WorldCat Identities

Zenou, Yves

Overview
Works: 472 works in 1,271 publications in 3 languages and 3,995 library holdings
Roles: Author, Contributor, Publishing director, Other, Honoree, Editor, Opponent, Thesis advisor, dgs, Creator, the
Classifications: HD4901, 331.21091732
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Yves Zenou
Urban labor economics by Yves Zenou( )

19 editions published in 2009 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,020 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book studies the links between urban economics and labor economics. Different models of urban labor economic theory are examined in the initial two parts of this book: first urban search-matching models and then urban efficiency wages. These models are then used to analyze urban ghettos and their consequences for ethnic minorities in the labor market. Professor Zenou first provides different mechanisms for the so-called spatial mismatch hypothesis, which postulates that housing discrimination introduces a key frictional factor that prevents minorities from improving access to job opportunities by relocating their residences closer to jobs. He then explores social networks, which tend to be affected by spatial factors, as workers who are physically close to jobs can be socially far away from them. Based on these models, the author offers different policies aiming at fighting high unemployment rates experienced by ethnic minorities residing in segregated areas."--Publisher's website
Monnaies et systèmes monétaires by Jean Bourget( Book )

11 editions published between 1990 and 2002 in French and held by 148 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mothers, friends and gender identity by Claudia Olivetti( )

11 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper explores a novel mechanism of gender identity formation. Specifically, we explore how the work behavior of a teenager's own mother, as well as that of her friends' mothers, affect her work decisions in adulthood. The first mechanism is commonly included in economic models. The second, which in social psychology is also emphasized as an important factor in gender identity formation, has so far been overlooked. Accordingly, our key theoretical innovation is how the utility function is modeled. It is assumed that an adult woman's work decisions are influenced by her own mother's choices as well as her friends' mothers' choices when she was a teenager, and the interaction between the two. The empirical salience of this behavioral model is tested using a network model specification together with the longitudinal structure of the AddHealth data set. We find that both intergenerational channels positively affect a woman's work hours in adulthood, but the cross effect is negative, indicating the existence of cultural substitutability. That is, the mother's role model effect is larger the more distant she is (in terms of working hours) from the friends' mothers
Emploi. concurrence et concentration spatiales( Book )

6 editions published in 1999 in French and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic analyses of social networks( Book )

8 editions published in 2013 in English and German and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Are shirking and leisure substitutable? : an empirical test of efficiency wages based on urban economic theory by Stephen L Ross( )

11 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 40 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Recent theoretical work has examined the spatial distribution of unemployment using the efficiency wage model as the mechanism by which unemployment arises in the urban economy. This paper extends the standard efficiency wage model in order to allow for behavioral substitution between leisure time at home and effort at work. In equilibrium, residing at a location with a long commute affects the time available for leisure at home and therefore affects the trade-off between effort at work and risk of unemployment. This model implies an empirical relationship between expected commutes and labor market outcomes, which is tested using the Public Use Microdata sample of the 2000 U.S. Decennial Census. The empirical results suggest that efficiency wages operate primarily for blue collar workers, i.e. workers who tend to be in occupations that face higher levels of supervision. For this subset of workers, longer commutes imply higher levels of unemployment and higher wages, which are both consistent with shirking and leisure being substitutable"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Job contact networks and the ethnic minorities by Harminder Battu( Book )

13 editions published between 2004 and 2010 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using data from the UK Quarterly Labour Force Survey, this paper examines the job finding methods of different ethnic groups in the UK. Our empirical findings suggest that, though personal networks are a popular method of finding a job for the ethnic minorities, the foreign born and those who identify themselves as non-British, they are not necessarily the most effective either in terms of gaining employment or in terms of the level of job achieved. However, there are some important differences across ethnic groups with some groups losing out disproportionately from using personal networks
Demand uncertainty, mismatch and (un)employment : a microeconomic approach by Jacques-François Thisse( Book )

23 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and Undetermined and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How does imperfect competition in the labour market affect unemployment policies? by Xavier Wauthy( Book )

10 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We consider a continuum of workers ranked according to their abilities to acquire education and two firms with different technologies that imperfectly compete in wages to attract these workers. Once employed, each worker bears an education cost proportional to his/her initial ability, this cost being higher in the high-technology firm. At the Nash equilibrium, we show that the unemployed workers are those with the lowest initial abilities. We then study different policies that subsidy either the education cost or wages and compare them. We found that the first best allocation can only be implemented by selective policies. We then analyze second best non-selective policies that do not discriminate between workers and firms and show that, in terms of welfare, subsidizing education costs or wages is strictly equivalent
Intergenerational education transmission : neighbourhood quality and/or parents' involvement by Eleonora Patacchini( )

10 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"We develop a model that analyzes the impact of residential neighborhood and parents' involvement in education on children's educational attainment and test it using the UK National Child Development Study. We find that the better the quality of the neighborhood, the higher the parents' involvement in children's education, indicating cultural complementarity. For high-educated parents, the child's educational attainment is more affected by the parents' involvement than by the neighborhood quality while, for low-educated parents, the neighborhood quality seems to play the major role"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
The racial test score gap and parental involvement in Britain by Eleonora Patacchini( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"We investigate the racial gap in test scores between black and white students in Britain both in levels and differences across the school years. We find that there is an increasing racial gap in test scores between ages 7 and 11, and a decreasing one between ages 11 and 16. Using the richness of information of the National Child Development Study, we find that the evolution of the racial test score gap reflects the racial parenting gap. The latter can, in turn, be explained by the fact that, during this period, the social structure of black families has gone through important changes while it has remained roughly the same for white families"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Car ownership and the labour market of ethnic minorities by Pieter Gautier( )

7 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How do firms redline workers? by Yves Zenou( Book )

8 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In a city where individuals endogenously choose their residential location, firms determine their spatial efficiency wage and a geographical red line beyond which they do not recruit workers. This is because workers experiencing longer commuting trips provide lower effort levels than those residing closer to jobs. By solving simultaneously for the land and labor market equilibrium, we show that there exists a unique market equilibrium that determines the location of all individuals in the city, the land rent, the efficiency wage, the recruitment area and the unemployment level in the economy. This model is able to provide a new mechanism for the spatial mismatch hypothesis by taking the firm's viewpoint. Distance to jobs is harmful not because workers have low information about jobs (search) or because commuting costs are too high but because firms do not hire remote workers
Search, migration, and urban land use : the case of transportation policies by Yves Zenou( )

8 editions published in 2010 in English and German and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We develop a search-matching model with rural-urban migration and an explicit land market. Wages, job creation, urban housing prices are endogenous and we characterize the steadystate equilibrium. We then consider three different policies: a transportation policy that improves the public transport system in the city, an entry-cost policy that encourages investment in the city and a restricting-migration policy that imposes some costs on migrants. We show that all these policies can increase urban employment but the transportation policy has much more drastic effects. This is because a decrease in commuting costs has both a direct positive effect on land rents, which discourages migrants to move to the city, and a direct negative effect on urban wages, which reduces job creation and thus migration. When these two effects are combined with search frictions, the interactions between the land and the labor markets have amplifying positive effects on urban employment. Thus, improving the transport infrastructure in cities can increase urban employment despite the induced migration from rural areas. -- rural-urban migration ; transportation policies ; entry costs ; restricting migration
International migration, imperfect information, and brain drain by Vianney Dequiedt( )

7 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We consider a model of international migration where skills of workers are imperfectly observed by firms in the host country and where information asymmetries are more severe for immigrants than for natives. There are two stages. In the first one, workers in the South decide whether to move and pay the migration costs. These costs are assumed to be sunk. In the second stage, firms offer wages to the immigrant and native workers who are in the country. Because of imperfect information, firms statistically discriminate high-skilled migrants by paying them at their expected productivity. The decision of whether to migrate or not depends on the proportion of high-skilled workers among the migrants. The migration game exhibits strategic complementarities, which, because of standard coordination problems, lead to multiple equilibria. We characterize them and examine how international migration affects the income of individuals in sending and receiving countries, and of migrants themselves. We also analyze under which conditions there is positive or negative self-selection of migrants
Dual labour markets, urban unemployment and multicentric cities by Tony E Smith( Book )

10 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Social interactions and labour market outcomes in cities by Yves Zenou( )

6 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We develop a model where information about jobs is essentially obtained through friends and relatives, i.e., strong and weak ties. Workers commute to a business center to work and to interact with other people. We find that housing prices increase with the level of social interactions in the city because information about jobs is transmitted more rapidly and, as a result, individuals are more likely to be employed and to be able to pay higher land rents. We also show that, under some condition, workers using more their weak ties than strong ties to find a job receive a higher wage. We finally demonstrate that workers living far away from jobs pay lower housing prices but experience higher unemployment rates than those living close to jobs because they mainly rely on their strong ties to obtain information about jobs
Social networks and parental behavior in the intergenerational transmission of religion by Eleonora Patacchini( )

8 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We analyze the intergenerational transmission of the strength of religion focusing on the interplay between family and peer effects. We develop a theoretical model suggesting that both peer quality and parental effort are of importance for the religious behavior of the children. We then bring the model to the data by using a very detailed dataset of adolescent friendship networks in the United States. We find that, for religious parents, the higher is the fraction of religious peers, the more parents put effort in transmitting their religiosity, indicating cultural complementarity. For non-religious parents, we obtain the reverse, indicating cultural substitutability. Concerning the success in transmitting the religious trait, we find that, for religious parents, the fraction of religious peers has only an indirect effect (through parental effort) while, for non-religious parents, there is a lower indirect effect and a statistically significant and sizeable direct effect of peers on the transmission of the non-religious trait. -- religion ; cultural transmission ; peer effects ; network fixed effects
Out of sight, out of mind : migration, entrepreneurship and social capital by Jackline Wahba( )

6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this paper is to investigate whether return migrants are more likely to become entrepreneurs than non-migrants. We develop a theoretical search model that puts forward the trade off faced by returnees since overseas migration provides an opportunity for human and physical capital accumulation but, at the same time, may lead to a loss of social capital back home. We test the predictions of the model using data from Egypt. We find that, even after controlling for the endogeneity of the temporary migration decision, an overseas returnee is more likely to become an entrepreneur than a non-migrant. Although migrants lose their original social networks whilst overseas, savings and human capital accumulation acquired abroad over-compensate for this loss. Our results also suggest that social networks have no significant impact on becoming entrepreneurs for returnees but matter for non-migrants. -- Social capital ; entrepreneurship ; selection ; savings
Spatial versus Social Mismatch : the Strength of Weak Ties by Yves Zenou( )

9 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this paper is to provide a new mechanism based on social interactions explaining why distance to jobs can have a negative impact on workers' labor-market outcomes, especially ethnic minorities. Building on Granovetter's idea that weak ties are superior to strong ties for providing support in getting a job, we develop a model in which workers who live far away from jobs tend to have less connections to weak ties. Because of the lack of good public transportation in the US, it is costly (both in terms of time and money) to commute to business centers to meet other types of people who can provide other source of information about jobs. If distant minority workers mainly rely on their strong ties, who are more likely to be unemployed, there is then little chance of escaping unemployment. It is therefore the separation in both the social and physical space that prevents ethnic minorities finding a job
 
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Urban labor economics
Covers
Economic analyses of social networks
Alternative Names
Yves Zenou econoom

Yves Zenou French-Swedish economist

Yves Zenou Wirtschaftswissenschaftler (ERMES, Univ. de Paris II-Assas / GAINS, Univ. du Mans / PhD in Economics (Univ. Panthéon-Assas, 1991))

Zenou, Y.

Zénou, Y. 1961-

Zenou, Y. (Yves)

Zénou, Yves 1961-

Languages
English (169)

French (17)

German (5)