WorldCat Identities

Gourrier, Aurélien

Overview
Works: 9 works in 12 publications in 2 languages and 32 library holdings
Roles: Contributor, Thesis advisor, Author, Opponent
Classifications: CC79.C5, 543
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Aurélien Gourrier
Analytical chemistry for cultural heritage( Book )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field
Structure-property relationships of a biological mesocrystal in the adult sea urchin spine by Jong Seto( )

2 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Etudes combinées de microdéformation par indentation et de microdiffraction des rayons-X : applications dans le cas de polymères by Aurélien Gourrier( Book )

3 editions published in 2004 in English and French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The results presented in this thesis demonstrate, for the first time, the feasibility of combined studies of microindentation and both wide and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS) techniques in-situ (real-time). In this way, valuable structural information can be gained throughout the deformation process from the atomic to mesoscopic scale. For this purpose, a dedicated microindentation device was developed on the microfocus beamline of the ESRF (ID13). The first experiments were focused on polymer fibres eventhough the method can also be applied to other materials such as biopolymers or metals. The WAXS experiments showed that at least a part of the crystallites within the volume probed in the X-ray beam tend to orient in the stress field induced by the indenter giving rise to strong textures. Another important consequence of indentation was found in the form of phase transformations occurring in two high-performance fibres
Emerging Approaches in Synchrotron Studies of Materials from Cultural and Natural History Collections by Loïc Bertrand( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Structure et Mécanique du pli vocal humain : caractérisation et modélisation multi-échelles by Thibaud Cochereau( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The human vocal fold owns exceptional vibratory properties. It is capable of withstanding large deformations, for different types of loading, in a repeated and reversible manner. These particular vibro-mechanical properties are closely linked to its microstructure: a multi-layer complex structure composed of highly heterogeneous protein fibre networks. However, it is still difficult today to describe precisely the implication of the microstructural specificities of the fold in its biomechanical behaviour.In order to clarify this link and to move towards a better understanding of the behaviour of the vocal tissue, this study proposes to approach the problem under three complementary approaches, combining microstructural characterization, mechanical characterization and numerical modelling. First, the microstructure of the fold was studied emph{ex vivo} using an original technique based on X-ray tomography. The use of synchrotron tomography in phase retrieval mode has revealed the structure of the tissue at different scales. In particular, high-resolution 3D images of the fibrous structure of the upper and muscular layers of the tissue were acquired. These images gave rise to a quantitative 3D analysis of the fibrous arrangement, allowing the determination of descriptors of orientation and 3D geometry of the fibers.In a second step, the mechanical behaviour of the fabric under different loading conditions was studied. A protocol has been proposed to characterize the same sample in tension, compression and shear. These tests have complemented existing knowledge on fold biomechanics, and constitute important reference data for the construction and validation of digital models.Finally, based on the data acquired experimentally, a micro-mechanical model was developed. This model has the specificity to take into account the 3D arrangement of the tissue through an idealized but relevant representation of its fibrous microstructure. The macroscopic responses predicted for different loading conditionds could be compared to the experiment for validation. At the microscopic scale, the kinematics of the fibres during the loading could be simulated. The micromechanisms that occur during the deformation of the fibrous network could thus be identified, opening new perspectives in the understanding of the multi-scale properties of the tissue
Caractérisation multi-échelle du minéral osseux : apport de l'imagerie structurale par contraste de diffraction des rayons X et d'électrons by Mariana Verezhak( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le tissu osseux est un matériau composite biologique principalement constitué de molécules de collagène, de nanocristaux minéraux et d'eau et qui est organisé en plusieurs niveaux hiérarchiques dont les dimensions caractéristiques s'étendent sur plus de 8 ordres de grandeur. Une compréhension fondamentale de l'organisation de la structure minérale du tissu osseux aux différentes échelles représente un enjeu important pour la communauté biomédicale. Pour répondre à cette demande, nous avons appliqué de nouvelles méthodes actuellement en développement pour la science des matériaux afin de caractériser la phase minérale: l'imagerie par diffraction cohérente des rayons X (CXDI), par la microscopie électronique à transmission avec cartographie d'orientation cristalline automatisée (ACOM-TEM) et l'analyse de la fonction de distribution de paires (PDF) des diagrammes de diffraction des rayons X.Le tissu osseux a été étudié depuis l'échelle de l'angström, pour l'arrangement atomique, en tenant compte de la composition chimique et des variations de longueur des liaisons interatomique, en passant par l'organisation individuelle des cristaux (et entre cristaux), jusqu'à leur organisation à l'échelle du micron avec une résolution nanométrique, permettant également de résoudre la structure de la nano porosité du tissu.Les preuves de principe ont été réalisées sur un modèle bovin et en utilisant des os traités thermiquement pour tester l'applicabilité et la sensibilité des différentes méthodes. En outre, ces résultats sont d'un intérêt direct pour l'archéologie, l'anthropologie et la science médico-légale. De plus, nos premières études réalisées sur des tissus osseux humains affectés par diverses pathologies ont permis de montrer que les différences structurales induites par les pathologies peuvent être détectées à l'échelle du cristal.La description de la préparation des échantillons, les configurations expérimentales et les analyses de données pourraient, ainsi, être appliquées à d'autres tissus osseux, ex. avec un degré différent de maturation ou de différentes espèces. Les tissus de structure et composition similaires aux os tels que la dentine ou le bois de rennes, ainsi que des matériaux poreux inorganiques multi-échelles pourraient également être analysés avec les protocoles proposés.Comprendre les caractéristiques nanostructurales du tissu osseux est donc indispensable afin d'identifier des marqueurs structuraux clés des pathologies de l'os humain. Cette stratégie pourra avoir un impact sur les futurs développements de nouveaux outils pour le diagnostic ou pour évaluer l'efficacité des thérapies pharmaceutiques actuelles
Caractérisation du réseau lacuno-canaliculaire osseux par microscopie optique by Rachel Genthial( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis focuses on the study of bone lacuno-canalicular network (LCN) using different optical microscopy techniques. The LCN is the porosity network in the bone matrix where the cellular network lie. It is formed of dendritic cells: the osteocytes which are connected to each other. Although it plays a major role in the formation, remodeling and maintenance of biomechanical properties of bone, only little is known about this network as a whole. This can be explain by the difficult characterization of such a dense and complex network with sub-micron resolution and scales up to the entire organ. In this work we have sought to improve the characterization of the LCN using two approaches: the development of a method to analyse the network on large scale using confocal microscopy on one hand, and the assessment of the potential of non linear microscopy technique to study the LCN on the other hand.First, we have developed a protocol from sample preparation to image processing and data analysis to optimize confocal imaging of bone tissue in order to obtain a quantitative large scale analysis of the network. Preliminary results show a wide variation of network parameters at all scales revealing its complexity. This analysis was then used in order to assess changes in the LCN across an entire mice femur.Secondly, we study the potential of the non-linear optical microscopies especially the third harmonic generation (THG) microscopy for imaging and the study of the LCN. Initially, we demonstrated the ability to visualise the LCN without fluorescent labelling using THG microscopy. From this proof of concept we explained the origin of the different ThG microscopy contrasts observed in bone tissue: a signal from the porosities allowing to visualize the network and a structured background signal generated at the interfaces between collagen fibrils. We also assess the possibilities of combinations between different non-linear signals, mainly THG and SHG (second harmonic generation) that can simultaneously image the network and the collagen matrix respectively. A correlation between the network structure and collagen organization has been established using the visualization of these two signals over large scales. Finally quantitative parameters of the LCN were obtained from THG images and applied to study the effects of microgravity on the cellular network structure
 
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Audience level: 0.77 (from 0.59 for Structure- ... to 0.99 for Towards a ...)

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