WorldCat Identities

U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Overview
Works: 1,794 works in 2,939 publications in 1 language and 110,639 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  Bibliographies 
Roles: Originator, Other, Funder
Classifications: U408.3, E
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
 
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Most widely held works by U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
Reserve component soldiers as peacekeepers by Ruth H Phelps( )

2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 457 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the continuing effort to maintain a ready force and honor the United States commitments throughout the world, in 1993 the Chief of Staff of the Army directed a test of the use of Reserve Component forces for the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) peacekeeping mission in the Sinai. A battalion composed of 80% RC individual volunteers and 20% Active Component soldiers was activated, trained and deployed as the 28th MFO rotation to the Sinai (Jan-Jul 95). ARI conducted an assessment of personnel and training issues using performance, interview and survey data. The four research questions and their findings are as follows. (1) Personnel: Who volunteered and why? What, if any, changes should be made to the volunteer screening process? (2) Family Support: How well did the family support system work? What was the impact of Sinai service on the family and civilian lives of volunteers? (3) Training/Performance: What are the unique and minimal training requirements? Did the training process produce a cohesive unit that could perform the mission? (4) Impact on the 29th ID(L): What is the impact on the ARYG units that sent volunteers, both during the deployment and post-deployment? Recommendations for future deployments are discussed in the text. ARI will continue to assess the impact of the deployment and post-redeployment re-entry on National Guard soldier commitment/retention, marital stability and financial well-being through October 1997. Cost analyses are not included in the ARI portion of the MFO assessment
Distance learning : the soldier's perspective by Robert A Wisher( )

6 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and held by 378 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The primary purpose of this report is to examine distance learning (DL) from the perspective of the soldier. A summary of the history of DL describes its applications in the Army and plans for additional uses. Findings from research and comments from surveys are examined to reveal how well soldiers accept DL as an effective teaching method within different types of training courses (e.g., small unit training versus individual professional development). The strengths and weaknesses of DL are discussed, leading to a list of recommendations to help trainers produce effective DL courses."--DTIC
Implementation monitoring : a role for evaluators in helping new programs succeed by Wayne D Gray( )

5 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 359 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The impact of soldier quality on performance in the Army by David K Horne( )

4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 358 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Army has been successful in improving its manpower quality over the last several years. Recruits are scoring higher on the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) and are more likely to have high school diplomas than in any year since the inception of the All-Volunteer Force. Recruiting such personnel is expensive, however, as the Army faces increased competition from the civilian labor market, educational institutions, and the other services for a shrinking youth population. In order to justify its manpower quality requirements, the Army must be able to demonstrate an empirical link between AFQT scores and soldier performance. This study presents evidence on that relationship using data from several sources. The first data from several sources. The first data set contains written and hands-on tests on several weapons systems from the Army's training schools. The second data set utilizes the Skill Qualification Tests administered by the Army. The results demonstrate that a statistically significant and positive relationship exists between AFQT scores and performance measures. These findings are consistent across a wide range of Military Occupational Specialties
Cooperative learning : effects of task, reward, and group size on individual achievement by Joseph D Hagman( )

3 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 357 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Senior leadership : an annotated bibliography of the military and nonmilitary literature by Melvin J Kimmel( )

5 editions published in 1981 in English and held by 357 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Training lessons learned from peak performance episodes by James L Fobes( )

4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 356 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An examination of episodes of peak performance indicates that three cognitive components enable these episodes: psychological readiness (activating optimal arousal and emotion appropriate for the task), information processing (attending to and interpreting key stimuli), and endurance management (controlling fatigue and pain for sustained performance). There is also evidence suggesting that endorphins underlie these three processes. Accordingly, performance can be enhanced through two strategies; one technique is teaching self-regulation of endorphins levels. The other more immediately available solution is to use contemporary sports psychology training techniques to optimize cognitive processes underlying superior performance. With either strategy, optimal performance will result from an enhanced ability to cope specifically and continuously tailored to meet the conditions and demands of a particular activity
Smart technology for training : promise and current status by Wayne D Gray( )

5 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 356 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Intended for use by managers and developers of Army training, this report provides an introduction to "smart technology," which represents the application of cognitive and computer science to Army training problems. Differences between "intelligent tutors"--A major component of smart technology--and conventional computer-assisted instruction (CAI) are discussed, with emphasis on the current status of intelligent CAI. Abstract concepts from cognitive and computer science are discussed in the context of specific projects that represent both the long-term promise and the current status of smart technology: (1) the exploratory development of a prototype smart tutor to train high-level diagnostic and troubleshooting skills for repair of a complex reprographics system; (2) development of a smart tutor to train technicians in maintenance of an Army radar system; and (3) the development and implementation of CAI courseware for the U.S. Army Engineer School that takes advantage of both current knowledge of human learning and more advanced computer technology than is employed in conventional CAI. Also discussed are efforts to replace some obstacles to learning that are embedded in conventional technical instruction with embedded facilitators, which include the creation of problem-solving contexts. It is anticipated that this application will produce a stream of smart facilitators that can be embedded in PLATO or any conventional CAI. An outline of projected efforts by the Army Research Institute (ARI) to make smart technology a standard tool of the Army training community concludes this report. Thirteen references are listed. (BBM)
The development of a unit morale measure for Army battalions by Melvin J Kimmel( )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 355 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A new approach to managing the Army Selective Reenlistment Bonus by Sheldon E Haber( )

5 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 355 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Evaluation of the HARDMAN (hardware vs. manpower) comparability methodology by W Zimmerman( )

5 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 354 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An investigation of alternatives for setting second-to-third tour reenlistment standards by Frances C Grafton( )

4 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 353 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Towards an understanding of Army enlistment motivation patterns by Rebecca M Pliske( )

3 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 353 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report summarizes information from the ARI New Recruit Surveys for 1982 and 1983 related to enlistment motivations of new Army recruits. In addition to presenting cross-tabulated responses for survey questions, principal component analyses (PCA) were completed on recruits' responses to questions on their reasons for enlistment. The PCA indicated that recruits enlist for a variety of economic and psychological reasons, such as self improvement, economic advancement, military service, time out, travel, and education money
Military leadership job and skill requirements : an annotated bibliography by Melvin J Kimmel( )

5 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 353 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A literature search was performed to compile and organize military leadership job and skill requirements references. Eighty-seven references were annotated and organized alphabetically within two sections: (1) 'Job/Skill Requirements References' containing research-based literature, and (2) 'General References' which annotates references that provided an overview of the field. The 'Job/Skills Requirements' section was classified further according to subject matter (job and/or skill requirements) and the grade level of the target population. The 'General References' were categorized according to the nature of the report (methodological contributions, conceptual pieces, and/or review reports) in addition to classification by subject matter
Leadership development : a review of industry best practices by David V Day( )

4 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 352 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"A review of leadership development best practices in for-profit organizations was conducted. Practices discussed in this report include formal development programs, 360-degree feedback, executive coaching, job assignments, mentoring, networks, reflection, action learning and outdoor challenges. Additionally, five organizations that are popularly recognized for their leadership development practices are highlighted in this report. Highlights include information regarding the organizational philosophy, values, and mission as well as information on how various leadership development practices are implemented and integrated. Best practice principles are drawn from this research and implications for their use within the U.S. Army are discussed."--DTIC
A theory-based approach to reading assessment in the Army by Rebecca L Oxford( )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 351 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report addresses practical Army problems in reading assessment from a theory base that reflects the most recent and most sound research on reading comprehension. Six major conclusions are drawn from both theory and practice. First, reading is important in military and civilian work life. Second, reading assessment is a highly visible and important issue in the Army. Third, reading theories--especially the new-interactive-inferential theory--can positively influence reading measurement practices in the Army. Fourth, reading tests are not all alike; they differ widely in terms of psychometric characteristics and overall quality as evaluated using theory-based standards. Fifth, high correlations exist between the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) and various reading tests, although caution needs to be exercised in using any part of the ASVB as a reading-test surrogate. Sixth, alternatives to grade equivalent scores are available and should be considered for Army use
The Effects of practice on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery by Bruce K McCormick( )

5 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 351 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Development of officer selection battery forms 3 and 4 by M. A Fischl( )

6 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 351 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A methodology for estimating relative cost-benefits of alternative pretesting procedures by Jack H Hiller( )

4 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 351 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of the research reported here was to develop a methodology for measuring the relative benefits of alternative pretesting procedures so that an optimal procedure may be selected. The research was accomplished as follows: Alternative pretest procedures were formulated. Variables that affect the amount of time saved or lost by employing pretests were identified and defined. Algebraic models which take into account measurement accuracy, pretesting time, and training time were constructed so that the amount of time saved (or lost) by pretesting could be estimated. A limited sample of empirical data was gathered and analyzed by applying these cost-benefit models. It was shown how these cost-benefit models can be employed to identify the best procedure in a specified set of competing procedures. (Author)
Military enlistments : what can we learn from geographic variation? by Charles Brown( )

4 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 350 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Continued success of the all-volunteer force depends upon the ability of the military services to meet their enlistment goals consistently. This report measures the effects of economic factors on Army enlistments of nonprior-service high school graduates. The author uses a multiple-regression, pooled cross-section/time-series model to measure Army enlistments by mental category. He concludes that unemployment, pay, and the number of Army recruiters are important variables in the enlistment decision
 
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Alternative Names

controlled identityU.S. Army Research Laboratory. Human Research and Engineering Directorate

controlled identityUnited States. Army

A.R.I.

A.R.I. (Army Research Institute)

Alexandria (Va.) U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

ARI

ARI (Army Research Institute)

Army Research Institute

Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

U.S. Army Research Institute

United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

United States. Army. U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

United States Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

United States U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

US Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

USA Army Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

USA Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

USA Army U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

USA U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Languages
English (131)