WorldCat Identities

Gaume, Jacques

Overview
Works: 9 works in 9 publications in 2 languages and 14 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: QK660, 583.81
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Jacques Gaume
Efficacity of in-hospital multidimensional interventions of secondary prevention after acute coronary syndrome : a systematic review and meta-analysis( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Thèse. Biologie. Médecine. 2009
AT-risk alcohol use in young adults-effectiveness and mechanisms of brief motivational intervention as a primary and secondary prevention measure by Jacques Gaume( Book )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Thèse. Biologie. Médecine. 2011
Administering brief motivational interventions to young men results from a pilot census study among 19 year-old francophone Swiss men by Jacques Gaume( Book )

1 edition published in 2008 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

AIMS - To pilot the implementation of brief motivational intervention (BMI) among conscripts, and to test the effectiveness of BMI in young men voluntarily showing up for a single face-to-face alcohol BMI session. Participants were conscripts attending the army recruitment process in Lausanne. This process is mandatory for all Swiss males at age 19 and Lausanne serves all francophone Swiss men. METHODS - Of 3'227 young men that were seen during the army recruitment procedures, 445 voluntarily showed up for a BMI and 367 were included in the study (exclusions were random and unsystematic and related to organizational aspects in the recruitment center). After an initial assessment, subjects were randomized into two groups: an immediate BMI and a 6-month delayed BMI (waiting list design). A 6-month follow-up assessment was conducted in both groups. BMI was a face-to-face 20 minutes counseling session with a psychologist trained in motivational interviewing at baseline and a telephone session for the control group at follow-up. Strategies of BMI included the exploration and evocation of a possible behavior change, importance of future change, readiness to change, and commitment to change. A filmed example of such an intervention is available in French at www.alcoologie.ch. RESULTS - All procedures are now fully implemented and working and the provision of preventive efforts found general approval by the army. 3'227 were eligible for BMI and 445 of them (13.8%) showed up for receiving a BMI. 367 were included in the study, 181 in the BMI group and 186 in the control group. More than 86% of those included were reached at follow-up. With one exception all findings on alcohol use went in the expected direction, i.e. a stronger decrease in alcohol use (or a smaller increase as for usual weekly drinking amount) in the BMI group. The risk for risky single occasion drinking (RSOD) decreased from 57% at-risk users at baseline to 50.6%, i.e. a 6.4% point decrease in the BMI group, while there was only a 0.6% point decrease (from 57.5% to 56.9%) in the control group. Moreover, the study showed that there was a likelihood of crossover effects for other substances like tobacco smoking and cannabis use. Despite these encouraging and consistent positive findings, none reached significance at conventional levels (p <0.05). DISCUSSION - Data suggest a beneficial impact of BMI on alcohol use outcomes and potential effect on other substance use in 19-year old men attending the army recruitment and showing up voluntarily for BMI. As the main aim was to implement and test feasibility of conducting BMI in this setting none of our findings reached statistical significance. The consistency of findings across measures and substances, however, raises hope that non-significance in the present study does not mean no effect, but mainly insufficient power of this pilot study. [Authors]
Contribution à l'étude de la déhiscence du fruit chez les scrofularinées, par Jacques Gaumé, by Jacques Gaumé( Book )

1 edition published in 1909 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Père au singulier : la situation monoparentale masculine, de la réorganisation à la production de normalité by Jacques Gaume( Book )

1 edition published in 2004 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Intervention motivationnelle brève multisubstances auprès des jeunes adultes( )

1 edition published in 2007 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Nos jeunes patients cumulent souvent plusieurs comportements à risque, consommation d'alcool, de tabac et de cannabis associés à des comportements mettant leur santé en danger. Cet article présente une intervention motivationnelle brève (IMB) visant l'exploration de plusieurs comportements à risque à la fois et l'évaluation des perspectives de changement envisageable pour le patient en adéquation avec son système de valeurs et ses projets. Par son ancrage dans l'approche motivationnelle, l'IMB constitue une mesure de prévention adaptée aux jeunes adultes dans le cadre d'une relation dénuée de jugement, empathique et collaborative. Cette intervention de durée limitée devrait trouver des modes d'application appropriés et prometteurs en médecine de premier recours
Intervention motivationnelle brève multisubstances auprès des jeunes adultes( Visual )

1 edition published in 2007 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"L'intervention motivationnelle brève multisubstances (IMB) vise l'exploration de plusieurs comportements à risque à la fois et l'évaluation des perspectives de changement envisageable pour le jeune adulte en adéquation avec son système de valeurs et ses projets. Par son ancrage dans l'approche motivationnelle, l'IMB multisubstances constitue une mesure de prévention adaptée aux jeunes adultes dans le cadre d'une relation dénuée de jugement, empathique et collaborative."--Jaquette
Measurement invariance of alcohol instruments with Hispanic youth( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Introduction: Despite their widespread use across clinical and research settings, no study has yet investigated the fit of several standard alcohol measures for Hispanic youth, including those used to assess motivation to change, self-efficacy, peer norms, and problem drinking. This study thus served to address this gap by evaluating measurement invariance with substance-using youth. Methods: We enrolled a large sample of regular substance-using youth who were involved with the justice system ( N  = 368; 72.9% male; 76.9% Hispanic; M age = 16.17 years). Similar to the broader Hispanic population of the southwest United States (U.S.), Hispanic youth in the sample were on average 3.5th generation (with at least 1 foreign-born grand-parent). Following standard administration and scoring procedures, all youth completed measures of motivation to change (e.g., readiness rulers, intentions to change), self-efficacy (e.g., drink refusal in social situations), peer norms (e.g., peer norms for substance use), and problem drinking (e.g., substance use quantity/frequency; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; Rutgers Alcohol Problems Index; Timeline FollowBack). Measurement equivalence was evaluated via multiple group confirmatory factor analysis. Results: Our results indicated that each measure evaluated herein worked equally well for Hispanic and Caucasian youth. We found measurement invariance at every level tested. Conclusions: This study supports the validity and future use of these important and widely-used alcohol use measures for high-risk substance-using Hispanic youth. Further, given the representativeness of this sample within the southwestern U.S., these results show promise for generalizability to U.S.-born Hispanic youth within this geographic region
 
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