WorldCat Identities

Laboratoire d'anthropologie et de psychologie cliniques, cognitives et sociales (Nice / 2016-)

Overview
Works: 20 works in 20 publications in 2 languages and 20 library holdings
Roles: Other
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by cognitives et sociales (Nice / 2016-) Laboratoire d'anthropologie et de psychologie cliniques
Le processus de négociation dans la clinique psychanalytique : L'abîme du non-rapport médiatisé dans un atelier de musicothérapie by Selim Sami( )

1 edition published in 2021 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis addresses a new research perspective considering the musical instrument as a privileged tool of the mediatization process for the transfer between the patients and the music therapist. This process happens in the course of music therapy workshops dedicated to psychotic patients hospitalized in psychiatry. Therefore, this approach differs from the classic therapeutic strategy, supported in particular by Édith Lecourt, in which the patient is in a passive position and the music produced in groups is supposed to cover the voices persecuting him. Conversely, we propose an improvisation device in which the patient is in an active position allowing him to connect with them. Starting from there, we support the idea that the relationship with the instrument requires a time of tuning because this relation is confronted with an impossible : the one imposed by the limits of the instrumentalist's body but also the organological ones of the instrument. On this basis, we make the hypothesis that a musicotherapeutic device, whose fundamental rule is improvisation, creates the possibility to make this tuning time the scene of a negotiation between the psychotic and his superego vociferations expressed with more or less strong rhythms. Hence the challenge of this work is to define this negotiation process through the prism of psychoanalytic theory. In the context of our clinic, we define this process as the one by which the psychotic, because of the specific failure of the relationship to the instrument, tries to respond to the enigmatic, even superegoic call (“Enjoy/play!”), which comes from the place of the instrument. Therefore, from this perspective, the challenge of the music therapy device is to create the conditions allowing patients to experience a possible renegotiation of what did not happen during their access to the symbolism. And doing so without succumbing to the abyss of the superego accusations. This wasy the music therapy device will aim to attempt novel responses to the symptoms of patients, by creating a new type of relationship to the object (musical instrument)
L'EMDR dans l'évolution de la prise en charge du TSPT : psychothérapie de la dissociation par les Stimulations Bilatérales Alternées Auditives by Florent Viard( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Scientific background: The alternate bilateral stimulations (ABS) are techniques relating to the visual, tactile or aural modalities used in the psychotherapy EMDR "Eyes Movement Desensitization And reprocessing". Insulating research the SBA often focus on visual modality and relate its effect on subjective disturbance from the decline in observed vegetative activity. However, some PTSD do not exhibit marked vegetative activity, this correlatively with the presence of dissociation (Choi et al., 2017; Sack, Cillien, & Hopper, 2012; Briere, Weathers, & Runtz, 2005) Also, few studies are devoted to auditory ABS except to indicate their lesser effect compared to other modalities (Van Den Hout et al, 2012). On the other hand, the link between the auditory ABS and the dissociation has never been the subject of publication.Problem: What is the effect of auditory ABS on the intensity of event-related dissociation and disturbance signs?Method : After defining dissociation as a process of perception of subjective experience that escapes consciousness, we use an experimental method including 40 voluntary participants to offer an argument in favor of the interest of the auditory ABS in the treatment of dissociation. The study includes 40 healthy participants with stable vegetative activity during the recall of a disturbing memory. The subjects are randomly distributed for the treatment phase during which they recall the event simultaneously to auditory SBA (n = 20) or without hearing SBA (n = 20). The intensity of the signs of dissociation and disturbance is measured in pre-treatment and post-treatment from the average scores in the questionnaire RSDI "Response to script Driven imaging" (Hopper and LA, 2007). Results : For dissociation, there is a significant interaction between the variables group and Moment, F (1, 38) = 5.25, p =. 03. With SBA auditory, there is a difference in pre-and post-treatment scores of significant V = 134, n = 20, p =. 03; In the sense of a decrease. For subjective disturbance, there is no significant interaction between the variables and the difference in scores is not significant.DISCUSSION : The auditory technique reduces the intensity of the dissociation signs. This does not necessarily generate a disturbing subjective experience. These preliminary results open a field of research on dissociative psychopathology and of auditory ABS. Based on the work of Stanislas Dehaene on the "Global Neural work space" and consciousness, we propose a new theoretical model of ABS action by integrating its effects on dissociation. Methodological recommendations are envisaged
La spatialisation des odeurs by Jamel Ben Hassine( )

1 edition published in 2021 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Smell is a sensation which the individual perceives during the stimulation of the olfactory system by a complex combination of volatile emanations. How this smell is appreciated will vary greatly depending on the individuals, the cultures, and of course the substance in itself. There are many categories of smells. Research is under way in order to distinguish them more clearly, but it is nevertheless possible to classify them as either nauseous smells which constitute a nuisance, or those which are generally more pleasant, relating to for example an atmosphere or the odor-indentity of a place. If geographers take an interest in pollutants such as Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Ozone (O3) and the PM10s, etc, there are few to our knowledge who are interested in odours. Now, they can, however, be experienced by residents as a real pollution of the air (ADEME). Smells can in fact invite themselves into people's homes at whatever moment, and can be felt as a real intrusion into the living space. Smell nuisances keep on growing, in parallel with the boom in certain activities (refining, waste treatment; water purification; animal rearing....). They are more intolerable at certain moments of the year (summer season, when people live outside more), or of the day(morning). The level of nuisance can sometimes go as far as triggering physical symptoms like nausea, headaches or indeed irritations of the throat or the eyes.Our thesis work mainly concerns the spatialization of these odors
L'en-corps de l'analyste : Tact et acte analytique by Rafaela Brandao Alves( )

1 edition published in 2021 in Portuguese and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La présente recherche a pour préoccupation le silence sur le champ du sensible dans une expérience d'analyse. Dans cette perspective, nous nous proposons de penser quelle est la fonction de la présence des corps dans l'acte analytique, en articulant le moment de l'acte aux effets de résonance de la voix dans le corps. Nous nous demandons alors si l'acte analytique serait invoqué par la sensibilité du corps à la voix en circulation dans une analyse. Pour essayer de répondre à cette question, nous mettons en avant comme concepts de base l'acte analytique et le corps. Nous pensons qu'il est pertinent de garder le corps comme l'une de ces bases et pas seulement l'acte analytique, car c'est précisément lui qui nous offre les perspectives d'être affecté et de se faire toucher, si pertinentes pour cette étude. La recherche est théorico-réflexive, ce qui signifie qu'un travail d'analyse a été effectué sur la base bibliographique dans laquelle ont été repérées les productions qui couvrent les concepts centraux pour atteindre les objectifs de cette discussion, qui sont : acte analytique, corps et voix. D'autres concepts seront travaillés en parcourant les concepts centraux, comme : le transfert, le sujet supposé savoir, le désir de l'analyste, le savoir/vérité ; la langue, la pulsion ; l'objet a, la résonance, le parlêtre et la topologie moebienne. Notre point de départ est que la direction du traitement vise à vider le transfert de savoir, sachant que l'acte analytique et la rencontre entre les corps sont directement impliqués dans cette direction. L'acte s'articule donc à la politique inhérente aux principes de pouvoir qui parcourent le maniement du transfert et le corps se lie à une esthétique qui ne traverse pas la conscience, mais qui provoque des effets notamment car elle échappe à la rationalisation. Ainsi, nous nous proposons d'articuler topologiquement corps, voix et acte analytique en refusant une logique binaire plaçant l'analyste d'un côté et l'analysant de l'autre, pour délimiter notre intention nous avons créé l'expression en-corps d'analyste. On parlera ainsi d'un corps touché par les effets du réel véhiculé par la voix, invoquant là, en acte, l'irruption du jamais vu et du jamais entendu, effet de chute et de création dans la chaîne signifiante. Enfin, nous concluons que l'interprétation et l'acte analytique ne se juxtaposent pas et qu'il est nécessaire d'avoir la présence de l´en-corps d'analyste pour que l'acte vienne du toucher. En fin de compte, nous comprenons que l'analyse est une expérience à la fois politique, éthique et esthétique, et que sa puissance réside précisément dans la conjonction de ces trois domaines. Nous sommes, en ces termes, convoqués à soutenir une sensibilité autre, celle qui consent à la résonance du réel
Élaboration d'un dispositif de danse-thérapie à expression primitive et évaluation de ses effets auprès de patients atteints de la maladie de Parkinson by Mathilde Serret( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Recent studies have shown that dance may be an appropriate and effective strategy for improving motor and non-motor symptoms, as well as quality of life on individuals with Parkinson's Disease (PD). Dance-Therapy through primitive expression (DTPE), as a mind-body therapy, may convey superior benefits, not only on physical areas but also on psychological and social ones. The main hypothesis is that Dance-Therapy will lead to greater gait and balance ability, an improved quality of life, will have psychological and social benefits and is an important component of a multidisciplinary approach to long-term management of PD.The first study, which lasted for two years, consisted of elaborating, observing and modifying the DTPE proposals in order to adapt them to the requirements of Parkinson's disease and to develop protocols of sessions in order to propose an innovative management of the disease.The second study, developed after a thorough literature review and which lasted seven months, made it possible to test the feasibility of such a study, to test a first main outcome (gait) and to evaluate the effects of the DTPE with the scales, which, after reviewing the studies on the subject, appeared to us to be the most relevant and well recognized in the medical community.The development of an original approach between Human and Social Sciences and Medicine can be used to feed the practices and care of patients by providing useful elements for the training of professionals and the organization of care. The thinking that has grounded the methodology of the studies developed in this thesis will contribute to fueling research and setting up new studies
Vers un design de l'être : La bricologie comme savoir-faire et savoir-être de l'artisan Hermès by Emmanuel Ducourneau( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Carré is a silk scarf printed by Hermès since 1937. Its simple appearance conceals complex technical processes. First, it is a question of mapping the creation and production process from the 1300 agents, human and non-human, previously identified and geocoded. This ethnographic strategy, called "ontography" and "onto-cartography", reveals an heterogeneous and extensive socio-technical network on a biospheric scale, from which it is possible to identify five so-called "bricological" technical modes. Indeed, the logic of bricolage applies to the historical configuration of the creative and productive apparatus of the Carré Hermès, to the frugal (low tech) and hybrid (wild tech) technical processes that drive its manufacture, to the design of the machines that automate certain tasks and to its diverted uses deployed by consumers and the company. Secondly, it is a question of studying the way the Hermès Craftsman relates to the world and the aesthetic mode of the Carré Hermès according to the bricological degree of the practices and the automation level of the crafts. The more the craftsman “bricole”, the more their attention is optimal, the more their senses and their intuition are sharpened, the more their cognition is embodied and extended, and the more the way they relate to the world is resonant. Besides that, the more the object is “bricolé”, the more imperfectly beautiful it is. In other words, this singular way of doing and being leaves traces on the surface of the object, each of them being able to be considered as the remembrance of a sensitive encounter between the craftsman and their craft, understood as a world sample. In the third part, it is about extracting from ethnography the elements capable of inspiring an innovation practice oriented towards the design of a sustainable manufacturing method and a resonant way of relating to the world. The being-oriented designer uses cartographic and ethnographic tools to orient themself among the complexity of contemporary technical processes and reveal to the consumer the innovation “landscapes”, its darker and brightest aspects, its human and non-human worlds and inhabitants. Bricology becomes the algorithm that governs all decision-making so that the actors of the project can do and be more with less
Contribution psychanalytique à l'étude de la mémoire sociale de la violence faite au féminin chez les femmes by Joana Dark da Silva Souza( )

1 edition published in 2020 in Portuguese and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis aims to evidence the importance of the concept of feminine in psychoanalysis, for a better comprehension about the violence directed against women, on which we found so many evidences in the cultural memory throughout time. Hence, it made necessary to highlight the treatment given to the feminine, establishing a dialog between the feminist movement and answering some critics directed to psychoanalysis regarding feminine sexuality. The trajectory in Freudian works about drive made possible for us to stablish an approximation between the erogenous masochism, the death drive and the feminine. The resume of Lacan´s thesis about women, made possible a deeper understanding between the difference between the feminine and the femininity and its attributes, as well as allowing us to investigate the standoffs placed by devastation, especially in the masculine. At last, the differentiation between Other jouissance and jouissance of the Other, was shown to be functional to sustain our hypothesis regarding the devastation in the masculine, as one of the possible causes of the violence against the feminine in women
Étude de l'effet de synchronie pour la conception d'IHM adaptatives : Effet sur la vigilance, la charge mentale, la conscience de la situation et les performances by Hugo Nguma( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The field of Human-Machine Interaction (HMI) has been interested in interindividual differences and its effect on performance since the beginning. To address the challenges posed by these variabilities in the design process, 3 types of HMI have been categorized:User-adapted HMIs, adaptable HMIs, and adaptive HMIs taking into account the current user's characteristics. The implementation of this last category needs the support of several disciplines in order to determine the factors to take into consideration in relation to the current task and activity and products user models of the operator's state so as to adjust the HMI accordingly. In this thesis, we were interested in interindividual and intraindividual variabilities via the study of synchrony effects (optimal or suboptimal time of day according to the considered individual's chronotype (morning type/intermediary type/evening type)) and the level of alertness on performances. The synchrony effects have been studied in other fields such as marketing but are very under-studied in the HMI field. An experiment has been conducted with 62 participants in order to study the effect of time-of-day, chronotype and task difficulty on performances during a navigational simulation task. The results show significative effect of these factors on performance and operator's functional state with different sensibilities depending on the indicator used, which allows possible recommendations on the consideration of those factors in adaptive HMI design
La notion d'expérience dans le contexte de la gestion autonome de la médication au Brésil : Une traversée vers la pensée décoloniale by Lívia Zanchet( )

1 edition published in 2019 in Portuguese and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis discusses, in three chapters, the notion of experience presented in the publications on the strategy of Autonomous Medication Management in Brazil since its arrival in the country - in 2009 - until 2018. The work constitutes a documentary analysis of secondary data, in which the almost thirty articles published in the period were a priority analysis material. Interlocutors of these analyzes are Walter Benjamin, Giorgio Agamben and Jorge Larrosa, at first. Subsequently, we sought the company of authors of the decoloniality, in order to get closer to the particularities that concern the Brazilian population regarding the issues of subalternities, such as Achille Mbembe, Gayatri Spivak, Conceição Evaristo, among others. In the first chapter we present the different uses that the notion of experience gains in the texts, emphasizing the difference between two semantic fields: the first, where it will mean what the subject lives or experiences; and the second, which we understand to be stronger and more relevant to the field of mental health, where it will mean what remains of the crossing of a danger. Our dive into these publications allowed us to state that GAM has been an experience for its participants, be they users, workers, researchers. In the second chapter, we approach the different ways in which the GAM strategy accesses the experience of the subjects in this meeting between users, family members, workers and researchers in the field of mental health, showing the collectivization effects produced there. In the third chapter we point to the invisibility and silencing of the approach to ethnic-racial issues in the GAM strategy, while locating situations that demonstrate resistance and user exits to cope with oppression, so that we can recognize in GAM a potential anti-racist and may develop and strengthen
Approche intergroupe des croyances conspirationnistes : Une stratégie de gestion de l'identité sociale ? Conceptualisation, déterminants et conséquences by Paul Bertin( )

1 edition published in 2021 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

There is a growing interest in social psychology in the study of beliefs in conspiracy theories. However, intergroup processes and consequences of these beliefs remain under-investigated. In this thesis, we argue that conspiracy beliefs can be conceptualized as social identity management strategies. We propose that this identity process is particularly at work in the case of collective narcissism (i.e., a defensive form of social identification), by attributing factors that threaten the ingroup image to the hidden and malicious actions of outgroups. Furthermore, we propose that an inflated perception of one's ingroup victimhood motivates conspiracy beliefs. We tested the hypothesis of this process and its societal consequences through several studies. Lastly, we sought to identify some of the societal consequences of these conspiracy beliefs motivated at intergroup level. In the first chapter, we showed that conspiracy beliefs targeting outgroups are important predictors of the rejection of COVID-19 vaccination. In a second chapter, we proposed that conspiracy beliefs motivated at intergroup level have environmental consequences, mediating the relationship between national narcissism and the rejection of climate science. In a third chapter, we extended the study of the negative consequences of these defensive beliefs to prejudice against immigrants, testing the causal paths between national narcissism, perceived intergroup threat, conspiracy beliefs, and prejudice. In a fourth chapter, we tested in the context of public-health crises the idea that an inflated perception of one's ingroup victimhood would legitimise conspiracy beliefs. In a fifth chapter, we aimed to replicate our main hypotheses in an ecological context (sport fandom at international football tournaments). We present a content analysis of tweets from the 2018 FIFA World Cup, as well as material from a longitudinal study conducted during Euro 2020. This work supports the relevance of an intergroup approach to conspiracy beliefs
Cognition sociale et pathologies neurodégénératives : Etude des stratégies d'exploration visuelle et applications cliniques by Kévin Polet( )

1 edition published in 2021 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La cognition sociale regroupe plusieurs capacités, comme la reconnaissance des émotions faciales (REF), la Théorie de l'Esprit (TDE) et l'empathie. Celles-ci sont sévèrement altérées dans la variante comportementale de la Dégénérescence Fronto-Temporale (DFT-c) et plus légèrement dans la Maladie d'Alzheimer (MA) et la Maladie de Parkinson (MP), avec pour conséquences des troubles du comportement (TDC), désinhibition et apathie en particulier, qui conduisent à l'épuisement de l'aidant familial. Dans ces trois maladies une diminution des capacités top-down et une modification des capacités bottom-up de guidage de l'attention lors de la recherche d'informations visuelles sont aussi observées. Or, la REF, la TDE et l'empathie s'appuient sur la détection visuelle d'indices sociaux, sur le visage en particulier. Enfin, de nombreux chevauchements existent entre les structures, les faisceaux et les réseaux cérébraux impliqués dans la cognition sociale et dans l'exploration visuelle. A travers trois études expérimentales, cette thèse a pour premier objectif de mettre en évidence que l'atteinte de la cognition sociale dans la DFT-c, la MA et la MP, et les TDC qui en découlent, sont liés à une modification des stratégies d'exploration visuelle. L'objectif secondaire est de montrer qu'une remédiation des stratégies d'observation des visages exprimant une émotion chez les personnes atteintes de maladie neurodégénératives permet une amélioration de la REF, entraine une diminution des TDC et un allègement du fardeau de leurs aidants familiaux. Nos résultats confirment le triple lien entre stratégies de regard, cognition sociale et TDC. Les difficultés de REF sont associées à une perturbation des mécanismes d'orientation de l'attention sur les régions saillantes du visage liées à chaque émotion. Dans la DFT-c l'altération de ces mécanismes est sévère, le pattern d'exploration des visages exprimant une émotion étant similaire à celui d'un visage neutre. Pour la MA et la MP, cela concerne une perte d'attractivité de la région des yeux et une capture attentionnelle accrue de la région de la bouche. La TDE quant à elle est principalement impactée par une altération des stratégies top-down de recherche d'indices visuels permettant de prendre la perspective d'autrui et d'inférer ses états mentaux. Là aussi c'est dans la DFT-c que le pattern d'observation est le plus perturbé, avec une perte de stratégies d'observations et une insensibilité aux informations données qui conduisent à une prise de perspective d'autrui décalée dans le temps. Ces types d'observations de scènes sociales sont corrélés à la production de TDC. Enfin, la remédiation de la REF menée auprès d'un groupe MA montre que l'amélioration des performances est conjointe à une modification des stratégies d'observation des visages, avec une observation plus importante de la région des yeux, et entraîne une diminution des TDC et du fardeau de l'aidant. Nos résultats suggèrent donc une forte participation des mécanismes attentionnels dans le déficit de cognition sociale dans les maladies neurodégénératives. Par conséquent une prise en charge des TDC axée sur une remédiation des stratégies de recherche d'indices visuels sociaux semble être une piste intéressante afin de prévenir l'épuisement de l'aidant familial et de retarder l'institutionnalisation
Le rôle du contrôle perçu dans la relation entre l'âge et la mémoire épisodique rétrospective et prospective by Candice Maggio( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Perceiving one's own functioning as determined by one's own actions and behaviors would be one of the key factors of successful cognitive aging. Perceived control would lead to sustained efforts to maintain a high level of cognitive performance despite advancing age, which would predict a positive evolution of cognitive abilities over time. Currently, many studies show that people with higher levels of sense of control have better memory performance than people who believe that events are beyond their control. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of empirical support concerning the hypothesis of a differential preservation of memory abilities as a function of levels of perceived control. Through three experimental studies and the validation of a new scale evaluating memory control beliefs, this thesis aimed to determine whether perceived control could make a positive contribution to memory aging and to identify the mechanisms that may explain the relationship between perceived control and episodic memory at different ages. Overall, our studies do not support the hypothesis that higher perceived control would moderate age-related differences in episodic memory. However, our work suggests that individuals, especially the older ones, who perceive their memory as controllable obtain better performance during memory tasks than those who perceive their memory as uncontrollable through greater and more efficient use of resource-demanding cognitive strategies
Implications d'un essentialisme stratégique dans le paradigme de la menace du stéréotype by Alexandre Nativel( )

1 edition published in 2021 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Many researches provided evidence suggesting that the stereotype threat effects may be enhanced by psychological essentialism, that is the belief that members of a category share deep-seated properties that determine their identity. This thesis considers a reversed process through the hypothesis that stereotype threat may strengthen psychological essentialism. According to us, this effect meets the need of justification or rationalization of the failure situations caused by stereotype threat. Indeed, this possibility is offered by psychological essentialism since it is more comfortable to explain failure based on the nature of our being instead of a lack of learning or effort. In general, essentialism has been studied for its adverse effect in various domains, and in stereotype threat in particular. Our aim is to outreach this conception, without denying it, by investigating the utility of holding essentialism beliefs. Indeed, as essentialization strengthen discrimination one may wonder why some persons who are victims of essentialism, may enforce it themselves. We argue that essentialism may constitute a self-defensive strategy that is efficient at the individual level but detrimental at the group level. This idea particularly fits stereotype threat in the context of failure justification. The other contribution of the thesis is the investigation of the ideological aspects of stereotype threat
Qu'est-ce qu'un homme ? : étude psychanalytique sur la masculinité à partir du discours d'hommes soumis à la pénectomie suite à un cancer du pénis by Luciano Oliveira( )

1 edition published in 2020 in Portuguese and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Introduction: From a practice clinic with men undergone to the surgical amputation of the penis (penectomy), some questions arose and resulted, initially, in our Master research in Psychology. Some of the findings helped us to formulate our PhD research problem, which can be resumed in the following question: “What is a man?”. We have observed in the patients discourse that the psychological suffering is not only due to the body modification but also to the necessity of facing the reality of the amputation through the construction of new answers to the question of what a man is, in special, a man without the penis. General objective: To contribute to the debate on the masculinity in the psychoanalysis, from the discourse of men undergone to the penectomy, as well as the psychoanalytic theorizations about the masculinity. Specific objectives: (1) to identify in Freud's and Lacan's work, in addition to other contemporaneous authors, the elements that allow us to think the masculinity in a psychoanalytic perspective; (2) to understand, from our research subjects discourse, the penile amputation impact on the masculinity; (3) to verify the new support points, if they do exist, to the patients masculinity in the absence of the penis. Methodology: Initially, we searched and discussed on Freud's and Lacan's work the necessary elements to a psychoanalytic reflection about the masculinity. Next, we retook the interviews made at the time of our Master in Psychology research in order to verify what they could teach us in regard to the transformations occurred in the masculinity when it loses the its penile support. We worked on the interviews with the viewpoint of the relationship that each of our subjects sets up with the significant. Therefore, the decryption of the arisen significants took into account the unconscious dimension, which commands the discourse of the significant chain. Results: (1) In Freud's work, the masculinity is closer to a defensive construction against the feminization regarding to the father, what implies the castration; (2) The last teaching of Lacan allows us to consider the masculinity as a singular creation facing the impossible of signifying concerning to the sexed being;(3) The subjects' resistances in following the medical discourse prescriptions on how to satisfy a woman after the penectomy are due to the incompatibility of these injunctions and the semblances that have always served as anchor points to these subjects' virile image; (4) after the surgery, new significants, such as “the gentle man” and “the family protector”, take part in the psychological reconstruction work of the virile image. Final considerations: We expect that our research may contribute to the enrichment of the debate on what being a man is, as well as to an in-depth comprehension of the masculinity by both the psychoanalysts and the health professionals that deal with men in general and in particular with those undergone on the penectomy
La rencontre parents / nouveau-né en réanimation néonatale : du nouveau-né, objet de la médecine, à l'enfant de ses parents by Aurélie Capobianco( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

When a baby is not born in joy but in fear, how can you meet them? If a baby is in danger, the first person who welcomes them is an intensive care unit specialist, who is then closely supported by a medical team. This baby abandons themselves to the carers. Their organ-related disorders meet this team's healing expectations, who treat the baby with the support of modern equipment. In the current setting of neonatal intensive care units, how much room is given to parents? The psychic risk in this type of birth is the rupture of the symbolic bond that unites a mother to her baby and a baby to a mother. The physical risk is that the baby's body, deprived of its primary functions, becomes limited to a functional body, suffocated by technology. In a space where care is vital, how can parents meet their baby? This research is the outcome of an immersion internship in a neonatal intensive care unit. Based on psychoanalytic theorizations, and supported by real clinical evidence, it shows:- how the dimensions of the Real, Symbolic and Imaginary offer valuable guidance in the field of this type of medicine, intensely infused by the psyche;- how the team of such a unit requires costly protective strategies in order to support the destructuring identification generated by daily care for sick newborns;- how this destructuring identification is compensated by an overidentification to medicine, established as a phallic mother;- how the parents' meeting with their sick baby can be humanized by encouraging talking next to incubators, not only a talk related to medical theory but addressed to the baby, as a developing subject;- how the theory of the supposition of the subject is a precious tool to support and re-engage a meeting that was interrupted by the care requirements;- and finally, how an articulation between doctors and clinicians should be supported - at all costs - to support the parents/newborn meeting in such a unit. It can be explained by the fact that the baby, from birth, aspires to enter the symbolic relationship process
Recherche visuelle et activités instrumentales de la vie quotidienne : Influence des niveaux de traitement dans le vieillissement normal et la maladie d'Alzheimer by Hanane Ramzaoui( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Les personnes âgées et celles atteintes de la maladie d'Alzheimer (MA) montrent une performance de recherche visuelle affaiblie. Etant donné que les activités instrumentales de la vie quotidienne (AIVQ, e.g., cuisiner) impliquent de rechercher un ou plusieurs objets dans l'environnement, elles peuvent être perturbées par des déficits de recherche. Jusqu'ici les travaux sur le vieillissement normal et la MA ont souvent utilisé des scènes visuelles décontextualisées. Ainsi, nous en savons très peu sur la façon dont la recherche peut être guidée par des facteurs bottom-up, perceptifs et top-down, cognitifs, dans ces deux populations à partir de stimuli plus réalistes. A travers quatre études expérimentales, cette thèse vise donc à investiguer l'influence de facteurs bottom-up et top-down sur le comportement oculomoteur de recherche au sein de scènes réalistes (e.g., photographie de cuisine) et d'environnements réels (pièces d'expérimentation) dans le vieillissement normal et la MA. Un second objectif est d'investiguer l'influence du guidage top-down et de la complexité de l'AIVQ sur l'exploration visuelle lors de la réalisation d'AIVQ chez les patients au stade léger de la MA. Nos résultats suggèrent que le bénéfice du guidage de la recherche par la saillance perceptive de la cible est plus prononcé avec l'avancée en âge et la pathologie MA. Les personnes âgées saines bénéficient autant que les jeunes du guidage par la cohérence sémantique des scènes, et s'appuieraient davantage sur les connaissances contextuelles pour guider leur recherche dans un environnement réel. Dans la MA, l'influence du contexte sur le guidage de la recherche est réduite au sein de scènes réalistes. De façon intéressante, un modèle de la cible précis (fournie par l'indice visuo-imagé) normalise la performance des patients MA lors de la recherche au sein d'un environnement réel. Au sein de scènes réalistes, les patients MA tirent aussi profit d'un modèle de la cible précis pour guider leur recherche, mais la facilitation du désengagement des distracteurs est toutefois réduite. De façon inattendue, le bénéfice du modèle de la cible précis est plus prononcé chez les personnes jeunes que les personnes âgées saines, ce qui pourrait s'expliquer par une réduction de la résolution de l'information visuelle maintenue en mémoire de travail avec l'avancée en âge. Concernant la réalisation d'AIVQ dans la MA, le guidage top-down par les buts de la tâche est seulement réduit pour les AIVQ qui requiert un haut niveau de traitement top-down, exécutif. Globalement, nos résultats suggèrent que les guidages top-down et bottom-up peuvent être considérés comme des supports environnementaux efficaces et que l'analyse des mouvements oculaires lors d'AIVQ peut avoir un grand intérêt pour la détection de l'affaiblissement fonctionnel dans la MA
Quand l'automédication devient une conduite dopante chez les travailleurs by Audrey Moco-Daijardin( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The work of our research is based on an understanding of the link between selfmedication and doping behaviour. Indeed, we understand that the process of choice in terms of treatment to treat diseases and take care of one's health can be transformed in order to improve or preserve the performance of individuals in the workplace. Our research focuses on the contextual factors of working conditions, the individual factors that influence the health of individuals at work, how they practice self-medication and how all of these factors can influence people's consumption behaviours at work. We know that doping behaviour is specified in the objective to be achieved and the obstacle faced by the individual (Laure, 2000). Indeed, we can note on one hand that there are several types of consumer behaviors and that they are not all addictive. On the other hand, that self-medication is a common and daily consumption practice that occurs according to the context in which people evolve. Indeed, it is observable in many environments, such as : sports, studies, the world of work. The goal of this practice can vary, ranging from pain management to maintaining performance levels at work, reducing stress, fatigue, etc. Among other things, the practice of self-medication is put in place to manage recognized, identified and considered benign health problems. By using the consumption of products independently. In the case of work situations, we assumed that when people face barriers to work, in that sense, when individuals are faced with a work situation, which temporarily blocks their own well-being. Self-medication is then diverted into a doping behavior, which allows them to manage the obstacle by consuming products. We also assumed that doping behaviour could be a regulator of the working situation and the environment facing the individual. To verify our assumptions, through this research, we have tried to answer this question: how can selfmedication be diverted for doping purposes? To study this more closely, we built a methodology based on two tools. First, 17 interviews with workers, to identify and evaluate the elements and mechanisms derived from working conditions and consumption behaviours, which may explain the consumption behaviour at work and, moreover, the doping. Our results allowed us to see that the self-diagnosis phase play an important role in the consumption behaviour of individuals. These initial results helped us create an online questionnaire to which 219 participants responded. For this second tool, we used network analysis, using JASP 10.02 software to help us visualize and understand the link between self-medication and doping behaviour. The results of our research indicate that contextual and individual factors have an impact on the psychological state of individuals at work, leading them to develop consumption at work. We have also seen that the practice of self-medication also contributes to the establishment of consumer behaviour at work
Tout le monde est fou, c'est-à-dire délirant : une conception depuis Freud by Deborah Klajnman( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Taking into consideration the statement on the universality of delirium, to which Jacques Lacan refers at the end of his teaching, a retrospective investigation on the subject was held since Lacan, extending to Sigmund Freud's work. For this, it was important to examine what would be this "being mad" which Lacan refers to. Having the questions concerning the clinical and theoretical boundaries between neurosis and psychosis as the research's guideline, a reflection on the structural clinic and the clinic of continuity was elaborated in both authors, as well as the notion of diagnosis in psychoanalysis. Lacan's approximation of the categories of delirious and madness opens a way of an investigation into the relation of madness and what would be its phenomena. The discussion between the limit of being mad or not, between neurosis and psychosis appears constantly in psychoanalysis, and the borromean theory can help in the understanding of this question since it makes possible a multi-tone clinic, in which different degrees of madness are possible. A notion that already seems to be present in the Freudian works. Among his other works, the article Die Verneinung (1925) was emphasized which, from the terms and conceptions employed by Freud, allowed to treat some clinical phenomena and diagnostic impasses by a different approach. The methodological decision adopted in this thesis focused on bibliographical research, in favor of Freud and Lacan, as well as on some of its commentators whose themes were the limits of madness and the differential diagnosis in psychoanalysis. During our research in Nice, France, we have deepened the 1925 article by Freud Die Verneinung through its bilingual German / French version. From here we emphasize the term used by Freud, elevating it to the dignity of concept, which led us to establish a new theoretical and clinical hypothesis, treated with meticulousness in the thesis. Thus taking into consideration the Lacanian affirmation, it was possible to corroborate the hypothesis that everyone is mad, that is to say, delirious, as a conception that appears since Freud
Traitements sémantiques et émotionnels lors de la perception rapide de scènes visuelles : étude du fonctionnement normal chez l'adulte et application au trouble déficitaire de l'attention avec ou sans hyperactivité by Anaïs Leroy( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

When we observe a visual scene, we have access to a set of information, among which semantic and emotional contents have a key role in understanding and adapting to the physical and social environment. It has also been described that associations between the "local" (foreground objects) and "global" (context, background) content allow the observer to quickly categorize the scene. However, we have highlighted, in three critical reviews of the literature, that the interaction between semantic and emotional dimensions, during the categorization of the object and the context of a visual scene, have been largely neglected. We analyzed semantic and emotional processing, as well as their possible interactions, using the rapid visual presentation paradigm in a series of four studies. In each experiment, two images (an object and a context) quickly appeared outside foveal vision. Study 1 analyzed the semantic consistency effect, according to which categorization of the object and the context of a visual scene is superior when the images are presented in a semantically consistent situation (i.e., in a relationship that likely occurs in real life, such as a pig and a farm) rather than in an inconsistent situation (e.g., a pig and an iceberg). This study showed that the semantic associations between the object and the context act at the stage of matching between a percept and a long-term memory representation. Study 2 analyzed the relationships between semantic and emotional processing by proposing a semantic categorization task and an emotional categorization task of a neutral or an emotional (positive or negative) image. This image, either local (object) or global (context), was presented in a situation of semantic consistency or inconsistency and emotional consistency or inconsistency (i.e., carrying the same emotional content or not) with an image from the other level (object or context). This study suggested the existence of semantic and emotional processing regardless of the observer's task, and the presence of interactions between these processes that depend on the current constraints. In study 3, we analyzed the development of these processes in primary school-age children and replicated the results obtained in adults, with the exception of the effect of object-context semantic consistency, which thus seems to depend on the amount of life experience. Finally, study 4 analyzed semantic and emotional processing in children with Attention Deficit Disorder with or without Hyperactivity (ADHD), a condition to which deficits in recognition and management of emotions are frequently associated. This last study showed that emotional processing is preserved during rapid visual presentation, despite the lower semantic categorization performance in children with ADHD compared to the controls. These results suggested that the difficulties to process the emotions identified in ADHD do not depend on the initial gathering of information, but arise later, probably due to the attention deficit characterizing this disorder. Further research will need to explore whether this deficit depends on a lack of sustained attention or on difficulties in disengagement from emotional information. Overall, all these results allow us to describe a dynamic model of visual perception, in which semantic and emotional processes follow asynchronous developmental trajectories and the prioritization of one dimension of processing over the other is not pre-established, but varies according to the constraints related to the environment and the observer
De la perception des odeurs quotidiennes à l'olf-action : Etudes de cas à Pékin, Bombay, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo et Nice by Lou Sompairac( )

1 edition published in 2021 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Suggested by the neologism olf-action, the challenge of my thesis is to show that olfactory perception is not only a passive grasp of our environment, but an active vector of our lives on an individual and collective scale. Odour is never a fixed mental representation but always a practice that is carried out through movement, action and transformation. Through sensory tests and semi-directive interviews mixed with explanatory interviews, my interlocutors in Beijing, Mumbai, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Nice no longer reveal to me their perception of smells but their way of smelling, which appears as a presymbolic relationship to the world. By no longer focusing on the identifiable smell as a source object (or as a reminder of the source object) but as a commitment of daily life, we replace the content (what do you smell?) with the olfactory act (what do you do when you smell?)
 
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Université Côte d'Azur. Laboratoire d'anthropologie et de psychologie cliniques, cognitives et sociales

Université de Nice. Laboratoire d'anthropologie et de psychologie cliniques, cognitives et sociales

Université de Nice. UFR des lettres, arts et sciences humaines. Laboratoire d'anthropologie et de psychologie cliniques, cognitives et sociales

UPR 7278

UPR7278

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