Front cover image for SPINE PHENOTYPES


Print Book, English, 2020
ELSEVIER ACADEMIC Press, [Place of publication not identified], 2020
9780128227787, 0128227788
1. Anatomy of the spine2. Biomechanics of the spine3. Biomechanical models to study spinal phenotypes4. Animal models to study spinal intervertebral disc phenotypes5. Imaging technologies of the spine6. Intervertebral disc degeneration7. Disc space narrowing and osteophytes8. Displacement of intervertebral discs9. High-intensity zones and annular tears10. Vertebral endplate abnormalities, defects, and changes11. Vertebral bone marrow (Modic) changes12. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament13. Lumbar spinal stenosis14. Facet joints15. Paraspinal muscles16. Spinal alignment