Front cover image for Phyto : principles and resources for site remediation and landscape design

Phyto : principles and resources for site remediation and landscape design

Kate Kennen (Author), Niall Kirkwood (Author)
"Phyto presents the concepts of phytoremediation and phytotechnology in one comprehensive guide, illustrating when plants can be considered for the uptake, removal or mitigation of on-site pollutants. current scientific case studies are covered, highlighting the advantages and limitations of plant-based cleanup. Typical contaminant groups found in the built environment are explained, and plant lists for mitigation of specific contaminants are included where applicable. This is the first book to address the benefits of phytotechnologies from a design point of view, taking complex scientific terms and translating the research into an easy-to-understand reference book for those involved in creating planting solutions. Typically, phytotechnology planting techniques are currently employed post-site contamination to help clean up already contaminated soil by taking advantage of the positive effects that plants can have upon harmful toxins and chemicals. This book presents a new concept to create projective planting designs with preventative phytotechnology abilities, 'phytobuffering' where future pollution may be expected for particular site programs."--Cover
eBook, English, 2015
First edition View all formats and editions
Routledge, New York, NY, 2015
1 online resource
9781317599012, 9780415814157, 9781315746661, 9781317599005, 9781317598992, 1317599012, 0415814154, 1315746662, 1317599004, 1317598997
Foreword / Steven Rock
Phytotechnology and the contemporary environment: an overview : What is phytotechnology? ; The difference between phytotechnology and phytoremediation ; Why do we need phytotechnologies? ; Opportunities and constraints ; The current state of phytotechnologies ; Legal and regulatory framework ; Designer checklist for phytotechnology implementation ; Innovation applications : Biomass production; Phytoforensics
Fundamentals : Short overview of plant functions ; Contaminant location: within soil, water or air? ; Contaminant type: organic or inorganic? ; Phytotechnology mechanisms ; Phyto plant characteristics and installation considerations ; Principles of phytotechnologies for organic and inorganic contaminants ; Field application and challenges
Contaminant classifications and plant selection : Organic contaminants : Petroleum; Chlorinated solvents; Explosives; Pesticides; Persistent organic pollutants (POPs); Other organic contaminants ; Inorganic contaminants : Plant macronutrients: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K); Metals: High bioavailability: Arsenic (As), Cadmium (Cd), Nickel (Ni), Selenium (Se), Zinc (Zn); Moderately difficult to extract: Boron (B), Cobalt (Co), Copper (Cu), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Molybdenum (Mo); Difficult to extract: Lead (Pb); Salt; Radioactive isotopes ; Air pollution
Phytotypologies: phytotechnology planting types : Planted stabilization mat (holds contaminants onsite) ; Evapotranspiration (ET) cover (minimizes water infiltration) ; Phytoirrigation (irrigates plants with contaminated water) ; Green (and blue) roofs (minimizes stormwater runoff) ; Groundwater migration tree stand (pumps and treats groundwater) ; Interception hedgerow (intercepts and degrades contaminated groundwater) ; Degradation bosque (degrades deep soil contamination) ; Degradation hedge and living fence (degrades soil contamination) ; Degradation cover (degrades surface soil contamination) ; Extraction plots (extracts contaminants for harvest) ; Multi-mechanism mat (utilizes all mechanisms for surface soil mitigation) ; Air flow buffer (traps air pollution) ; Green wall (treats air and water pollution vertically) ; Multi-mechanism buffer (utilizes all mechanisms for soil, air and water mitigation) ; Stormwater filter (cleanses stormwater) ; Surface flow constructed wetland (cleanses water) ; Subsurface gravel wetland (cleanses water) ; Floating wetland (cleanses water)
Site programs and land use : Roadways and parking lots ; Parks, open spaces, lawns and golf courses ; River corridors and greenways ; Railroad corridors ; Light industrial and manufacturing sites ; Gas stations and auto repair shops ; Dry cleaners ; Funeral homes and graveyards ; Urban residences ; Vacant lots ; Community gardens ; Agricultural fields ; Suburban residences ; Landfill ; Former manufactured-gas plant (MGP) ; Military uses
Additional resources
Afterword / Lee Newman and Jason White
Electronic reproduction, [Place of publication not identified], HathiTrust Digital Library, 2011