WorldCat Identities

Spenkuch, Jörg L.

Overview
Works: 11 works in 22 publications in 2 languages and 164 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Academic theses 
Roles: Author, Contributor
Classifications: HC110.I5, 339.20973
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Jörg L Spenkuch
A Roy model of social interactions by Steve Cicala( )

6 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We develop a Roy model of social interactions in which individuals sort into peer groups based on comparative advantage. Two key results emerge: First, when comparative advantage is the guiding principle of peer group organization, the effect of moving a student into an environment with higher-achieving peers depends on where in the ability distribution she falls and the effective wages that clear the social market. In this sense our model may rationalize the widely varying estimates of peer effects found in the literature without casting group behavior as an externality in agents' objective functions. Second, since a student's comparative advantage is typically unobserved, the theory implies that important determinants of individual choice operate through the error term and may, even under random assignment, be correlated with the regressor of interest. As a result, linear in means estimates of peer effects are not identified. We show that the model's testable prediction in the presence of this confounding issue-an individual's ordinal rank predicts her behavior, ceteris paribus-is borne out in two data sets
Racial disparities in job finding and offered wages by Roland G Fryer( )

5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The extent to which discrimination can explain racial wage gaps is one of the most divisive subjects in the social sciences. Using a newly available dataset, this paper develops a simple empirical test which, under plausible conditions, provides a lower bound on the extent of discrimination in the labor market. Taken at face value, our estimates imply that differential treatment accounts for at least one third of the black-white wage gap. We argue that the patterns in our data are consistent with a search-matching model in which employers statistically discriminate on the basis of race when hiring unemployed workers, but learn about their marginal product over time. However, we cannot rule out other forms of discrimination
The plight of mixed race adolescents by Roland G Fryer( )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the past 40 years the fraction of mixed race black-white births has increased nearly nine-fold. There is little empirical evidence on how these children fare relative to their single-race counterparts. This paper describes basic facts about the plight of mixed race individuals during their adolescence and early adulthood. As one might expect, on a host of background and achievement characteristics, mixed race adolescents fall in between whites and blacks. When it comes to engaging in risky/anti-social adolescent behavior, however, mixed race adolescents are stark outliers compared to both blacks and whites. We argue that these behavioral patterns are most consistent with the "marginal man" hypothesis, which we formalize as a two-sector Roy model. Mixed race adolescents -- not having a natural peer group -- need to engage in more risky behaviors to be accepted. All other models we considered can explain neither why mixed race adolescents are outliers on risky behaviors nor why these behaviors are not strongly influenced by the racial composition at their school
Political advertising and election outcomes by Jörg L Spenkuch( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We implement a new approach for estimating the persuasive effects of political advertising. Our empirical strategy exploits FCC regulations that result in plausibly exogenous variation in the number of impressions across the borders of neighboring counties. Applying this approach to uniquely detailed data on television advertisement broadcasts and viewership patterns during the 2004 and 2008 presidential campaigns, our results indicate that total political advertising has virtually no impact on aggregate turnout. The point estimates are precise enough to rule out even moderately sized effects. By contrast, we find a positive and economically meaningful effect of advertising on candidates' vote shares. Evidence from a regression discontinuity design with millions of observations suggests that advertising's impact on elections is largely due to compositional changes of the electorate
A Roy Model of Social Interactions. Nber Working Paper No. 16880 by Steve Cicala( Book )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We develop a Roy model of social interactions in which individuals sort into peer groups based on comparative advantage. Two key results emerge: First, when comparative advantage is the guiding principle of peer group organization, the effect of moving a student into an environment with higher-achieving peers depends on where in the ability distribution she falls and the effective wages that clear the social market. In this sense our model may rationalize the widely varying estimates of peer effects found in the literature without casting group behavior as an externality in agents' objective functions. Second, since a student's comparative advantage is typically unobserved, the theory implies that important determinants of individual choice operate through the error term and may, even under random assignment, be correlated with the regressor of interest. As a result, linear in means estimates of peer effects are not identified. We show that the model's testable prediction in the presence of this confounding issue--an individual's ordinal rank predicts her behavior, ceteris paribus--is borne out in two data sets
The Protestant ethic and work micro evidence from contemporary Germany by Jörg L Spenkuch( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Strategic voting in large elections by Jörg L Spenkuch( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The practice of voting is a fundamental part of every modern democracy. Yet, as a mechanism for eliciting and aggregating citizens' preferences, elections are known to be flawed. At least in theory, voters have a systematic incentive to strategically misrepresent their true preferences in order to "manipulate" the outcome of an election. In practice, however, a single vote is almost never pivotal; which raises the obvious empirical question: Do voters actually behave as predicted by rational choice theory? And if so, by how much does strategic voting affect electoral outcomes?
Elite influence? religion, economics, and the rise of the Nazis ; conference paper by Jörg L Spenkuch( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Adolf Hitler's seizure of power was one of the most consequential events of the twentieth century. Yet, our understanding of which factors fueled the astonishing rise of the Nazis remains highly incomplete. This paper shows that religion played an important role in the Nazi party's electoral success--dwarfing all available socio-economic variables. To obtain the first causal estimates we exploit plausibly exogenous variation in the geographic distribution of Catholics and Protestants due to a peace treaty in the sixteenth century. Even after allowing for sizeable violations of the exclusion restriction, the evidence indicates that Catholics were significantly less likely to vote for the Nazi Party than Protestants. Consistent with the historical record, our results are most naturally rationalized by a model in which the Catholic Church leaned on believers to vote for the democratic Zentrum Party, whereas the Protestant Church remained politically neutral
Inequality and economic policy : essays in honor of Gary Becker by Conference on Inequality in Memory of Gary Becker( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Background facts / James Piereson -- The broad-based rise in return to top talent / Joshua D. Rauh -- The economic determinants of top income inequality / Charles I. Jones -- Intergenerational mobility and income inequality / Jörg L. Spenkuch -- The effects of redistribution policies on growth and unemployment / Casey B. Mulligan -- Income and wealth in America / Kevin M. Murphy and Emmanuel Saez -- Conclusions and solutions / John H. Cochrane, Lee E. Ohanian, and George P. Shultz -- Remembering Gary Becker / Edward P. Lazear and George P. Shultz
Implikationen der Schulzeitverkürzung an Gymnasien by Jörg L Spenkuch( )

1 edition published in 2007 in German and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Die vorliegende Arbeit behandelt das Thema Schulzeitverku & u776rzung anhand einer Fallstudie. Die Durchfu & u776hrung des Begys-Modells an einem Rheinland-pfälzischen Gymnasium wird auf ihren Erfolg hin untersucht, wobei sowohl quantitative als auch qualitative Methoden zum Einsatz kommen. Als Ergebnis lässt sich festhalten, dass das Begys-Modell fu & u776r die hierfu & u776r selektierten Schu & u776ler als klar positiv zu bewerten ist. Über die Auswirkungen fu & u776r diejenigen Schu & u776ler, die in den Regelklassen verbleiben, lassen sich keine eindeutigen Aussagen treffen, da in diesem Punkt empirische und qualitative Befunde im Widerspruch zueinander stehen. Abschließend wird diskutiert, inwieweit die gewonnenen Erkenntnisse auf eine Schulzeitverku & u776rzung im Allgemeinen u & u776bertragen werden können
The German Hyperinflation of 1921-23 : a Theoretical and Empirical Analysis from a Macroeconomic Perspective by Jörg L Spenkuch( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper provides a unified account of the German hyperinflation. In doing so it draws on insights from economic history as well as on those from monetary economics. It proposes an alternative mechanism to the formation of adaptive inflation expectations, and finds that empirical estimates of the semi-elasticity of real money demand with respect to expected inflation are not only highly sensitive to the specific period that they are derived for, but also to the way expectations are formed. Nevertheless, mild support for the suggested mechanism is found. Moreover, observations in 10-day intervals for the last phase of the hyperinflation permit to test the hypothesis of Germans substituting their mark holdings for hard foreign currency, despite foreign exchange controls. Lastly, in contrast to previous studies the rate of money creation is shown to have been roughly optimal until the summer of 1922. A way of rationalizing the subsequent 'excessive inflation' is also provided
 
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Alternative Names
Spenkuch, J. L.

Spenkuch, Jörg 19XX-

Spenkuch, Jorg L. 19XX-

Spenkuch, Jörg Ludwig

Spenkuch, Jörg Ludwig 19XX-

Languages
English (21)

German (1)