Front cover image for Thought Experiments

Thought Experiments

This text analyses a variety of thought experiments, and explores what they are, how they work, and what their positive and negative aspects are. It also sets the theory within an evolutionary framework of advances in experimental psychology
eBook, English, 1998
Oxford University Press, Incorporated, Cary, 1998
1 online resource (331 pages)
9780198023807, 0198023804
""Contents""; ""Introduction""; ""1. Our Most Curious Device""; ""I: The Instrument of Choice""; ""II: Scientific Thought Experiments""; ""III: The Bridge to Philosophical Thought Experiments""; ""IV: Analytic Philosophy's Commitment to Thought Experiment""; ""2. Scepticism About Thought Experiments""; ""I: Introspection on the Sly?""; ""A. The Internal Horizon""; ""B. Complaints About Introspection""; ""C. The Parallel Plight of Thought Experiments""; ""II: A Repackaged Appeal to Ordinary Language?""; ""A. How the Appeal to Ordinary Language Is Supposed to Work"" ""B. Strong Scepticism About the Appeal to Ordinary Language""""C. Moderate Scepticism About the Appeal to Ordinary Language""; ""D. Semantic Descent to Thought Experiments""; ""III: Thought Experiments and the Dilemma of Informativeness""; ""3. Mach and Inner Cognitive Africa""; ""I: Instinctive Knowledge""; ""II: The Continuum of Cognitive Bargain Hunters""; ""III: Mach's Response to the Problem of Informativeness""; ""IV: Appraisal of Mach""; ""A. What Mach Got Right""; ""B. What Mach Got Wrong""; ""4. The Wonder of Armchair Inquiry""; ""I: The Pseudoanomaly""; ""A. Modal Gap Illusions"" ""B. How Thought Experiments Yield Modal Conclusions""""II: Positive Theories of Armchair Inquiry""; ""A. The Recollection Model""; ""B. The Transformation Model""; ""C. The Homuncular Model""; ""D. The Rearrangement Model""; ""III: The Cleansing Model""; ""A. How Thought Experiment Corrects Imbalances""; ""B. Theoretical and Practical Irrationality""; ""IV: An Eclectic View of the Mechanics of Thought Experiment""; ""5. Kuhntradictions""; ""I: Kuhn on the Received Opinion""; ""II: Misfits""; ""III: The Left Hand of Logic""; ""IV: Truth or Dare?"" ""A. The Incoherence of Incoherent Concepts""""B. Violation of Logical Conservatism""; ""V: Reconstruction of Kuhn's Error""; ""A. The Guts of Paradox""; ""B. Conflationary Factors""; ""C. The Phenomenology of Inconsistency""; ""D. Counteranalysis of Kuhn's Cases""; ""E. Taxonomic Prospects""; ""6. The Logical Structure of Thought Experiment""; ""I: Attributing Thought Experiments""; ""II: Thought Experiments as Alethic Refuters""; ""A. Necessity Refuters""; ""B. The Five Responses to the Quintet""; ""C. Summary of Necessity Refuters""; ""D. Possibility Refuters"" ""E. Summary of Possibility Refuters""""III: The Identity Conditions for Thought Experiments""; ""IV: An Extension to Ordinary Experiments""; ""V: The Big Picture""; ""7. Conflict Vagueness and Precisification""; ""I: General Features of Vagueness""; ""II: Dueling Definitions""; ""A. The Psychology of Conflict Vagueness""; ""B. How Conflict Vagueness Creates the Mirage of Local Incoherence""; ""C. Extensional Conflict Vagueness""; ""D. Intensional Conflict Vagueness""; ""III: Application of the Quintet Schema""; ""IV: Conceptual Reform""; ""V: Eliminative Reactions to Conflict Vagueness""
""VI: Tolerating the Vagueness""