co-involvement of head-teachers was seen as crucial) and (3) increasing the availability of healthier options. Support from international organisations includes the EU School Fruit and Milk Schemes, the WHO Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI) and the Health Behaviour in School Children (HBSC) survey, the UNICEF Facts for Life programme, and the pooling of information resources and tools for health promoting schools by the SHE network. Moving forward, the participants highlighted various measures at many different levels from revisiting portion sizes to having benchmarking tools and comparable data. Monitoring and evaluation of school food policies and their implementation and effects are seen as essential and appropriate indicators were discussed
 
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Alternative Names
Louro Caldeira, Sandra

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