WorldCat Identities

United States Office of Science and Technology Policy

Overview
Works: 486 works in 832 publications in 1 language and 49,009 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  Case studies  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Sponsor, Other, isb
Classifications: Q180.U5, 500.973
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about United States
 
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Most widely held works by United States
Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology : federal support of state and local law enforcement by William Schwabe( )

6 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 2,283 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Under the American federal system, most law is cast as state statutes and local ordinances; accordingly, most law enforcement is the responsibility of state and local agencies. Federal law and federal law enforcement come into play only where there is rationale for it, consistent with the Constitution. Within this framework, a clear role has been identified for federal support of state and local agencies. This report provides findings of a study of technology in use or needed by law enforcement agencies at the state and local level, for the purpose of informing federal policymakers as they consider technology-related support for these agencies. In addition, it seeks to characterize the obstacles that exist to technology adoption by law enforcement agencies and to characterize the perceived effects of federal assistance programs intended to facilitate the process. The study findings are based on a nationwide Law Enforcement Technology Survey and a similar Forensics Technology Survey (FTS) conducted in late spring and early summer2000, interviews conducted throughout the year, focus groups conducted in autumn 2000, and review of an extensive, largely nonacademic literature. Companion reports: Schwabe, William, Needs and Prospects for Crime-Fighting Technology: The Federal Role in Assisting State and Local Law Enforcement, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND, 1999. Davis, Lois M., William Schwabe, and Ronald Fricker, Challenges and Choices for Crime-Fighting Technology: Results from Two Nationwide Surveys, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND, 2001
Technology forces at work : profiles of environmental research and development at Dupont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox by Susan A Resetar( )

4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,880 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Not too long ago industry almost monolithically viewed environmental considerations as an expense--sometimes as a nuisance. That is beginning to change. Industry leaders now see the advantage of going beyond complying with environmental regulations, as had been their wont, and incorporating the search for environmentally sound business practices into their research and development. This report features case studies of four industry leaders--DuPont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox--and discusses how these companies view environmental technology investments. The information is based on a series of interviews with senior R & D managers and environment, health, and safety personnel along with the relevant literature. At the request of the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President, the authors have provided the views of a subset of one of the key stakeholders in environmental policy, industry, which have heretofore not received a lot of emphasis. The case studies and the findings are summarized here
New forces at work : industry views critical technologies by Steven W Popper( )

4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,625 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of the effort to produce the fourth National Critical Technologies Report, the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President asked a research team from RAND's Critical Technologies Institute, now named Science and Technology Policy Institute, to engage business and industry leaders explicitly in a discussion of the issue of critical technologies by gathering private-sector views on what technologies are appropriate to consider under this rubric--and why. The primary substantive input was elicited through extended, detailed interviews conducted individually, usually with one firm's senior executive per session, on-site in most cases. The report presents and analyzes interviewees' responses to what technologies they consider to be critical to their firm or industry; explores the question of what "critical technology" means; reports interviewees' assessments of the status of U.S. efforts and performance in the areas of technology they deemed critical; considers the respective roles of industry, universities, and government in contributing to and sustaining the U.S. technology base; suggests a process whereby the dialogue between government and industry on the public policy issues relating to technology might be made more integral and informative to the activities of both. The responses of many of the interviewees emphasized the aspect of technology as process over technology as product. In line with this vision, the authors propose a critical-technologies review process that would enable wider, more meaningful, and ongoing communication among industry, government, and universities on technology issues
The cosmos on a shoestring : small spacecraft for space and earth science by Liam Sarsfield( )

4 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 1,601 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Small spacecraft have become popular for a number of reasons, most prominently the needs to reduce overall cost, be built more quickly, and spread mission risks. NASA has been challenged with crafting a program that continues to produce meaningful science within the constraints of the available budget. Still, pound for pound, small spacecraft are not precisely inexpensive, given the effects of complexity, launch costs, and a greater degree of risk. Historically, science spacecraft have demonstrated increasing reliability, but this trend might not continue, given the shift to managed risk. There is generally less money available to smaller programs to test spacecraft functions and operational procedures prior to launch. Small spacecraft are also generally less robust. Efforts to reduce failure potentials through the application of more reliable components, better testing, and advanced design techniques should receive greater attention. Despite the risks, however, small spacecraft fulfill important roles in earth science, astrophysics, space physics, and planetary science. NASA's current generation of small spacecraft is capable of impressive levels of performance
Monitoring and controlling the international transfer of technology by Critical Technologies Institute (Rand Corporation)( )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,378 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States is a net exporter of technology and technical knowledge. Despite fears that this outflow of technology is costly to U.S. taxpayers, it would be impractical to institute a government-wide system for monitoring and restricting overseas technology transfers. First, a review of the economic effects of technology transfer showed that it is not possible to estimate accurately the financial effect on the United States of the international transfer of government-sponsored technology. Moreover, the methods of transfer that might be monitored or restricted are also sources of the valuable, high domestic societal return to government investments in research and development. Finally, government agencies do not see international technology transfer issues as central to their missions and are likely to see new requirements as constraints on their ability to carry out their missions. The authors thus recommend no major policy shifts but do suggest some changes in existing policy that would enhance the U.S. government's ability to trace and to capture the benefits of certain technical innovations
National aeronautical R & D goals : technology for America's future( )

4 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 533 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science and technology : a report to the Congress by United States( Book )

5 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 438 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

American competitiveness initiative leading the world in innovation by Domestic Policy Council (U.S.)( )

4 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 378 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Keeping our competitive edge in the world economy requires focused policies that lay the groundwork for continued leadership in innovation, exploration, and ingenuity. America's economic strength and global leadership depend in large measure on our Nation's ability to generate and harness the latest in scientific and technological developments and to apply these developments to real world applications. These applications are fueled by: scientific research, which produces new ideas and new tools that can become the foundation for tomorrow's products, services, and ways of doing business; a strong education system that equips our workforce with the skills necessary to transform those ideas into goods and services that improve our lives and provide our Nation with the researchers of the future; and an environment that encourages entrepreneurship, risk taking, and innovative thinking. By giving citizens the tools necessary to realize their greatest potential, the "American Competitiveness Initiative" (ACI) will help ensure future generations have an even brighter future. The ACI commits $5.9 billion in FY 2007 to increase investments in research and development, strengthen education, and encourage entrepreneurship. Specifically, the ACI: (1) doubles, over 10 years, funding for innovation-enabling research at key Federal agencies that support high-leverage fields of physical science and engineering: the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy's Office of Science, and the National Institute for Standards and Technology within the Department of Commerce; (2) modernizes the Research and Experimentation tax credit by making it permanent and working with Congress to update its provisions to encourage additional private sector investment in innovation; (3) strengthens K-12 math and science education by enhancing our understanding of how students learn and applying that knowledge to train highly qualified teachers, develop effective curricular materials, and improve student learning; (4) reforms the workforce training system to offer training opportunities to some 800,000 workers annually, more than tripling the number trained under the current system; and (5) increases our ability to compete for and retain the best and brightest high-skilled workers from around the world by supporting comprehensive immigration reform that meets the needs of a growing economy, allows honest workers to provide for their families while respecting the law, and enhances homeland security by relieving pressure on the borders. (Contains 3 charts and 1 table.)
A strategy for American innovation : driving towards sustainable growth and quality jobs( )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 362 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

U.S. national space policy( )

4 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 360 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This policy supersedes Presidential Decision Directive/NSC-49/NSTC-8, National Space Policy, dated September 14, 1996"--Introduction
A strategy for American innovation :( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 340 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

More and better science in Antarctica through increased logistical effectiveness : report of the U.S. Antarctic Program Blue Ribbon Panel at the request of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and the National Science Foundation by United States Antarctic Program( )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 329 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and the National Science Foundation initiated the second phase of the [U.S. Antarctic Program] review. ... The purposes of this follow-on Blue Ribbon Panel ... on Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are to identify demands placed on the logistical enterprise if it is to support future scientific effort in the Antarctic region, to discern any mismatches with currently projected capabilities, and to propose appropriate opportunities and corrective actions. The present report addresses these issues, including the identification of steps that could substantially increase the amount and value of science pursued in the Antarctic region through greater overall effectiveness of the logistics system" --Page 1
Second to none : preserving America's military advantage through dual-use technology( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 318 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science and technology : a report to the Congress by United States( )

in English and held by 317 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Achieving and sustaining earth observations : a preliminary plan based on a strategic assessment by the U.S. Group on Earth Observations by United States Group on Earth Observations( )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 317 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proceedings of the Workshop and Conference on Grand Challenge Applications and Software Technology 1993 by Workshop and Conference on Grand Challenge Applications and Software Technology( )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 313 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

National plan for civil earth observations by United States( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 311 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fact sheet : PCAST report on big data and privacy, a technology perspective by United States( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 310 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Four years of broadband growth( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 310 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology : federal support of state and local law enforcement
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Technology forces at work : profiles of environmental research and development at Dupont, Intel, Monsanto, and XeroxNew forces at work : industry views critical technologiesThe cosmos on a shoestring : small spacecraft for space and earth scienceMonitoring and controlling the international transfer of technology
Alternative Names
Amerika Gasshukoku Daitoryofu Kagaku Gijutsu Seisakukyoku

États-Unis Executive office of the President Office of science and technology policy

O.S.T.P.

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Office of science and technology policy États-Unis

Office of Science and Technology Policy U.S.

Office of Science and Technology Policy United States

Oficina de Política de Ciencia y Tecnología de los Estados Unidos

OSTP

Ufficio per le politiche scientifiche e tecnologiche Ente governativo statunitense

United States Executive Office of the President Office of Science and Technology Policy

United States Office of Science and Technology Policy

United States Science and Technology Policy, Office of

USA President Executive Office Office of Science and Technology Policy

Văn phòng Chính sách Khoa học và Công nghệ cơ quan chính phủ liên bang Hoa Kỳ

White House Office of science and technology policy

משרד המדע והטכנולוגיה של ארצות הברית

دفتر سیاست علم و فناوری

مكتب الولايات المتحدة لسياسات العلوم والتكنولوجيا

과학기술정책실

アメリカ ガッシュウコク ダイトウリョウフ カガク ギジュツ セイサクキョク

ホワイトハウス科学技術政策局

國家科學和技術政策辦公室

科学和技术政策办公室

Languages
English (142)