WorldCat Identities

Communauté d'universités et d'établissements Université Grenoble Alpes

Overview
Works: 3,468 works in 3,524 publications in 2 languages and 6,988 library holdings
Roles: Degree grantor, Other
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Communauté d'universités et d'établissements Université Grenoble Alpes
L'urbain et la mort : ambiances d'une relation by Pascaline Thiolliere( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La ritualité funéraire est en France depuis le tournant du 21ème siècle en profonde transformation, ce qui interroge fortement la relation entre la ville et la mort. Un certain rejet du cimetière standardisé et de ses contraintes s'exprime par le recours toujours plus fréquent à la crémation et à la dispersion. La matérialité de la cendre amène à une dématérialisation et une localisation plus diffuse des morts. Celles-ci sont renforcées par l'usage croissant de supports numériques (page memorial, réseaux sociaux, cimetières virtuels) qui ouvrent de nouveaux espaces-temps pour l'entretien de la relation aux morts et participent à redéfinir la spatialité du deuil. En outre, les considérations écologiques se révèlent aujourd'hui structurantes et bouleversent le domaine du funéraire tant au niveau pratique qu'au niveau des représentations. Nous faisons l'hypothèse que le tissage de notre relation aux morts passe par le corps, par ses mouvements et ses gestes qui matérialisent et donnent une ambiance à cette relation. Ainsi, à partir de cette approche sensible des ambiances, les dispositifs construits et paysagers sont appréhendés comme des mises en condition spatiales, temporelles, mais aussi corporelles, qui participent à la construction de la relation à la mort et aux morts et façonnent en partie le vécu intime du deuil. Les seuils, les rythmes et les gestes en jeu dans l'espace urbain sont des leviers pour la connaissance et la conception des relations entre l'urbain et la mort. En ce sens, nous identifions des intentionnalités particulièrement relevantes dans l'expérience du deuil (accompagner, entretenir, se recueillir, cheminer), qui sont mises en rapport avec les possibilités d'actions liées à l'espace construit et paysager. Ce travail permet de révéler des manques et des ressources, et ainsi, d'envisager le renouvellement des critères sur lesquels s'appuie la conception des espaces de la mort à l'échelle architecturale et urbaine
Étude sur la normativité précontractuelle : recherche à partir des fautes commises en contractant by Motahareh Fathisalout( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Absent as such in the discourse of French civil lawyers, the pre-contractual normativity is a legal phenomenon. Its comprehension supposes temporarily suspending the usual reasoning by which a jurist apprehends the pre-contractual period.Revealed through mistakes committed during pre-contractual negotiations, pre-contractual normativity is distinct from general and abstract normativity of the pre-contractual period and indicated in various provisions of the Civil Code (art. 1109 et seq.) and jurisprudential principles (e.g. good faith). As it is concrete, pre-contractual normativity firstly appears as a normative relationship, established between negotiators in the process of negotiating, whether the contract is finally signed or not. This relationship is the material reality of this particular normativity. Secondly, pre-contractual normativity sends back to a norm. As it is endogenous, it is revealed in the evolving environment, in which the negotiators voluntarily place themselves to settle the content of their future contract.Pre-contractual normativity is where a specific pre-contractual norm and a relationship forged between negotiators meet. It renders ineffective the theory of sources of obligations, since the latter, which is known for listing the sources of normativity, fails to explain the former with a single source. Pre-contractual normativity is eclectic and complex and thus, defies a single theorization in the way it is presented. Created in the process of a normative discussion which supposes considering negotiators in the relationship that unites them to one another, the concrete pre-contractual norm is achieved, case-by-case, under the supervision of a judge, who afterwards recognizes a presence or absence of such a norm at the end of a debate in which the negotiators - who have become party to the case - actively take part. The aim is to put forward the interests that stir them during the negotiations and that they now intend to have the judge's favor in his balancing of interests.The demonstration of pre-contractual normativity and its modus operandi are hypothesis of quasi-law and invite jurists to rethink the paths to normativity to give way to the completely inherent sociability that characterizes the law
Un intellectuel communiste illégitime : Roger Garaudy by Didier Gauvin( )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Après avoir atteint l'excellence en tant qu'intellectuel de parti stalinien pendant la Guerre froide, Roger Garaudy s'est construit comme intellectuel "véritable" contre la doxa du PCF qu'il était pourtant chargé d'incarner, à la faveur de son autonomisation suite au choc du XX° Congrès du PCUS périmant sa foi en Staline. C'est ainsi que la résurgence progressive de son habitus théologico-philosophique a fait de lui l'homme du dialogue par excellence adapté à la démarginalisation du PCF dans le champ intellectuel des années 1960. Mais si son engagement sur la tagente hérétique a fait de lui l'un des intellectuels communistes poussant le plus loin le projet de rénovation du PC en offrant une véritable stratégie alternative à celle du Parti après 1968, l'exclusion qui s'en est suivie s'est traduite par un retour du refoulé religieux qui, couplé à la posture prophétique d'un intellectuel désormais excentré dans le champ intellectuel français, a largement contribué à la délégitimation de l'ancien philosophe du PC avant même sa radicalisation ultime qui a achevé de le disqualifier suite à sa condamnation pour négationnisme
Mises en jeu du hors-scène dans le théâtre de Marguerite Duras, Bernard-Marie Koltès et Jean-Luc Lagarce : approche dramaturgique et scénographique by Aurélie Coulon( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The term hors-scène (“off-stage” with a dramaturgical and a scenographic meaning in French) is used in an empirical way to designate spaces, characters and or episodes that are invisible. It is not part of the technical vocabulary of the theater, and it is often replaced by words borrowed from other artistic fields such as “off”, or “out of frame”. Because of this lack of terminological precision, it is a notion that like a mirror reflects ideological and aesthetic orientations which can be related to a discourse that values the invisible, in opposition to an image-driven society. This notion of hors-scène is addressed through a study of the works of three major authors of the second half of the 20th Century: Marguerite Duras, Bernard-Marie Koltès and Jean-Luc Lagarce. Each one of them has his/her specific mode of blurring the lines between the stage and the off-stage, thus producing staging and making scenographies that have to tackle the redefinition of the limits of space and of representation itself. In their works, the boundary between the visible and the invisible no longer coincides with the articulation between the stage and an adjacent peripheral space. The hors scène is mobile and cannot be easily located : it can no longer be considered as what lies outside of the stage. It can be situated at the heart of the visible ; it can spring from a framing choice which orchestrates the relations between the stage, the house and the world, but also from a staging choice that materialises “timelessness”. It reveals itself discontinuously, through breaches opened up in a diversity of ways in a dramatic and/or scenic space whose boundaries themselves are in flux. The thesis identifies the dramaturgic and scenographic stakes of the uses of the hors-scène in the three authors' texts, as well as in a selection of stagings from the second half of the 20th Century and early 21st Century, as well as in scenographies and a number of sound/audio productions to which they are associated. The aim is to trace different categories of the hors-scène and to define more precisely this notion that could very well highlight a change in the modes of perception and representation
Golden Snow. Ségrégation et entre-soi dans les stations de sports d'hiver haut de gamme en Autriche, en France et en Suisse. by Lise Piquerey( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les stations de sports d'hiver sont des lieux touristiques à part entière dont les dynamiques d'aménagement ont été étudiées depuis plusieurs décennies. Si les stratégies de développement du système touristique dans des lieux jugés aptes à pouvoir soutenir cette activité sont un des enjeux principaux de certaines économies locales, cette thèse ne souhaite pas questionner le tourisme au prisme de l'économie ou de l'aménagement, mais de celui de la distinction. La distinction, concept à l'interface de la géographie sociale et d'autres sciences humaines comme la sociologie, permet de questionner l'ensemble du système touristique, tant dans son caractère urbain, économique que social. L'intérêt de cet angle d'approche est également de replacer l'individu, son identité et ses pratiques, au sein de ces lieux qui tendent à intégrer différents groupes socio-économiques en leur sein. Pour ce faire, nous proposons de questionner la place des clientèles issues des catégories socio-économiques supérieures, des habitants permanents et des travailleurs saisonniers, ces deux derniers groupes disposent de profils hétérogènes au sein des stations de sports d'hiver haut de gamme. Nous approcherons ainsi la distinction à travers deux angles : celui des lieux touristiques au sein même du marché des stations de sports d'hiver et celui des catégories sociales dans ces lieux qui tendrait à faire abstraction de toutes considérations relevant de la hiérarchie sociale. Recherche géographique avant tout, cette thèse abordera la distinction au regard de deux notions fortes : la ségrégation et l'entre-soi, en questionnant l'accessibilité propre à chacun au sein de l'espace urbain des stations de sports d'hiver, entendu comme le pouvoir spatial. Nous proposons de mener cette étude dans dix stations de sports d'hiver haut de gamme, localisées en Autriche, en France et en Suisse dans le massif alpin. Cette diversité de configurations nationales permettra également de questionner les stratégies de distinction au regard des législations en vigueur dans chaque pays. Sur la base des cadres conceptuels présentés dans la partie 1 (chapitre 1 : état de l'art de la ségrégation et de l'entre-soi pour construire une géographie sociale du tourisme; chapitre 2 : échantillonnage des stations étudiées et approche méthodologique ; chapitre 3 : questions de recherche), nous aborderons les stratégies de distinction à travers plusieurs approches : l'héritage touristique et les formes urbaines singulières qu'il a produites (chapitre 4), la mise en scène de l'espace urbain à des fins touristiques (chapitre 5) et les régimes de visibilité des catégories socio-économiques dans le paysage urbain de la richesse (chapitre 6). Cette deuxième partie permettra de mettre au jour l'existence d'interfaces de la distinction présentes au sein des stations de sports d'hiver haut de gamme : les seuils, dont les modalités de production, tant sociales, symboliques que matérielles et les contraintes spatiales qu'ils induisent seront respectivement traitées dans les chapitre 7 et chapitre 8 (partie 3). Au final, cette thèse propose une géographie sociale du tourisme, plus qu'une géographie des pratiques touristiques
Industries culturelles et créatives au Burkina Faso. : Analyse des filières au prisme des politiques et des stratégies d'acteurs . by Jacob Yarabatioula( )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How are built, to structure and organize courses cultural industries and creative in Burkina Faso? What is their level of development? What are the current challenges they are facing and what are the strategies actors? These are just issues that sets out to answer our research work.The development of cultural industries in Burkina Faso is in operation since independence and has intensified over the past ten years. This dynamic knows the ups and downs depending on the circumstances (environment), actors and public policy.Despite the efforts and progress in the sector there is the low industrialization of culture and embryonic chains character. Meanwhile the hopes of the actors placed in them (cultural industries and creative) for their ability to create wealth and jobs are large and related. Discourses and practices are often contradictory and public policy lack of pragmatism.Faced with this situation, our work is striven is to show the State or the environment in which evolved and are currently changing the industrialization of culture and how the actors at each level of the streams industrial (Book, Music, Cinema and audiovisual, Video games) and the so-called creative industries (Fashion and textile design & Arts and crafts) are organized and structure their sectors to continue to exist in a context of openness, globalization of artistic and cultural works.Finally, the work closes by opening up the current changes that characterize the industrial sectors of culture both at the level of production factors in the strategies of the actors.KeywordsCultural industries ; Cultural and creative industries ; Cultural development ; Dies ; Stakeholder strategies ; Cultural policies ; Public policies ; Economy of culture ; Political economics
Musique et industries médiatiques. : Construction et mutations d'une musicalisation médiatisée à la télévision (1949-2015) by Guylaine Gueraud Pinet( )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This doctoral thesis questions the relationship between music and the media from a communicational perspective. Relying upon the notion of mediatized musicalization, this research work offers an analysis of musical integrations featured on French television from 1949 to 2015. Building upon intermedia and integeneric foundations, the musical setting of French television programs bears witness to the ever increasing industrialization of two sectors of the cultural industries since the 1980's: the audiovisual sector and the recorded music sector. In order to fully appreciate the issues at stake here, a composite methodology has been adopted mixing investigative research on the work of video editors (historiographical readings, semi-directive interviews) and corpus analyses (statistical analyses and thematically-oriented content analyses). One of the conclusions that can be drawn from these analyses is that, in a context of rationalized creation, musical integrations indicate that the symbolic value of music is taken into consideration as part of a wider strategy aimed at grabbing the attention of the public. These changes, noticeable in the contents, have led to the multiplication and to the growing circulation of musicalized images, thus reveal the involvement of the media in our industrialized culture
Méthodes d'apprentissage et approches expérimentales appliqués aux réseaux d'interfaces protéiques by Mounia Achoch( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this study is to understand protein assembly mechanisms. The assembly of a protein in an oligomer is particularly important because it is involved in many pathologies going from bacterial infection, Alzheimer like diseases or even some cancers. Protein assembly is the combination of two or more protein chains to induce a biological activity. The B subunit of the cholera toxin pentamer (CtxB5), which belongs to the family of AB5 toxins, is studied as the main model of assembly. Experimental results have provided information on the assembly of the toxin highlighting the involvement of certain amino acids. The first problem addressed in my thesis is to understand their role and see if network approaches are relevant to such investigation. I was able to show using amino acid mutations, that amino acids influence each other by cascade or "peer to peer" mechanisms in order to coordinate the various steps of the assembly (Chapters 4, 5 and 6). The structure and function of the proteins are defined by amino acid sequences which naturally vary due to genetic mutation. So I decided to expand this field of investigation to see if the cascade mechanism was generalized as a mean of disrupting a protein structure. Here it is to understand how a protein loses its function by way of a significant change of structure upon mutation. First, I studied dataset to know the characteristics of healthy protein networks (Chapter 7, 8 and 9), and after I looked at the effects of the systematic mutation of each amino acid of CtxB5 on its overall structure (Chapter 10 and 11). Mutations led from moderate to very large structural changes around the mutated amino acid or at long distances. These results are consistent with known effects of mutation: robustness (maintenance function), evolution or adaptation (emergence of a new feature) and fragility (pathologies). The results also show a weak correlation between the number of amino acid contacts of the mutated amino acid and the amount of structural change induced by its mutation. It is therefore not easy to anticipate the effect of a mutation: The last chapter of my thesis addresses this problem (Chapter 12)
L'évolution géomorphologique des systèmes torrentiels proglaciaires de la vallée de Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, une approche du couplage sédimentaire de la fin du Petit Age Glaciaire au désenglacement récent by Johan Berthet( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the end of Little Ice Age, glaciers of the Mont blanc massif are retreating and large sediment volume are releasing from the ice. Thus, sediment supply, which is a main control factor of the proglacial stream geomorphic activity, could be deeply modified. Therefore, the consequences on the sediment fluxes and the risk management need to be understanding because of the present acceleration of glacier retreat and urban sprawl in the Chamonix valley. The goal of this thesis is to study the sediment coupling between stream systems and areas released by glaciers. A first approach allows understanding the geomorphic trajectory of proglacial system at the Chamonix scale since the end of the Little Ice Age. Our results supported by modelling and archives analyses, show the decreasing capacity of the hydrographic pattern to be connected with sediment sources. The second approach is lead on the LiDAR DEM multi-temporal comparison. It focuses on the three main proglacial systems: Argentière, Mer de Glace and Bossons, whom occurred a decennal flood during the 2014 summer. This part of our study underlines the storage efficiency into deglaciated areas and the increasing role of anthropic forcing. Present sediment yield to proglacial stream is leaded by facilities such as the Mont Blanc Tunnel substructure or the subglacial harnessing. Our results show that the decreasing geomorphic activity of proglacial stream in the Chamonix valley is mainly caused by glacier retreat from the early 18th Century to the middle 20th century, then it is leaded by the increasing human pressure. Nevertheless, the fall of stream activity is punctuated by extreme events, such as the 1920 flood in the Arveyron of the Mer de Glace that we reconstructed the geomorphic consequences. Despite their intensity, effects of that king of events are limited close to the glacier downstream. Contrary to our initial hypotheses, glacier retreat in the Chamonix Valley, is not follow by a geomorphic crisis of proglacial streams because of the disconnectivity between sediment released from the ice and stream systems
La transition énergétique by Prudence Dato( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The transition to renewable energy involves two kinds of environmental concerns. First, fossil fuels are exhaustible and second, their use generates negative externalities through irreversible environmental damage. Furthermore, there are possible synergies between energy efficiency measures and renewable energy adoption in the sense that the former reduces the energy demand so that the latter can begin to cut future greenhouse gases emissions. The main objective of this dissertation is to analyze the optimal energy transition under certain and uncertain occurrence of environmental catastrophe and to determine incentive-based instruments at the household level in order to boost the energy transition. The dissertation consists of four chapters that independently present and discuss different issues of energy transition. The first chapter focuses on the optimal energy transition involving decisions about both renewable energy adoption and investment in energy saving technologies, when there is a certain pollution threshold that triggers the occurrence of environmental catastrophe. The second chapter investigates the optimal transition to renewable energy under uncertain occurrence of environmental catastrophe. The third chapter is devoted to understanding household behavior regarding energy transition. The fourth chapter explores the role of smart-grids in integrating intermittent renewable energy to facilitate the energy transition
Etude expérimentale des anastomoses vasculaires sans suture by Lulzim Vokrri( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'auteur n'a pas fourni de résumé en français
Interopérabilité Sémantique Multi-lingue des Ressources Lexicales en Données Liées Ouvertes by Andon Tchechmedjiev( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When it comes to the construction of multilingual lexico-semantic resources, the first thing that comes to mind is that the resources we want to align, should share the same data model and format (representational interoperability). However, with the emergence of standards such as LMF and their implementation and widespread use for the production of resources as lexical linked data (Ontolex), representational interoperability has ceased to be a major challenge for the production of large-scale multilingual resources. However, as far as the interoperability of sense-level multi-lingual alignments is concerned, a major challenge is the choice of a suitable interlingual pivot. Many resources make the choice of using English senses as the pivot (e.g. BabelNet, EuroWordNet), although this choice leads to a loss of contrast between English senses that are lexicalized with a different words in other languages. The use of acception-based interlingual representations, a solution proposed over 20 years ago, could be viable. However, the manual construction of such language-independent pivot representations is very difficult due to the lack of expert speaking enough languages fluently and algorithms for their automatic constructions have never since materialized, mainly because of the lack of a formal axiomatic characterization that ensures the pre- servation of their correctness properties. In this thesis, we address this issue by first formalizing acception-based interlingual pivot architectures through a set of axiomatic constraints and rules that guarantee their correctness. Then, we propose algorithms for the initial construction and the update (dynamic interoperability) of interlingual acception-based multilingual resources by exploiting the combinatorial properties of pairwise bilingual translation graphs. Secondly, we study the practical considerations of applying our construction algorithms on a tangible resource, DBNary, a resource periodically extracted from Wiktionary in many languages in lexical linked data
Les antécédents intra et inter-organisationnels du processus d'adoption des achats responsables by Lauriane Robert( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Purchasing Social Responsibility (PSR) is a topic of current interest. Recent literature development on this topic reflects the increasing interest amongst researchers. However, the existing literature fails to provide a comprehensive understanding of the PSR implementation process, which is also an issue of interest from a managerial perspective. This thesis aims to address this gap by identifying the antecedents (drivers and barriers) to PSR adoption process. We provide an original conceptual framework, which identifies intra-organizational antecedents to a sustaining adoption and sheds light on the important role of collaboration in buyer-supplier relationship.The empirical methodology is based on five case-studies with companies at different stages of PSR adoption process.The results show that intra-organizational antecedents play a critical role in achieving the set-up and operating phases, while inter-organizational antecedents (buyer-supplier collaboration) appear to be essential for the sustaining phase. This research provides comprehensive guidance for activating these leverages throughout the PSR implementation process, and it helps firms identify their level of PSR adoption
Modélisation bayésienne du développement conjoint de la perception, l'action et la phonologie by Marie-Lou Barnaud( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Through perception and production tasks, humans are able to manipulate not only high-level units like words or sentences but also low-level units like syllables and phonemes. Studies in phonetics mainly focus on the second type of units. One of the main goal in this field is to understand how humans acquire and manipulate these units and how they are stored in the brain. In this PhD thesis, we address this set of issues by using computer modeling, performing computer simulations with a Bayesian model of communication, named COSMO (“Communicating Objects using Sensory-Motor Operations”). Our studies extend in three ways.In a first part, we investigate the cognitive content of phonetic units. It is well established that phonetic units are characterized by both auditory and motor representations. It also seems that these representations are both used during speech processing. We question the functional role of a double representation of phonetic units in the human brain, specifically in a perception task. By examining their respective development, we show that these two representations have a complementary role during perception: the auditory representation is tuned to recognize nominal stimuli whereas the motor representation has generalization properties and can deal with stimuli typical of adverse conditions. We call this the “auditory-narrow/motor-wide” property.In a second part, we investigate the variability of phonetic units. Despite the universality of phonetic units, their characterization varies from one person to another, both in their articulatory/motor and acoustic content. This is called idiosyncrasies. In our study, we aim at understanding how they appear during speech development. We specifically compare two learning algorithms, both based on an imitation process. The first version consists in sound imitation while the second version exploits phoneme imitation. We show that idiosyncrasies appear only in the course of a phoneme imitation process. We conclude that motor learning seems rather driven by a linguistic/communication goal than motivated by the reproduction of the stimulus acoustic properties.In a third part, we investigate the nature of phonetic units. In phonetics, there is a debate about the specific status of the syllable vs phoneme in speech communication. In adult studies, a consensus is now found: both units would be stored in the brain. But, in infant studies, syllabic units seem to be primary. In our simulation study, we investigate the acquisition of both units and try to understand how our model could “discover” phonemes starting from purely syllabic representations. We show that contrary to syllables and vowels, consonants are poorly characterized in the auditory representation, because the categories overlap. This is due to the influence of one phoneme on its neighbors, the well-known “coarticulation”. However, we also show that the representation of consonants in the motor space is much more efficient, with a very low level of overlap between categories. This is in line with classical theories about motor/articulatory invariance for plosives. In consequence, phonemes, i.e. vowels and consonants, seem well displayed and likely to clearly emerge in a sensory-motor developmental approach such as ours.Through these three axes, we implemented different versions of our model. Based on data from the literature, we specifically cared about the cognitive viability of its variables and distributions and of its learning phases. In this work, modeling computation has been used in two kinds of studies: comparative and explanatory studies. In the first ones, we compared results of two models differing by one aspect and we selected the one in accordance with experimental results. In the second ones, we interpreted a phenomenon observed in literature with our model. In both cases, our simulations aim at better understanding data from the literature and provide new predictions for future studies
Transferts des polluants organiques persistants de l'atmosphère aux milieux aquatiques de montagne by Johanna Marçais( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les sources d'émissions de polluants organiques persistants (POP) dans l'atmosphère sont relativement bien connues. Une fois dans ce compartiment sous formes gazeuse et/ou particulaire, ces composés sont transportés à plus ou moins longue distance puis éliminés en fonction des conditions météorologiques par dépôts secs (aérosols) ou humides (pluie et neige). L'impact des POP est planétaire, tous les milieux de l'environnement sont touchés et les milieux aquatiques de montagne ne sont pas épargnés. Plusieurs études ont rapportées la présence de Polychlorobiphényles (PCB) et d'Hydrocarbures Aromatiques Polycycliques (HAP) sur des lacs d'altitude européens où l'atmosphère est l'unique source de pollution. A ce jour, très peu d'études ont été menées en milieux de montagne pour comprendre et identifier les mécanismes de transfert à l'interface entre l'air et l'eau. Ces travaux de thèse sont ainsi focalisés sur les échanges de POP à l'interface air-eau en milieu aquatique de montagne. Dans le but de définir le rôle de l'atmosphère sur ces milieux et de calculer des flux de POP, deux systèmes hydriques distincts ont été étudiés : un lac d'altitude (Lac de la Muzelle, Oisans) et une rivière alpine (Arc, vallée de la Maurienne). Deux familles de POP ont été ciblées pour leurs différentes propriétés physico-chimiques : les HAP et les PCB. Pour l'étude de ces milieux de montagne parfois difficile d'accès, une stratégie d'échantillonnage passive a été choisie. Les systèmes d'échantillonnage employé ont été améliorés, développés au laboratoire ou utilisés tel quel pour échantillonner distinctement toutes les formes de POP dans l'air (gaz, particules, dépôts secs et humides) et dans l'eau (phase dissoute et particulaire). Une comparaison des systèmes d'échantillonneurs atmosphériques passifs a été réalisée pour définir le plus fiable et représentatif. Ces études de transferts air-eau ont été conduites sur le lac d'altitude pendant deux périodes estivales (2014 et 2015) et un suivi de deux ans a été réalisé (2014 à 2016) sur la rivière alpine.Le rôle de l'atmosphère en période estivale a pu être ainsi défini sur le lac d'altitude et des flux d'échanges de polluants à l'interface ont pu être calculés. La rivière alpine étant un système hydrique dynamique plus complexe pour l'étude des transferts air-eau et la quantification de flux, un suivi spatio-temporel de la contamination a tout d'abord été réalisé le long de la rivière et une première approche de calcul de flux de polluants à l'interface a été appliquée
Enjeux de la simulation pour l'étude des performances énergétiques des bâtiments en Afrique sub-saharienne by Madi Kaboré( )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In sub-Saharan African countries, the energy context, the high urban growth, inadequate construction techniques and climate offer great potential for bio-climatic approach and sustainable construction particularly on the energy level. However, this potential and the use of passive cooling techniques are weakly explored. To do so, it requires a good knowledge of building's behaviour and their adaptation to the climatic context. As part of our contribution to this issue, a study on the thermal behaviour of buildings is initiated by numerical simulation. Indeed the building's energy performance simulation tools are becoming more essential in the building's design processes and analysis. Investigations are conducted on a building built with typical materials in Burkina Faso by following two main approaches. In the first approach a model of the building is faced with measurements from field experiments on the building. A calibration methodology based on the sensitivity analysis and optimization has been applied for the comparison of results. This helped to calibrate the model and diagnostic studies are performed.In the second approach, investigations on methods which can help to improve the building performance are realized through the application building performance simulation as a design aid tool. Interoperability and optimization techniques are used to deal with passive cooling techniques and their impacts on the building thermal behaviour are assessed. Finally in this work analysis techniques and performance criteria are used to characterize and make recommendations on building designs for the tropical climate context
Invariance and symbolic control of cooperative systems for temperature regulation in intelligent buildings by Pierre-Jean Meyer( )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis provides new control strategies that deal with the heterogeneous and nonlinear dynamics describing the temperature regulation in buildings to obtain a tradeoff between comfort and energy efficiency. We thus focus on the robust control of cooperative systems with bounded disturbances. We first solve this problem with the notion of robust controlled invariant interval, which describes a set where the state can be maintained for any value of the disturbances. A second approach provides dedicated symbolic methods to synthesize a discrete controller on a finite abstraction of the system, realizing safety specifications combined with a performance optimization. We first present a centralized symbolic method using the system dynamics provided by the physical model. To address its limitation in terms of scalability, a compositional approach is considered, where the symbolic abstraction and synthesis methods are applied to partial descriptions of the system under the assume-guarantee obligation that the safety specification is realized for all uncontrolled states. In the final part, the proposed controllers are combined and evaluated on the temperature regulation for an experimental building equipped with UnderFloor Air Distribution
Formes et enjeux sociotechniques du périurbain durable : comparaison de Bimby et du New Urbanism by Rémy Vigneron( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dans ce travail nous cherchons à comprendre comment les conditions de projet du renouvellement périurbain modifient les structures de la production de l'habitat périurbain. Le développement durable qui a progressivement gagné toutes les sphères de l'action publique s'attache plus récemment à reconsidérer les modèles de développement d'habitat du périurbain. Dans ce contexte, nous comparons deux pratiques professionnelles récentes, française et américaine, qui reconfigurent le système de production de l'habitat périurbain. Pour mettre cette reconfiguration en évidence nous déployons une réflexion en trois temps. D'abord, nous constatons que ces deux pratiques entrainent une évolution effective des formes urbaines et architecturales. Au prisme de la notion de transition, introduite par la théorie des systèmes sociotechniques, nous montrons qu'au-delà de l'évolution typomorphologique constatée, les logiques de projet de Bimby et du New Urbanism sous-tendent l'implication d'un pluralisme d'acteurs bénéfique. Ensuite, nous présentons et analysons les processus de design charrette et de micro-conception par lesquels les deux pratiques étudiées visent à répondre aux besoins d'une collectivité locale en impliquant une variété d'acteurs. Dans cette partie nous évaluons le degré d'influence des participants sur l'évolution des formes constatée plus tôt. Enfin, par la comparaison nous caractérisons des logiques de projet, des logiques de contrôle ainsi que des figures de l'appropriation par lesquelles le jeu d'acteurs que nous mettons en évidence poursuit une vision durable du périurbain. Nous précisons également les définitions de la co-conception et de la coproduction comme des approches de la médiation situées en amont et en aval des structures de production classiques. Les résultats de cette recherche contiennent plus particulièrement la modélisation des logiques de projet de Bimby et du New Urbanism, la modélisation du système de production de l'habitat périurbain durable, et la modélisation du renouvellement périurbain
Perspectives complémentaires de l'éthique organisationnelle by Emmanouela Mandalaki( )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La thèse traite l'éthique organisationnelle à partir de différentes perspectives afin de fournir des analyses complémentaires sur l'organisation de la prise de décision éthique de managers et les évaluations morales de ces dernières. À travers trois articles, cette thèse vise à explorer les facteurs sous-jacents qui façonnent l'éthique managériale et organisationnelle ainsi que les évaluations morales de cette dernière en mettant l'accent sur le rôle des conséquences des actions éthiques comme facteur majeur de comportement moral et d'évaluation
La communication publique et ses évolutions. La localisation de la communication de l'Etat à travers l'exemple de la sécurité routière by Welore Tamboura( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of this thesis, in information and communication sciences, is to question the issues related to the location of prevention communication during the public policy about road safety in France.In France,the emergence of public communication of the state is recent. It dates back to the 1970s with the policy of creating new towns and the introduction of communication as a factor of change of administration and modification of the behavior of individuals. This last aspect shows the belief in a "power of influence" of the publicized communication on the part of the public authorities and hence the resulting tendency to analyze public communication of the State through its sole dimension “The media ". Without obscuring the role of the media in public communication, the analysis focuses on the various underlying dimensions emerging from the localization of prevention communication on the theme of road safety, the media of which seem to reflect only “a part.This localization approach brings together the logics, the strategies of the actors and the representations that confront each other and show that issues of road safety emerge from other issues that go beyond the initial framework, in particular that of the quest for The visibility, the legitimisation of public action through communication, the normalization of behavior through the management of individual conduct and the governance of territories at a time when the state seems to lose More and more prerogatives for the benefit of local and regional authorities.The diachronic approach of the "institutionalization" of state communication on the issue of road safety and its stakes shows three key periods: the 1970s with a "technical" approach to road safety and the birth of First prevention campaigns (first in the voluntary sector). Then the 1980s and the first decentralization movements marked a new orientation in the framework of public action concerning road safety, which is read not only through the internal structuring of the State apparatus (restructuring of its external services ) But also through its territorial deployment and the transfer of powers to local authorities. Finally, the 2000s saw the strengthening of the "coercive" dimension and the setting up of a set of tools in this sense.The analysis of the evolution of public communication on the issue of road safety and its location shows that it is intrinsically linked to the evolution of state administration (at the structural and political levels) Where attempts at successive (and not necessarily different) reorientations of this policy, the intervention of actors with different interests and logics that do not necessarily bring about a redefinition of the communication policy (at least not in its most visible part ), The importance of the mobilization of quantitative tools, reactivated by the finance laws as well as the imperatives at European level
 
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Alternative Names
Communauté d'universités et d'établissements Grenoble-Alpes

COMUE Grenoble Alpes

COMUE UGA

COMUE Université Grenoble-Alpes

UGA

Université Grenoble Alpes (2015-2019)

Université Grenoble Alpes (ComUE)

Languages
French (33)

English (4)