WorldCat Identities

Nicodemo, Catia

Works: 29 works in 36 publications in 2 languages and 98 library holdings
Roles: Author, Contributor, Other
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Catia Nicodemo
Gender pay gap and quantile regression in European families by Catia Nicodemo( )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we analyze the trend of the gender gap between wives and husbands for Mediterranean countries with a strong family tradition, using data from the European Household Panel (ECHP) of 2001 and the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) of 2006. In general, wives and husbands, when married, have the same characteristics but wives suffer from two types of discrimination with respect to husbands: a lower wage for the same work and a primary responsibility for children. This paper uses quantile regression and counterfactual decomposition methods to investigate whether a glass ceiling exists or if instead a sticky floor is more prevalent among European families over time (2001 and 2006). We correct for selectivity the unconditional wage distribution of married women and we show that the wage gap decomposition is different if we ignore self-selection. We find that the wage gap is positive in each country, and the greater part of it is composed of a discrimination effect, while the characteristics effect is small. In Mediterranean countries, wives suffer from the sticky floor effect, i.e. the gender gap is bigger at the bottom of distribution, while we can observe that the glass ceiling effect decreased in most countries in 2006. -- Gender pay gap ; selection ; quantile regression ; counterfactual decomposition
Child care and participation in the labor market for married women in Mediterranean countries( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wage Differentials between Native and Immigrant Women in Spain: Accounting for Differences in the Supports by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2011 in German and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Contribution of Social Transfers to the Reduction of Poverty by Nicholas T Longford( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Immigration and the reallocation of work health risks by Osea Giuntella( )

3 editions published between 2016 and 2018 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper studies the effects of immigration on the allocation of occupational physical burden and work health risks. Using data for England and Wales from the Labour Force Survey, we find that, on average, immigration leads to a reallocation of UK-born workers towards jobs characterized by lower physical intensity and injury risk. The results also show important differences across skill groups. Immigration reduces the average physical burden of UK-born workers with medium levels of education, but has no significant effect on those with low levels
Vocational high school or vocational college? : comparing the transitions from school to work by Cristina Lopez-Mayan( )

3 editions published in 2012 in English and German and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using a specific micro-dataset with information on working histories, we analyse the labour market entry of Spanish youths who have completed vocational education. According to the education system, young people can enter the labour market with vocational high school (upper secondary education) or with vocational college (tertiary education). Both present a period of workplace training, although, as they belong two distinct schooling levels, they have different entry requirements. Those who complete vocational college has spent more years in education and we would expect more success in finding a first job. Surprisingly, results do not confirm this hypothesis. We do not find important differences in the estimates of the determinants of transitions across types of vocational education. Apprenticeship has a very important role on increasing the hazard rate to employment and this result holds after controlling for unobserved heterogeneity and previous labour experience. -- duration models ; vocational education ; labour market entry ; apprenticeship
Modelling the dynamic effects of elective hospital admissions on emergency levels in England by Sergi Jimenez-Martin( )

2 editions published in 2019 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In England as elsewhere, policy makers are trying to reduce the pressure on costs due to rising hospital admissions by encouraging GPs to refer fewer patients to hospital specialists. This could have an impact on elective treatment levels, particularly procedures for conditions which are not life-threatening and can be delayed or perhaps withheld entirely. This study attempts to determine whether cost savings in one area of publicly funded health care may lead to cost increases in another and therefore have unintended consequences by offsetting the cost-saving benefits anticipated by policy makers. Using administrative data from Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) in England we estimate dynamic fixed effects panel data models for emergency admissions at Primary Care Trust and Hospital Trust levels for the years 2004-13, controlling for a group of area-specific characteristics and other secondary care variables. We find a negative link between current levels of elective care and future levels of emergency treatment. This observation comes from a time of growing admissions and there is no guarantee that the link between emergency and elective activity will persist if policy is effective in reducing levels of elective treatment, but our results suggest that the cost-saving benefits to the NHS from reducing elective treatment are reduced by between 5.6 per cent and 15.5 per cent in aggregate as a consequence of increased emergency activity
Change in the Distribution of House Prices across Spanish Cities by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2012 in German and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effects of immigration on NHS waiting times by Osea Giuntella( )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper analyses the effects of immigration on waiting times in the National Health Service (NHS) in England. Linking administrative records from the Hospital Episode Statistics (2003-2012) with immigration data drawn from the UK Labour Force Survey, we find that immigration reduced waiting times for outpatient referrals and did not have significant effects on waiting times in Accident and Emergency (A&E) and elective care. These results are explained by the fact that immigration increases natives' internal mobility and that immigrants tend to be healthier than the natives moving to different areas. On the contrary, we show that outpatient waiting times tend to increase in areas where native internal migrants moved into. Finally, we find evidence that immigration increased waiting times for outpatient referrals in more deprived areas outside London. The increase in average waiting times in more deprived areas is concentrated in the years immediately following the 2004 EU enlargement and vanished in the medium-run (e.g., 3 to 4 years)
The Gender Pay Gap in the Australian Private Sector: Is Selection Relevant across the Wage Distribution? by Yekaterina Chzhen( )

1 edition published in 2012 in German and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Random or Referral Hiring: When Social Connections Matter by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2012 in German and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Job search channels, neighborhood effects and wages inequality in developing countries the Colombian case by Gustavo García( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper analyses the relationship between social networks and the job search behaviour of individuals. Networking is not only based on friends and relatives but also on neighbourhood. The geographic closeness is associated to social interactions. Individuals who are in physical and social proximity share the same sources of information, because they divide individual characteristics or because they learn from one another's behaviour. Using data from Colombia in 2009 we explore how neighbourhoods have an effect on the channel used to search for a job (formal vs informal). People tend to opt for a formal or informal channel depending on the channel selected by employed people in their neighbourhood. In addition, we study the wage premium in using a formal or informal channel, exploring the inequality that can arise using a different job search method. Our results show that the neighbourhood affects the individual's job search method and referral workers earn less wage at the bottom of the wage distribution with respect to non-referred workers. At the top of the wage distribution the difference observed is due to different characteristics between the two groups. Colombia presents persistent high levels of informality and inequality. These features impose important social and economic costs such as low tax collection, low employee protection and deficiencies in the labour intermediation process with strong informational asymmetries in the job search. New policies to regulate the labour market are need. -- job search ; formal and informal networks ; neighborhood effects ; quantile regression
The contribution of social transfers to the reduction of poverty by Nicholas T Longford( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We interpret social transfers broadly as a set of measures to reduce or relieve poverty, and study how well this purpose is served in the countries that participated in the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions in 2007. Motivated by the findings, we characterise a social transfer system in a country by its potential and effectiveness, and compare the countries for a range of definitions of the poverty threshold. The methods are also applied to two subpopulations of household types. -- effectiveness of social transfers ; equivalized household income ; EU-SILC database ; potential of social transfers ; poverty gap
A Sensitivity analysis of poverty definitions by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Exploratory data analysis on large data sets: the example of salary variation in Spanish social security data by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

New challenges arise in data visualization when a sizable database is used in the analysis. With many data points, classical scatterplots are non-informative due to the cluttering of points. On the contrary, simple plots such as the boxplot that are of limited use in small samples, offer great potential to facilitate group comparison in the case of an extensive sample. This paper presents Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) methods that are useful when a large dataset is involved. The EDA methods, (introduced by Tukey in his seminal book of 1977) encompass a set of statistical tools aimed to extract information from data using simple graphical tools. In this paper, some of the EDA methods like the Boxplot and Scatterplot are revisited and enhanced using modern graphical computational devices (as, e.g., the heat-map) and their use illustrated with Spanish Social Security data. We explore how earnings vary across several factors like age, gender, type of occupation and contract and in particular, the gender gap in salaries is visualized in various dimensions relating to the type of occupation. The EDA methods are also applied to assessing competing regressions with earnings as the dependent variable. The methods discussed should be useful to researchers to assess heterogeneity in data, across group-variation, and classical diagnostic plots of residuals from alternative models fits
Change in the distribution of house prices across Spanish cities by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper presents the quantile estimation of house price between two years, 2004 and 2007 (a boom house price period) in several Spanish cities. We decompose the change in house price distribution into portions: changes in the distributions of the explanatory variables and changes in coefficients over time. Our main results are three. Firstly, from 2004 to 2007, the difference in housing price in Spain is larger at lower and higher percentiles. Secondly, the most important part of the difference in the distribution of housing prices between 2004 and 2007 is explained by coefficients (with all the variables contributing similarly). Thirdly, among cities, we can find a lot of variation in change of house price distribution. With respect to Spain's cities pattern, Madrid, Valencia and Bilbao, are the cities which big difference among them. -- housing price distribution ; housing market ; quantile regression ; counterfactual distribution
Selection bias and unobservable heterogeneity applied at the wage equation of European married women by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Emissions distribution in post-Kyoto international negotiations : a policy by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Child-care and participation in the labor market for married women in mediterranean countries by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Parents in the labor force have balance their work and home life, including the choice of the type of care to provide for their children while they work. In this paper we study the connection between the married women's labor force participation, child care arrangements and the time that husbands and wives spent to take care of children in Mediterranean countries. As more women now are in the labor force the interest in the use child care and housework of husband have grown. We use the new database from the EU-SILC (European Survey on Income and Living Conditions) in 2006 and data from the ECHP (European Community Household Panel)in 2001, because these two data-set give us different information about child care and housework. The traditional role of mothers in child care activities is highly valued by many families, especially in Southern European countries. The results show that while Mediterranean countries have advanced in the incorporation of women into the labor market, most of them still have to assume total responsibility for housework and the care of the children. Child care arrangements is an important instrument for women to enter in paid employment. -- Unpaid work ; child care arrangements ; labor supply
Random or referral hiring : when social connections matter by Catia Nicodemo( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study investigates the existence of hiring criteria associated with the degree of social connections between skill and low-skill workers. We provide evidence about to what extent managers rely on their social connections in recruiting low-skill workers rather than on random matching. As one unique feature we follow an approach for a posted wage setting that reflects the main features of the Spanish labor market. By working with sub-samples of high and low-skill workers we are able to assess that the recruitment of low-skill immigrants quite often follows a referral strategy and we identify interesting irregularities across the ethnic groups. As a common feature, referral hiring is usually influences by the ethnicity of the manager and the relative proportion of immigrants within the firm. Under these perspectives, our study outlines new insights to evaluate the future perspectives of the Spanish labor market. -- ethnicity ; hiring strategies ; social networks
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Audience level: 0.92 (from 0.90 for The Gender ... to 0.99 for Gender pay ...)

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Nicodemos, Catia

English (22)

German (5)