Front cover image for Slaves, subjects, and subversives : blacks in colonial Latin America

Slaves, subjects, and subversives : blacks in colonial Latin America

Almost eleven of the twelve million Africans who survived the trauma of enslavement in Africa and the horrors of the Middle Passage, remade their lives in territories claimed by Spain or Portugal. Drawing on a wealth of previously unused sources, the authors show that although plantation slavery was a horrible reality for many Africans and their descendants in Latin America, blacks experienced many other realities in Iberian colonies. Paul Lovejoy analyzes a treatise by a seventeenth-century Muslim scholar in Morocco and argues it shaped the slave trade to Latin America. John Thornton examines the early and significant adaptations Central Africans made to European material culture and Catholicism, noting how closely Angola resembled Latin America by the mid-seventeenth century. Lynne Guitar studies the grueling nature of African slavery in the sugar plantations of Hispaniola and the rebellions they triggered--the first in the New World. Jane Landers discusses slave rebellions in seventeenth-century New Spain and the development of maroon communities strong enough to negotiate their freedom. Matthew Restall tracks the life of one eighteenth-century Afro-Yucatecan to demonstrate how enslaved persons experienced competing English and Spanish systems in the circum-Caribbean. Renée Soulodre-La France considers how the expulsion of the Jesuit order from Latin America in 1767 transformed slaves' lives and identities in New Granada. Matt Childs investigates the tensions between African-born and creole members of Havana's black brotherhoods in the eighteenth century. Stuart Schwartz probes a Muslim uprising of Hausa dockworkers in nineteenth-century Brazil. Seth Meisel shows how enslaved blacks parlayed their military service against British forces in 1806 into freedom and citizenship in the new republic of Argentina. The appendix includes translated primary documents from each of these essays. - Publisher's description
Print Book, English, 2006
University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 2006
x, 318 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm.
9780826323972, 0826323979
Jane G. Landers
CHAPTER ONE The Context of Enslavement in West Africa Ahmad Baba and the Ethics of Slavery9(30)
Paul E. Lovejoy
CHAPTER TWO Boiling It Down Slavery on the First Commercial Sugarcane Ingenios in the Americas (Hispaniola, 1530-45)39(44)
Lynne Guitar
CHAPTER THREE Central Africa in the Era of the Slave Trade83(28)
John K. Thornton
CHAPTER FOUR Cimarr��n and Citizen African Ethnicity, Corporate Identity, and the Evolution of Free Black Towns in the Spanish Circum-Caribbean111(36)
Jane G. Landers
CHAPTER FIVE Manuets Worlds Black Yucatan and the Colonial Caribbean147(28)
Matthew Restall
CHAPTER SIX Los esciavos de su Magestad Slave Protest and Politics in Late Colonial New Granada175(34)
Ren��e Soulodre-La France
CHAPTER SEVEN "The Defects of Being a Black Creole" The Degrees of African Identity in the Cuban Cabildos, de Naci��n, 1700-1820209(38)
Matt D. Childs
CHAPTER EIGHT Cantos and Quilombos A Hausa Rebellion in Bahia, 1814247(26)
Stuart B. Schwartz
CHAPTER NINE "The Fruit of Freedom" Slaves and Citizens in Early Republican Argentina273(34)
Seth Meisel