Front cover image for Jim Crow capital : women and Black freedom struggles in Washington, D.C., 1920-1945

Jim Crow capital : women and Black freedom struggles in Washington, D.C., 1920-1945

Mary-Elizabeth B. Murphy (Author)
Local policy in the nation's capital has always influenced national politics. During Reconstruction, black Washingtonians were first to exercise their new franchise. But when congressmen abolished local governance in the 1870s, they set the precedent for southern disfranchisement. In the aftermath of this process, memories of voting and citizenship rights inspired a new generation of Washingtonians to restore local government in their city and lay the foundation for black equality across the nation. And women were at the forefront of this effort. Here Mary-Elizabeth B. Murphy tells the story of how African American women in D.C. transformed civil rights politics in their freedom struggles between 1920 and 1945. Even though no resident of the nation's capital could vote, black women seized on their conspicuous location to testify in Congress, lobby politicians, and stage protests to secure racial justice, both in Washington and across the nation. Women crafted a broad vision of citizenship rights that put economic justice, physical safety, and legal equality at the forefront of their political campaigns. Black women's civil rights tactics and victories in Washington, D.C., shaped the national postwar black freedom struggle in ways that still resonate today.-- Provided by publisher
Print Book, English, 2018
The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 2018
280 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm
9781469646718, 9781469646725, 1469646714, 1469646722
Introduction: Jim Crow capital
The women will be factors in the present campaign : women's national politics in the 1920s
The eyes of the world are upon us : the politics of lynching
Make Washington safe for negro womanhood : the politics of police brutality
Women riot for jobs : the politics of economic justice
Washington needs the vote : women's campaigns for civil rights in the 1930s
Jim Crow must go : civil rights struggles during World War II
Conclusion: Black women and the long Civil Rights Movement