WorldCat Identities

Coumet, Ernest

Overview
Works: 30 works in 47 publications in 3 languages and 179 library holdings
Genres: Textbooks 
Roles: Editor, Author, Translator, Thesis advisor, Honoree, Interviewer, Interviewee
Classifications: BC135,
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Ernest Coumet
Lewis Carroll's Symbolic logic : part I, Elementary, 1896, fifth edition, part II, Advanced, never previously published : together with letters from Lewis Carroll to eminent nineteenth-century logicians and to his "logical sister," and eight versions of the Barber-shop paradox by Lewis Carroll( Book )

10 editions published between 1966 and 1982 in French and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This classic work by renowned author Lewis Carroll reflects this Oxford University math professor's love of logic problems
Logique et Linguistique by Ernest COUMET( Book )

3 editions published in 1966 in French and English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Logique sans peine : Illustrations de Max Ernst. Traduction et présentation de Jean Gattegno et Ernest Coumet. 3e édition revue et corrigée by Lewis Carroll( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in Undetermined and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lewis Carroll by Henri Parisot( Book )

1 edition published in 1971 in French and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les théories électriques en France by Michel Atten( Book )

4 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in French and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'APPROCHE ADOPTEE DANS CETTE THESE EST CELLE DE L'ANALYSE D'UNE COMMUNAUTE A TRAVERS LA PRATIQUE SPECULATIVE ET EXPERIMENTALE DE L'ENSEMBLE DES ACTEURS, QU'ILS SOIENT MATHEMATICIENS, PHYSICIENS OU INGENIEURS, INTERVENANT DANS LE CHAMP DE L'ELECTRODYNAMIQUE (ELECTROMAGNETISME). CETTE ANALYSE PERMET DE METTRE EN EVIDENCE DEUX TRAITS PROPRES A LA SITUATION FRANCAISE : UNE CESURE PROFONDE DU MONDE UNIVERSITAIRE ENTRE CEUX EN CHARGE DES THEORIES, LES MATHEMATICIENS, ET CEUX QUI EXPERIMENTENT, LES PHYSICIENS; LE ROLE CENTRAL JOUE PAR UN GROUPE OUBLIE PAR LA DOXA: LES INGENIE CE SONT ICI DES TELEGRAPHISTES, ISSUS DE L'ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE, QUI SONT LES PREMIERS A LIRE, A COMMENTER ET A TRADUIRE MAXWELL. LES CHOIX ADOPTES PERMETTENT DE REMETTRE EN CAUSE L'HISTORIOGRAPHIE DOMINANTE CONCERNANT L'ELECTROMAGNETISME CLASSIQUE : L'OPPOSITION ENTRE DEUX TRADITIONS - L'UNE, BRITANNIQUE, PRIVILEGIANT L'ACTION DE PROCHE EN PROCHE (MAXWELL), L'AUTRE, CONTINENTALE, RAISONNANT SELON L'ACTION A DISTANCE (HELMHOLTZ) - QUI SE "RESOUT", COMME LE VEUT LA VULGATE POSITIVISTE, PAR LES EXPERIENCES DE HERTZ. LA THESE MONTRE LA CONSTITUTION PROGRESSIVE D'UN ENSEMBLE THEORIQUE (LA "THEORIE DE MAXWELL") QUI DEVIENT DOMINANT A L'ISSU D'UN PROCESSUS COMPLEXE DANS LEQUEL INTERVIENNENT DE MULTIPLES FACTEURS : DIVERSES TRADITIONS THEORIQUES (AMPERIENNE, MAXWELLIENNE, HELMHOLTZIENNE, MECANIQUE DE L'ETHER ...), MAIS EGALEMENT LA PLACE INSTITUTIONNELLE DES ACTEURS, LES RETOMBEES DE LA GUERRE FRANCO-PRUSSIENNE, LA CONCEPTION "LOCALE" DE LA THEORIE PHYSIQUE, ET SURTOUT LE TEMPS. AINSI APPARAIT QUE LA SCIENCE EST UNE ACTIVITE COLLECTIVE (A CETTE EPOQUE, LA COMMUNAUTE EST NATIONALE), PRODUITE PAR DES ACTEURS QUI SE CONNAISSENT ET PARTAGENT DES SAVOIRS TACITES. CETTE THESE COMBINE ANALYSES MACRO-SOCIALES (DESCRIPTION DE COMMUNAUTE, DE L'ADMINISTRATION DES P. ET T., ANALYSE DE PERIODIQUES) ET ETUDES DE TRAVAUX SCIENTIFIQUES THEORIQUES DE MATHEMATICIENS (POINCARE, DUHEM, BERTRAND, MATHIEU, RESAL), DE PHYSICIENS (BRILLOUIN, MASCART, LES PROFESSEURS DE L'ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE, CORNU, POTIER, JAMIN), DES INGENIEURS TELEGRAPHISTES (BLAVIER, GOUNELLE, RAYNAUD, VASCHY) ET EXPERIMENTAUX (HERTZ, SARASIN ET DE LA RIVE, BLONDLOT)
La valeur pratique du calcul des probabilités selon Émile Borel (les maîtres de l'erreur) by Stéphane Callens( Book )

2 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in French and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

THE HU GE SUCCESS OF STATISTICAL AND PROBABILISTICAL APPROACHES IS STILL A MYSTERY. NE VERTHELESS, A NEW HISTORICAL LOOK AT THE WORK OF PROBABILIST EMILE BOREL AND OF SOME OF HIS PREDECESSORS, ALLOWS US TO REALIZE THE SHIFTS OPERATED BY THE MASSIVE PROBABILISATION OF SCIENCES SINCE THE MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. ONE SHOULD FIRST SEE IN IT A PROMOTION OF PRECISION, NOT SO MUCH AS THE INSTRUMENTAL EQUIPMENT OF A PROCEDURE FOR REACHING TRUTH, BUT RATHER AS THE AUTONOMISATION OF ANALYTICO-NUMERICAL PROCESSES FROM ALGEBRICO-LOGICAL PROCESSES. PRECISION AS A REQUIREMENT IN THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE SOCIAL OR NATURAL WORLD OPENS A SPACE FOR MEN TO ADJUST TO THE WORLD, A SPACE LEFT OPEN ESPECIALLY FOR THE STATISTICAL AND PROBABILISTIC APPROACHES. MORE SO, ONE SHOULD SEE IN THE WORK OF EMILE BOREL, THE COMPLETION OF A TOTAL REFORM OF THE IDEA OF MEASURE. THE NOTION OF MEASURE INCLUDED OLD JUNCTIONS BETWEEN PROPORTION, HARMONY, EXCESS. THESE HAVE BEEN TRANSFORMED TO LEAVE THE WAY TO A NEW MEASURE, FREE IN ITS DIVERSITY, AXIOMATICALY PURGED, AND EFFICIENT IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF RELATIONS FITTED TO THE SOCIAL AND NATURAL WORLD
Lógica y lingüística by Ernest Coumet( Book )

2 editions published in 1978 in Spanish and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Histoire des jeux, jeux de l'histoire : Journées Coumet, Novembre 1999( Book )

1 edition published in 2002 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mersenne, Frenicle, et l'élaboration de l'analyse combinatoire dans la première moitié du XVIIe siècle by Ernest Coumet( Book )

1 edition published in 1968 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Constitution d'épistémologies évolutionnistes by Françoise Longy( Book )

1 edition published in 1989 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

CETTE THESE CHERCHE A FAIRE RESSORTIR LA CONTINUITE EXISTANT ENTRE LES CONCEPTIONS DEVELOPPEES PAR LES NEOPOSITIVISTES ET PAR WITTGENSTEIN AUTOUR DES ANNEES TRENTE A VIENNE ET LES EPISTEMOLOGIES EVOLUTIONNISTES QUI SONT APPARUES A PARTIR DES ANNEES SOIXANTE DANS LE MONDE ANGLO-SAXON. L'ANALYSE DES THEORIES DE CARNAP ET DE WITTGENSTEIN MET L'ACCENT SUR LA TRANSFORMATION QU'ILS FONT SUBIR A L'A PRIORI KANTIEN ET EXPLICITE LA PERSPECTIVE NOUVELLE QU'ILS OUVRENT AINSI A LA REFLEXION PHILOSOPHIQUE. NOUS MONTRONS COMMENT A PARTIR DE LA SE DESSINE UN DOUBLE PARCOURS : LE PREMIER CONDUISANT DU CONVENTIONNALISME DES NEOPOSITIVISTES A L'EPISTEMOLOGIE EVOLUTIONNISTE DE POPPER, ET LE DEUXIEME DE LA THEORIE DU LANGAGE DE WITTGENSTEIN A L'EPISTEMOLOGIE EVOLUTIONNISTE DE TOULMIN. ENFIN, APRES AVOIR DEGAGE LES THESES CONSTITUTIVES DE CHACUNE DE CES DEUX CONCEPTIONS, NOUS ANALYSONS LES CONTRIBUTIONS QU'ELLES APPORTENT A LA REFLEXION EPISTEMOLOGIQUE CONTEMPORAINE. TROIS APPENDICES PERMETTENT DE DISTINGUER L'EPISTEMOLOGIE EVOLUTIONNISTE DE POPPER ET DE TOULMIN DE CONCEPTIONS APPROCHANTES, EN PARTICULIER DE L'"EVOLUTIONARE ERKENNTNISTHEORIE" ALLEMANDE DE CES QUINZE DERNIERES ANNEES
L'ARITHMETIQUE DE LA PROVIDENCE JOHANN PETER SUSSMILCH, 1707-1767 by Jean-Marc Rohrbasser( Book )

1 edition published in 1997 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

CE TRAVAIL A POUR OBJECTIF DE PRECISER LA MANIERE DONT LES SCIENCES SOCIALES SE DEVELOPPENT A PARTIR D'UN TERREAU PHILOSOPHICO-THEOLOGIQUE : LE PASTEUR SUBMILCH ORIENTA SES RECHERCHES VERS LES LOIS QUUI REGISSENT LES NAISSANCES, LES DECES ET LES MARIAGES. LE PASTEUR VIT A UNE EPOQUE RICHE EN EVENEMENTS PHILOSOPHIQUES : LES DEBUTS DE L'AUFKLDRUNG ; LA TRANSITION LENTE QUI MENE DU RATIONALISME WOLFFIEN AU CRITICISME KANTIEN ; LA DERNEIRE PHILOSOPHIE DE LEIBNIZ QUI CONDUIT A LA NATURPHILOSOPHIE ; ENFIN LE COURANT ANGLAIS DE LA PHYSICO-THEOLOGIE ISSU DE LA PHILOSOPHIE NATURELLE DE NEWTON. LA THEOLOGIE LUTHERIENNE JOUE EGALEMENT SON ROLE : LA PHYSICO-THEOLOGIE ET LE RATIONALISME WOLFFIEN TROUVENT LEUR DEPASSEMENT DANS UNE CONCEPTION DE LA TOUTE-PUISSANCE DE DIEU ET DE SA PROVIDENCE, CE QUI PERMET AU PASTEUR D'INTEGRER LES INFLUENCES HOLLANDAISES, ANGLAISES ET ALLEMANDES. IL FAUT DONC REPLACER L'OEUVRE DU PASTEUR DANS LE CONTEXTE DE SON EPOQUE. LA THESE S'Y EMPLOIE EN TROIS MOMENTS : EN FAISANT D'ABORD LE RECIT DE LA VIE DE SUBMILCH, ENTENDU COMME UNE ESQUISSE D'HISTOIRE INTELLECTUELLE. CE QUI CONDUIT A PRIVILEGIER DEUX ASPECTS : L'ACADEMIE DE BERLIN QUI FUT LE LIEU D'EXERCICE SCIENTIFIQUE DU PASTEUR D'UNE PART, ET D'AUTRE PAR LES RAPPORTS QU'IL ENTRETINT OU N'ENTRETINT PAS AVEC LE POUVOIR POLITIQUE, FREDERIC II DE PRUSSE EN L'OCCURRENCE ; QUELLE POLITIQUE ET QUELLE PHILOSOPHIE ETAIENT-ELLES POSSIBLES POUR L'ORDRE DIVIN? LE DEUXIEME MOMENT EST PROPREMENT CELUI DE L'UTILISATION DE L'ARITHMETIQUE POLITIQUE, OBJET QUE L'ON TENTE DE PRECISER PAR RAPPORT AUX RECHERCHES BIBLIQUES DU PASTEUR. CE DERNIER PRIVILEGIE EN EFFET DEUX AXES : L'ORDRE DE LA MORTALITE - QUI CONNAITRA LES DEVELOPPEMENTS QUE L'ON SAIT EN DEMOGRAPHIE CONTEMPORAINE : LA TABLE DE MORTALITE - ET L'INTERPRETATION "STATISTIQUE" DES DONNEES FOURNIES PAR LA BIBLE. CES DEUX THEMES PERMETTENT D'APERCEVOIR EN TOUTE CLARTE L'OBJECTIF POURSUIVI PAR LE PASTEUR : FAIRE DES LOIS DE LA NATURE UNE MANIFESTATION DE LA GRANDEUR ET DE LA PUISSANCE DIVINE COMME SAGESSE ET SENS. C'EST CET ASPECT ENFIN QUI EST DEVELOPPE DANS LA TROISIEME PARTIE. COMMENT LA TOUTE-PUISSANCE DE DIEU EST LE FACTEUR GENERATEUR ET FEDERATEUR DU SYNCRETISME PHILOSOPHIQUE ET THEOLOGIQUE QUE SUBMILCH MET EN OEUVRE. LES EDITIONS SUCCESSIVES DE L'ORDRE DIVIN NE SONT PAS SEULES A LE MONTRER. MAIS L'ETUDE D'AUTRES OUVRAGES DU PASTEUR, ICI COMMENCEE, N'
Sur "le calcul ès jeux de hasard" de Huygens : dialogues avec les mathématiciens francais (1655-1657) par Ernest Coumet by Ernest Coumet( )

1 edition published in 1982 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Expérience géométrique et dialectique dans la géométrie et le problème de l'espace de Ferdinand Gonseth by Jaime Ruiz Gutiérrez( Book )

1 edition published in 1982 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mathématique sociale entretien avec Georges Théodule Guilbaud( Visual )

2 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

LA DIFFUSION DU COPERNICIANISME AU 16E SIECLE by Denis Savoie( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

IN 1551, THE GERMAN ASTRONOMER ERASME REINHOLD PUBLISHED THE PRUTENIC TABLES. THEY ARE THE FIRST ASTRONOMICAL TABLES BASED ON THE PLANETARY MODELS OF COPERNICUS' DE REVOLUTIONIBUS, PUBLISHED EIGHT YEARS EARLIER. FOR THE FIRST TIME IN FOURTEEN CENTURIES, THE ASTRONOMERS HAVE DISPOSED OF TABLES WICH WERE NOT DIRECTLY LINKED TO PTOLEMY'S ALMAGEST. FOR MORE THAN EIGHTY YEARS, THE PRUTENIC TABLES HAVE DOMINATED THE ASTRONOMY IN ALL THE EUROP, TAKING OVER THE MIDDLE-AGES TABLES. THE MAIN GOAL OF THIS THESIS WAS DOUBLE : 1 STUDY THE ROLE OF THE PRUTENIC TABLES IN THE DIFFUSION OF THE COPERNICIANISM. 2 - STUDY THEIR ASTRONOMICAL VALUES. TO DO SO, WE HAVE BEEN PUSHED TO DIRECTLY EXTRACT FROM THE TABLES THE ASTRONOMICAL CONSTANTS WICH HAD BEEN USED FOR THEIR OWN CREATIONS. THE POINT OF START WAS THE HYPOTHESIS THAT REINHOLD HAD FOLLOWED STRICTO SENSU THE PLANETARY MODELS OF COPERNICUS, BUT WITH A MODIFICATION OF SOME PARAMETERS. FROM THIS TABLES, WE HAVE BEEN ABLE TO RECONSTITUTE THE INITIAL VALUES THAT REINHOLD USED. IT WAS POSSIBLE TO COMPUTORIZE IN TOTALITY THE PRUTENIC TABLES, WICH HELP US TO CALULATE VERY QUICKLY THE POSITION OF AN OBJECT AT ANY TIME. FOR OUR SECOND GOAL, WE HAVE COMPARED THE RESULT OF THE PRUTENIC TABLES TO THE MODERN THEORIES DONE BY THE BUREAU DES LONGITUDES. TO BE ABLE TO EXTRACT THE CHARACTERISTICS AND THE ABNORMALITIES OF THE PRUTENIC TABLES, WE HAVE ALSO DONE SOME COMPARISIONS AT DIFFERENT INTERVALS OF TIME, FIRST ON A CENTURY, THEN ON 3000 YEARS. IT NOTABLY PERMITTED US TO DEMONSTRATE THAT ALL THE PLANETARY POSITIONS OF THE PRUTENIC TABLES WERE DECREASING IN ACCURACY VERY QUICKLY JUST BECAUSE A BAD INTERPRETATION OF THE EQUINOXES PRECESSION PHENOMENA. COPERNICUS, FOLLOWED BY REINHOLD, WANTED CONSIDER AMONG OTHER THINGS IN HIS MODELS ALL THE ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONS OF HIS PREDECESSORS, WICH OBLIGED HIM TO INCLUDE THE COMPLEX EPICYCLE MECANISMES WERE LOCALY
La Théorie cartésienne de l'explication scientifique by Iván Darío Arango( Book )

1 edition published in 1990 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

LE THEME DE L'EXPLICATION SCIENTIFIQUE PRESENTE DE NOMBREUX AVANTAGES POUR ETUDIER LA PENSEE CARTESIENNE ET SON ROLE DANS LA CRISE INTELLECTUELLE DU XVIIEME SIECLE. A PROPOS DE L'EXPLICATION SCIENTIFIQUE, ON PEUT PROPOSER UN ORDRE DES PROBLEMES LES PLUS SIGNIFICATIFS POSES PAR DESCARTES. CES PROBLEMES COMMENCENT AVEC LE PROJET D'UNIFICATION DES SCIENCES DANS LES "REGLES" ET CONTINUENT AVEC LES CONCEPTS FONDAMENTAUX DE LA PHYSIQUE, TELS QU'ILS SONT CONCUS DANS LE "MONDE". DANS LES "REGLES" ET DANS LE "MONDE", EXISTE UNE SEULE SORTE DES PROBLEMES ET DES PARADOXES, QUI SE MANIFESTE DANS LE PROJET DE MATHEMATISER LA PHYSIQUE, PROJET QUI MENE AUX CONCEPTS DE MATIERE ET DE MOUVEMENT ET QUI EST A LA BASE DU MECANISME ET DE LA METAPHYSIQUE. EN RESUME, ON PEUT AFFIRMER QUE, A PARTIR DE L'IDEE DE BASE SUR CE QUE DOIT ETRE LA SCIENCE, DESCARTES CONCOIT SA PHYSIQUE ET FIXE LE MECANISME COMME CONDITION DE TOUTE EXPLICATION ET DE TOUTE INTELLIGIBILITE, AVEC LES CONSEQUENCES METAPHYSIQUES BIEN CONNUES CONCERNANT LA DISTINCTION DU CORPS ET DE L'AME ET LES PROBLEMES FINAUX DE LEUR UNION. LE SUEL PROPOS DE CETTE RECHERCHE EST DONC D'APPRECIER LES ARGUMENTS CARTESIENS, D'EXAMINER COMMENT L'AUTEUR A POSE SES PROBLEMES ET COMMENT IL A ELABORE SES CONCEPTS
George Peacock (1791-1858) : la synthèse algébrique comme loi symbolique dans l'Angleterre des réformes (1830) by Marie-José Durand( Book )

1 edition published in 1985 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Alice est revenue Lewis Carroll, maître d'école buissonnière by Jacques-B Brunius( Recording )

1 edition published in 1999 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La philosophie mécanique (1630-1690) by Sophie Roux( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

TYPICAL OF THE MECHANICAL PHILOSOPHY IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY ARE TWO ONTOLOGICAL TENETS : ALL NATURAL CHANGES ARISE FROM A REDISTRIBUTION OF MOTIONS IN MATTER ; ALL NATURAL BODIES ARE ONLY MACHINES. THE PURPOSE OF THE WORK IS TO DETERMINE HOW THE CATEGORY OF MECHANICAL PHILOSOPHY CAN BE PROFITABLE FOR THE HISTORY OF SCIENTIFIC AND PHILOSOPHICAL IDEAS, AS WELL AS TO SHOW HOW MECHANICAL EXPLANATIONS CONTRIBUTED TO THE ELABORATION OF CLASSICAL SCIENCE. IT FOCUSES ON THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1630 AND 1690 ; MANY ARE THE THINKERS CONSIDERED : MERSENNE, GASSENDI, DESCARTES, HOBBES, CORDEMOY, ROHAULT, DE LA FORGE, REGIS, MALEBRANCHE, BERNIER, HUYGENS, LEIBNIZ, CHARLETON, HOOKE AND BOYLE. THE FIRST SECTION OF THE DISSERTATION THROWS SOME LIGHT ON THE CATEGORY OF MECHANICAL PHILOSOPHY BY CONFRONTING IT TO A SET OF GENERAL QUESTIONS. IN WHAT WAYS WERE MECHANICAL EXPLANATIONS CLEARER THAN SCHOLASTICAL EXPLANATIONS ? WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO EXPLAIN PHENOMENA IN TERMS OF MATTER AND MOTION ? WAS THE MECHANICAL PHILOSOPHY FROM THE BEGINNING DOOMED TO FAILURE BY THE VERY NATURE OF ITS AMBITION ? WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE IDEA THAT EVERYTHING IS A MECHANICAL DEVICE ? IS THERE A CONCEPTION OF SCIENCE AND A METHOD WHICH ARE SPECIFIC TO MECHANICAL PHILOSOPHY ? IN A SECOND SECTION SOME PARTICULAR CASES ARE THROUGHLY STUDIED IN ORDER TO SPECIFY WHAT THE MECHANICAL PHILOSOPHERS MEAN BY "SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION" : THE CARTESIAN EXPLANATIONS OF IMPENETRABILITY, HARDNESS AND SOLIDITY ; THE NATURE OF LIGHT ACCORDING TO DESCARTES ; THE EXPLANATIONS OF GRAVITY BY DESCARTES, HUYGENS AND MALEBRANCHE ; THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REBOUND AND ELASTICITY ; THE PHYSICS OF THE YOUNG LEIBNIZ
Probabilités et critique philosophique selon Cournot by Thierry Martin( Book )

1 edition published in 1994 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

THE THESIS AIMS TO STUDY THE LINK BETWEEN COURNOT'S IDEA OF PROBABILITIES AND HIS PHILOSOPHY COGNITION TO EMPHATHIZE THEIR RECIPORCAL INFLUENCE. COURNOT'S PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION ON THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF PROBABILITIES SHOWS A DOUBLE DISTINCTION BETWEEN OBJECTIVE AND SUBJECTIVE PROBILITIES ON THE ONE HAND, MATHEMATICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL PROBABILITIES ON THE OTHER HAND. THUS COURNOT'S APPROACH LEADS TO GIVE THE CALCULUS OF PROBABILITIES THE STATUS OF A PURE MATHEMATICAL THEORY AND TO ESTABLISH THE APPREHENSION OF REALITY ON A PROBABILISTIC GROUND, WHERE COURNOT'S ORIGINALITY LIES REGARDING THE HISTORY OF THE CALMCULUS OF PROBABILITIES AS MUCH AS THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. THE THESIS FIRST ANALYSES THE THEORETICALAND HISTORICAL CONDITIONS OF COURNOT'S INTERPRETATION OF PROBALILITIES, MEANING THE KIND OF CONNECTIONS BETWEEN PHILOSOPHY AND THE CALCULUS OF PROBABILITIES, THEN THE HISOTORY OF THE CALCULUS OF PROBABILITIES IN ITS CLASSICAL PERIOD, AND THEN ITS CONNECTION TO THE PENERALIZED COMBINATORY COURNOT CALLS "SYNTACTIC". THAT LEADS TO A STUDY OF COURNOT'S PROBABILISTIC DOCTRINE, EXAMINING THE PROBLEMS HIS OBJECTIVISTIC THEORY OF CHANCE BRINGS FORWARD, THE WARY HE GRANTS THE MATHEMATICAL PROBABILITY OBJECTIVE VALUE, THEN AND CONSEQUENTLY THE NATURE AND REACH OF THE APPLICATIONS OF THE CALCULUS OF PROBABILITIES AND STATISTICS. THE THIRD PART OF THE THESIS COMPLETES THE PREVIOUS ANALYSIS, EXAMINING ITS CONNECTION TO COURNOT'S PHILOSOPHY OF COGNITION ; IT INVESTIGATES THE NATURE OF PHILOSOPHICAL PROBABILITIES AND THEIR RELATIONS TO THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN RATIONAL ORDER AND LOGICAL ORDER, THE RELATION BETWEEN MATHEMATICS AND REALITY, THE NATURE OF INDUCTION, FINALITY AND THEIR CONNECTIONS TO THE CHANCE THEORY
 
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