WorldCat Identities

Wollgast, Jan

Overview
Works: 21 works in 37 publications in 1 language and 58 library holdings
Roles: Author, dgs
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Jan Wollgast
Front-of-pack nutrition labelling schemes : a comprehensive review by Stefan Storcksdieck( )

5 editions published in 2020 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This JRC Science for Policy report was produced in support of a Commission report on front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling. It provides a review of the scientific literature concerning FOP nutrition labelling and its effects on consumers, food business operators, and the single market. A major emphasis is placed on consumer attention, preferences, and understanding of different FOP schemes, as well as effects on food purchasing and implications for diet and health. The report also considers in how far producer efforts on food reformulation and innovation may be affected by the introduction of FOP nutrition labelling schemes, describes potential unintended consequences of introducing FOP nutrition labelling, and highlights knowledge gaps and directions for future research. An extensive, yet non-exhaustive overview of FOP schemes around the globe complements the literature review
Tomorrow’s healthy society research priorities for foods and diets : final report by Anne-Katrin Bock( Book )

3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Foresight study ‘Tomorrow’s healthy society - research priorities for foods and diets’ was initiated to inform the selection of research challenges that will receive funding under the Horizon 2020 programme
Overview of the food chain system and the European regulatory framework in the fields of food safety and nutrition( Book )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To ensure the highest standards of food safety in the European Union and avoid barriers to internal trade, harmonised food legislation is implemented across all steps of the food and feed chain. However, recent crises have revealed certain vulnerabilities that can compromise these high food safety standards. At the same time, public health measures must address malnutrition to protect the health and wellbeing of EU citizens from chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer. To preserve the functioning of the food system towards the production of safe and nutritious food for healthy populations also in the future, policy must be able to respond to unforeseen disruptive developments. This may only be achieved through preparedness and through proactive rather than reactive policy-making initiatives. The aim of this report is to provide an overview of the current food safety and nutrition regulatory and policy framework in Europe up to 2014, identifying all the documents that are necessary for the implementation of food legislation. The legal acts are presented in this report following the flow of raw materials and food products through a model of the food chain. The main legal text(s) in each step of this chain were identified and briefly summarised. All legislation that is directly related to these main texts and provides additional implementation information was also identified and linked to the main texts in legislation maps. A detailed description of these legal acts in each field is included in the Annexes to the report
How to promote fruit and vegetable consumption in schools : a toolkit( )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Schools are a key environment to teach children healthy eating, thus helping them to form long-term positive dietary behaviours. School-based interventions can reach large groups of children of all social classes, and messages learned may be taken home to impact behaviours in the family and elsewhere. As children often consume at least one meal or snack at school, eating healthily in these meals reinforces their healthy eating knowledge and behaviour. This policy toolkit aims to support the EU Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020, particularly the area for action 'Promote healthier environments, especially in schools and pre-schools'. This area aims to establish children's health as a priority at schools and has as one of its objectives to increase daily consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables
Comparison of the nutrient profiling schemes of the EU Pledge and the World Health Organization regional office for Europe a toolkit( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Reducing the marketing of foods high in energy, certain fats, sugar, or salt to children is a key area for action in the EU Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020. Nutrient profiling can be used as a tool to define food and drink products eligible for marketing to children. This report compares the nutrient profile model recently developed by WHO Europe with the voluntary industry-devised EU Pledge, both intended to restrict food and drink advertising to children. Applying the WHO Europe model instead of the EU Pledge would likely result in fewer products being eligible for advertising to children
Trans fatty acids in diets : health and legislative implications : a workshop report, 9th-10th April 2013, Zagreb, Croatia( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mapping of national school food policies across the EU28 plus Norway and Switzerland( )

3 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Background : With childhood obesity prevalence on the rise in many European countries, schools may serve as a protected environment for children to learn healthy diet and lifestyle habits. Policy makers, educators and researchers would benefit from a comprehensive overview of European school food policies. Methods : We screened public databases, EU level reports, national ministerial websites and the scientific literature to collate official school food policies across Europe. Member States representatives checked that all appropriate documents (total of 34 policies) had been identified and referenced, and they reviewed and confirmed the extracted data. Results : Mandatory standards are defined in 18 of the policies (53%), the remainder offering voluntary guidelines. Top three policy aims are to improve child nutrition (97%), teach healthy dietary/lifestyle habits (94%) and reduce/prevent obesity (88%). Variations mainly relate to the types of meals targeted (e.g. lunch, breakfast, snack, dinner); whether standards/recommendations are nutrient- and/or food-based; and if vending machines and the wider food environment (kiosks near schools, packed lunches from home, etc.) are considered. Conclusion : We provide an up-to-date overview of European school food policies. The next step will be to assess the need and feasibility for developing best practice guidelines for school food policies in Europe, bearing in mind cultural and structural differences between countries
How to promote water intake in schools : a toolkit( )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Schools are a key environment to teach children healthy hydration and form long-term positive beverage consumption behaviours. School-based interventions can reach large groups of children of all social classes, and messages learned may be taken home to impact behaviours in the family and elsewhere. As children often consume at least one meal or snack during a school day, promoting healthy beverage choices in these meals may reinforce their healthy nutrition knowledge and behaviour. Along these lines, having a policy on healthy school nutrition appears to help reduce SSB intake. This policy toolkit aims to support the EU Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020, particularly the area for action {u2018}Promote healthier environments, especially in schools and pre-schools{u2019}. This area aims to establish children{u2019}s health as a priority at schools and has as one of its objectives to {u2018}increase [{u2026}] water intake in schools{u2019}
Mapping and zooming in on childhood obesity by Sandra Caldeira( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Overweight and obesity are a challenge for children and adolescents worldwide and in the EU. This report shows the dimension of the challenge at the EU level and tells a series of stories, illustrated through maps, that highlight and make the case for the importance of showing data disaggregated at various levels (by socio-economic status or by region - NUTS2, and even NUTS3). The data and maps presented show that education level for example, is an important determinant of obesity. Data collected at local level are a powerful source of knowledge that can and should be used for evidence-informed and truly tailor-made targeted actions and policies. This is illustrated by the comprehensive yearly evaluation of children's health that the Portuguese city of Gaia organises and the actions that stem from it. Interventions at local level based on local data have immediacy and deliver a sense of action and empowerment that is hardly achievable at national level. The stories selected here are mere examples; other stories, using other disaggregated data sets, could have been told. There is room and need for deepening data collection relevant to children's health and childhood obesity and to make it more accessible and comparable. This will benefit decision-makers at every level, public health practitioners and researchers. And most importantly, it will benefit the health of children and adolescents in our continent
How can science support policy makers in addressing the nutritional challenges of Europe? : a workshop organised within the frame of the JRC enlargement and integration action programme( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

There is a clear albeit complex link between nutrition and health. This workshop brought together nutrition and public health experts from EU-Enlargement and Integration Action (E & IA) countries as well as current member states to discuss this link and attempt to answer the question "How can science support policy makers in addressing the nutritional challenges of Europe?". In line with one of the workshop aims, this report summarises the nutritional issues that affect the E & IA countries and that, not surprisingly, are similar to those affecting EU-27 nations and other developed countries. The most obvious examples are nutritional excesses such as high energy, salt or fat intake but several countries also reported micronutrient deficiencies, e.g. Vitamin D or iron.^While there are many actions already in place to promote healthy and sustainable eating at all levels, from European to local level, the fact that nutrition challenges like obesity still prevail indicates that there is a need to further refine and improve these actions. Focused and targeted research is needed both on the effectiveness of particular measures or interventions as well as on how to best implement them. The participants of the workshop identified four areas where further research is required to successfully refine and improve obesity-targeting measures in a way that is based on scientific methodologies and conclusive results.^These four areas are 1) Addressing limitations commonly found in nutrition and lifestyle interventions and trials 2) Assessing the effectiveness of obesity childhood interventions 3) Research into further reduction of portion size as a means to limit caloric intake 4) Exploring and identifying effective means to translating obesity research findings into actions and policies. It was not the aim of the workshop nor of this report to propose these as four priorities for research but rather to alert to the gaps in these areas and present them as four possible directions where research efforts could converge
Viewpoint: Future of food safety and nutrition - Seeking win-wins, coping with trade-offs( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: The possible implications of global trends such as climate change and resource scarcity on food security are high on the political agendas. While the food sufficiency aspect of food security takes centre-stage, the future of food safety and nutritional quality of diets often seems to be taken for granted. This paper builds on the results of a foresight study on EU food safety and nutrition towards 2050 to discuss potential future points of tension for food policy. Increasing food production while using fewer resources and reducing food waste while ensuring food safety are just two examples. Innovation at different levels in the food system will be needed to address future challenges. Fast technology uptake and the launch of new food-related products can put pressure on the ability to deliver timely risk assessments, the scope of which might also need to cover other legitimate factors. Future food policies need to be more sensitive to impacts on food safety and nutrition and health aspects. A holistic food systems approach must be taken to identify and discuss in advance possible tensions and trade-offs and to address them upfront in a systematic and transparent manner
Novel and established intestinal cell line models - an indispensable tool in food science and nutrition( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This review presents the aaplications of intestinal cell models of human and pig origin in food and nutritional sciences and highlights their potential as in vitro platforms for preclinical research. Intestinal cell models are used in studies of bioavailability, adsorption and transport in nutritional or toxicological settings, allergic effects of food components, as well as probiotics and/or host-pathogen gut interactions. In addition, this review discusses the advantages of using specialized and functional cell models over generic cancer-derived cell lines
Trans fatty acids in Europe : where do we stand? : a synthesis of the evidence: 2003-2013( )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Trans fatty acids (TFA) are a particular type of unsaturated fatty acid. They are naturally present in food products made from ruminant animals such as dairy and meat from cattle, sheep or goat (naturally occurring ruminant TFA or rTFA) but can also be produced industrially (TFA of industrial origin or iTFA). Consumption of TFA is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) states that 'TFA intakes should be as low as is possible within the context of a nutritionally adequate diet'. Denmark was the first country to adopt legislation limiting the content of TFA in foods in 2003. In Europe, Switzerland (2008), Austria (2009), Iceland (2011), Hungary (2013) and Norway (2014) have legislation in place limit the content of TFA in foodstuffs. EU legislation does not regulate the content of TFA in foodstuff nor does it require its labelling.^The European Parliament and the Council have, however, requested as part of the recent Regulation (EC) No 1169/11 on the provision of food information to consumers that the European Commission (EC) reports on 'the presence of trans fats in foods and in the overall diet of the Union population'. It is expected that the results can inform further decisions on introducing, at European level, 'appropriate means that could enable consumers to make healthier food and overall dietary choices or that could promote the provision of healthier food options to consumers, including, among others, the provision of information on trans fats to consumers or restrictions on their use'. This report is a first step in addressing this request. The analysis of the most recent publicly available data confirms reported reduction of TFA in foods but also shows that there are still a number of foods with high levels of TFA (above 2g TFA per 100g of fat) in some European food markets.^Results from dietary surveys also indicate that although the overall population TFA intake is below the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended maximum of 1 E% there are subpopulations exceeding the recommended threshold. As long as products with high TFA content remain in the food market, it is possible that individuals may consume more than the recommended maximum. As it stands, there appears to be room for improvement of the European situation as regards the presence of iTFA in foodstuffs
Current challenges linked to the implementation of the EU health-claim-regulation (1924/2006/EC) regulatory aspects, nutritional questions regarding cholesterol lowering health claims, and economical perspectives of functional food by Angelika Kampfer( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Zusammenfassung: Europa steht einem wachsenden Problem durch ernährungsbedingte Krankheiten gegenüber. Funktionelle Lebensmittel werden in diesem Zusammenhang als eine Möglichkeit präsentiert, der Entwicklung entgegenzuwirken und den Gesundheitszustand in Europa allgemein zu verbessern. Dieser Ansatz kann und wird jedoch aus verschiedenen Gründen kritisiert: Die Verordnung 1924/2006, einst verabschiedet um den Gebrauch von Gesundheitsversprechen auf Lebensmitteln zu regulieren, weist noch immer Unklarheiten auf. Diese Lücken führten in der Vergangenheit zu Problemen durch Fehlinterpretationen und ungeklärte Verantwortungsbereiche. Auch die finanzielle Perspektive dieses Marktsegmentes wirft Fragen auf. Unter anderem ist es fragwürdig, ob funktionelle Lebensmittel sowie ihre positive Wirkung eine generell erschwingliche Alternative zu konventionellen Produkten darstellen. Die Ergebnisse einer für die Arbeit aufgestellten Kalkulation unterstützt die Annahme, dass funktionelle Lebensmittel besserverdienenden Konsumenten wesentlich eher zugänglich sind. Eine jedoch weitaus kritischer und kontroverser diskutierte Frage ist die nach den tatsächlichen Effekten funktioneller Lebensmittel. Anhand des Beispiels Cholesterinsenkung zur Prävention kardiovaskulärer Erkrankungen wird die Notwendigkeit dieser Produkte diskutiert und nicht zuletzt zumindest in Teilen in Frage gestellt
Comparison of monitoring approaches for selected priority pollutants in surface water : an initiative in support to the Water Framework Directive Chemical Monitoring Activity( Book )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The report on the Chemical Monitoring Activity On-Site event describes the comparison of different methodologies currently applied in European laboratories for the analysis of pollutants that shall be regulated within the Water Framework Directive
Marketing of food, non-alcoholic, and alcoholic beverages : a toolkit to support the development and update of codes of conduct( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This document is a toolkit to support EU Member States in developing and updating their food, non-alcoholic, and alcoholic beverages marketing-related policies, also in the context of the transposition of the revised Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD) into national legislation. - It is intended as a practical tool for regulators to reduce the exposure of children to audiovisual commercial communications of 'foods and beverages that are high in salt, sugars, fat, saturated fats or trans fatty acids' (HFSS foods) or 'that otherwise do not fit national or international nutritional guidelines', and of 'alcoholic beverages' as stated in the revised AVMSD. - The toolkit provides a) a possible structure for a code of conduct on such marketing, b) a checklist and c) practical guidance. Guidance is given in the form of concrete examples extracted from existing codes implemented in Europe and beyond. - The toolkit includes a range of examples and considerations that each EU Member State may wish to use, adapt, discuss and reflect on, in respect of subsidiarity and national needs and contexts. - EU Member States have reported difficulties and common challenges including on digital marketing. This toolkit also offers some insights on potential ways to address them. - This document is to be viewed and kept as a living text; regular updates are planned to ensure that its usefulness is safeguarded and improved. EU Member States and other stakeholders are therefore encouraged to assess how this document is used and with what results, and provide feedback on how it can be improved
Delivering on EU food safety and nutrition in 2050 future challenges and policy preparedness( Book )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The foresight study 'Delivering on EU food safety and nutrition in 2050 - future challenges and policy preparedness' aims to aid policy makers in their assessment of the resilience of the current food policy and regulatory framework with a time horizon to 2050, contributing to ensuring that EU citizens continue to enjoy high standards of safe, nutritious and affordable food. The study employed the methodology of scenario development. The scenarios were constructed based on different developments of specific drivers that can significantly impact and bring change to the food system; these are global trade, EU economic growth, agro-food chain structure, technology uptake, social cohesion, food values, climate change, depletion of natural resources and world population growth. For each scenario, a number of food safety and nutrition challenges were identified and prioritised based on their importance and likelihood to occur. On this basis, scenario-specific policy options were developed as suggestions to policy-makers on how to address these challenges to ensure the resilience of the future EU food safety and nutrition regulatory framework. Research needs were also identified to complement the proposed policy options, as well as a set of food-chain related indicators that could inform in advance if the EU is headed towards one of the study’s scenarios
Sugars content in selected foods in the EU : a 2015 baseline to monitor sugars reduction progress( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In 2015, as part of the EU Framework for National Initiatives on Selected Nutrients, the EU High Level Group on Nutrition and Physical Activity (HLG) set as a target the reduction of added sugars in food products by a minimum of 10% by 2020 against a 2015 baseline. A suitable monitoring framework is necessary to describe the baseline situation and to evaluate the progress of food reformulation; its development is under way in some EU Member States, as well as part of the Joint Action on Nutrition and Physical Activity (JANPA). This report complements these activities by filling data gaps where needed and by providing a broad geographical coverage based on commercially available data collected in a harmonised way for branded products across Europe. It estimates sugars content from 2015 data for the three product categories identified by the HLG for immediate action: sugars sweetened beverages, breakfast cereals and dairy products. Based on market volume information, this report estimates the amount of total sugars sold to European consumers by these three product categories. By providing the mean sugars content, weighted by market share, for product (sub-) groups, it also highlights the existence of product groups whose reformulation is critical to achieving the 2020 target. The results highlight the need to adopt a multifaceted approach that targets not only individual high-sugars products, but also the products with high market shares that are contributing the highest overall volumes of sugars to consumers, independent of actual total sugars content. These results are calculated using 2015 data from a commercial market research company, Euromonitor International. The analysis is performed for 22 European countries; however, a comparison between countries is not provided due to differing market coverage
School food and nutrition in Europe : policies, interventions and their impact : a workshop report, 15-16 May 2014, JRC Ispra, Italy( )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Childhood obesity is on the rise in Europe. Schools are considered a protected environment where children should learn healthy diet and lifestyle habits early on. To this end, Member States have developed policies to guide school food provision among other important aspects. At a JRC workshop entitled 'School Food and Nutrition in Europe: policies, interventions and their impact', participants from national ministries, academia, and non-governmental organisations reviewed and discussed the current state of European school food policy, assessed knowledge gaps and suggested promising ways forward. During stimulating discussions the participants exchanged ideas on recipes for success in the area of school food provision and how to move forward including monitoring and surveillance. Concrete examples in terms of recipes for success were: (1) the building of partnerships, (2) local engagement and co-creation (the co-involvement of head-teachers was seen as crucial) and (3) increasing the availability of healthier options. Support from international organisations includes the EU School Fruit and Milk Schemes, the WHO Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI) and the Health Behaviour in School Children (HBSC) survey, the UNICEF Facts for Life programme, and the pooling of information resources and tools for health promoting schools by the SHE network. Moving forward, the participants highlighted various measures at many different levels from revisiting portion sizes to having benchmarking tools and comparable data. Monitoring and evaluation of school food policies and their implementation and effects are seen as essential and appropriate indicators were discussed
 
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English (36)